Effects of an Active Implementation of a Guideline for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
To design a proactive implementation strategy for a chronic-disease-management-programme.
To describe effects of the active implementation of a programme for COPD-patients measured on patient-related goals and use of health resources.
To describe stakeholders' evaluation of the implementation.
Materials and method:
An intervention study with 3000 COPD-patients cluster-randomized after a bloc-randomization of their GP-practice. 18 GP-practices in Ringkøbing-Skjern-Municipality are randomized to receive an active implementation or to an "as usual" group. A neighboring municipality acts as "sleeping" control. With data from registers and a questionnaire-survey the effect on COPD-patients self reported-health, evaluation of health system and changes in distribution of health resources is analyzed. How health professionals perceive the implementation and how it influences their conception, interactions and culture is illustrated by interviews with stakeholders.
We expect to see improved health related quality of life, enhanced evaluation of the health system and a more appropriate distribution of health resources in the intervention group.
|Implementation of a Chronic Disease Management Programme COPD||Other: Active implementation of a guideline for chronic disease|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||Effects of an Active Implementation of a Chronic Disease Management Programme for Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)|
- Changes in COPD-patients self reported-health, their evaluation of the health system and in the distribution of health resources. [ Time Frame: 14 months ]
- Health professionals [ Time Frame: 14 months ]How health professionals perceive the implementation and how it influences their conception, interactions and culture.
|Study Start Date:||August 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Intervention
Patients from half the GP practices in Ringkoebing-Skjern municipality that participates in an active implementation of a guideline for COPD
Other: Active implementation of a guideline for chronic disease
Smoking cessation courses Remuneration to GPs for the planned follow-up and joint home visits Action card and sputum colour advice Webpage on "How to live with COPD" and the support the health system can provide Database with patients with COPD Feed-back from health centre to GPs, when patients have finished courses Fax from hospital to GPs, when patients with COPD is discharged Routines to recall patients for follow-ups Team audit, evaluate and adjust the strategies every 3rd month Joint home visit with GP and community nurse when a patient with COPD is discharged to plan future care Practice staff do part of follow-ups and monitoring Practice supervision with consultant in lung diseases Podcast with advice from specialists Guideline for COPD
No Intervention: Control group
Patients from the half of the GP practice in Ringkoebing-Skjern that do not participate in the active implementation of a guideline for COPD. The GPs are however in postgraduate training groups with intervention groups GPs
No Intervention: External control
Patients with GP practice in neighboring county Ikast-Brande where there have been no information or contact at all from the investigators
Health systems will manage more and more people with chronic diseases as life-expectancy increases and treatment options improve. As the need for resources increases, it will be vital that a targeted strategy for health care to this growing group is developed so all are offered a professional and efficient treatment and that resources are used equitable. A proactive strategy will secure that not only acute needs of patients, but the need of the whole population is served.
To describe the process of implementation and the effects of Central Denmark Region's chronic disease management programme for COPD-patients.
This is an intervention study, where approximately 3000 COPD-patients will be cluster-randomized after a bloc-randomization of their GP-practice. 15 GP-practices in Ringkøbing-Skjern Municipality will be randomized to receive the focused implementation or to an "as usual" group.
Approximately 4000 COPD patients from a neighboring municipality with a similar profile will be a control group without any active implementation in any GP-practice and any contamination between GP-practices will therefore be eliminated.
A proactive implementation strategy for the chronic disease management programme will be designed based on the literature and methods which have proven effective in implementing new ways of working when different stakeholders and cultures are involved.
Core intervention elements: GP-practice visits and education with focus on registration of smoking status and offering of smoking cessation, stratification of COPD patients according to health level or disease status, written referral from GP to community initiatives and written feedback to GP, discharge notice to GP from hospital, home visit by GP or practice nurse together with community nurse to plan care with newly discharged frail patients,
With data from registers and a questionnaire-survey the effect on COPD-patients self reported health, evaluation of the health system and changes in the distribution of health resources will be analyzed. How the health professionals in hospital, community-care and in GP-practices perceive the implementation and how it influences their conception, interactions and culture will be illustrated in an interview-survey of stakeholders.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01228708
|Principal Investigator:||Margrethe IC Smidth, PT MSc||The Research Unit for General Practice Aarhus|