We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Phase II SBRT & Chemo for Unresectable Cholangiocarcinoma Followed by Liver Transplantation

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01151761
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Poor accrual)
First Posted : June 28, 2010
Results First Posted : May 26, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 29, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Daniel T. Chang, Stanford University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine progression-free survival at 12 months for stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) and chemotherapy for unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma (CCA).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cholangiocarcinoma Hepatobiliary Neoplasm Liver Cancer Bile Duct Cancer Cancer of Gallbladder Procedure: Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy Drug: Gemcitabine Drug: Cisplatin Drug: Carboplatin Drug: Capecitabine Drug: 5FU Procedure: Liver transplantation Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Investigators hope to learn more about neoadjuvant SBRT and chemotherapy for unresectable CCA, and if SBRT followed by chemotherapy can lead to successful liver transplantation. This knowledge is important for this patient group as this disease is a highly lethal malignancy that often presents as unresectable, however surgery or transplantation are the only curative options.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 2 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) and Chemotherapy for Unresectable Cholangiocarcinoma Followed by Liver Transplantation
Study Start Date : January 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2012

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: SBRT, Chemo and Liver Transplantation
The patients received Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy followed by a liver transplantation. The chemo could be any combination of the following: Gemcitabine, Cisplatin, Carboplatin, Capecitabine and 5FU
Procedure: Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy
Standard of care
Other Name: External photon radiation

Drug: Gemcitabine
100 mg/m2, IV
Other Name: Gemzar

Drug: Cisplatin
25 mg/m2, IV
Other Names:
  • Platinol
  • Platinol-AQ

Drug: Carboplatin
AUC 2, based on Calvert formula, IV
Other Names:
  • Paraplatin
  • Paraplatin-AQ

Drug: Capecitabine
1000 mg/m2, PO
Other Name: Xeloda

Drug: 5FU
200 mg/m2
Other Names:
  • Fluorouracil
  • Adrucil
  • Carac
  • Efudix
  • Efudex
  • Fluoroplex

Procedure: Liver transplantation

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free Survival at 12 Months [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Progression free survival is defined to be the time to progression of disease or death.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pathologic Complete Response Rate [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Pathologic complete response will be defined as no residual tumor cells seen on the explanted liver specimen.

  2. Serum CA 19-9 Levels [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Initial level of Cancer antigen 19-9

  3. Overall Survival at 12 Months [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    the estimated probability for the percentage of participants with overall survival at 12 months.

  4. Liver Transplant Rate [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    The number of patients receiving liver transplant among patients who initially have tumors ≤3 cm

  5. Freedom From Local Progression at 12 Months [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    the proportion of patients who experienced a local recurrence at 12 months with death as a competing risk

  6. Liver Transplant Conversion Rate [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    The ability to successfully perform liver transplant among patients who initially have tumor >3 cm

  7. Median Time to Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
    The time to overall survival is defined as the time to death from any cause. The median was determined via Kaplan Meier methodology.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma by any of the below:

    • Positive transcatheter biopsy or brush cytology
    • CA 19-9 ≥ 100mg/mL with a malignant-appearing stricture on cholangiography
    • Biliary ploidy by fluorescent in situ hybridization with a malignant stricture on cholangiography
  • Liver tumors not to exceed 8 cm in greatest axial dimension (800 cc of uninvolved liver)
  • Unresectable tumor above cystic duct
  • Hepatic lesion in patients for whom surgical resection is not possible or would not result in an opportunity for cure by any of the below:

    • Bilateral segmental ductal extension
    • Encasement of the main portal vein
    • Unilateral segmental ductal extension with contralateral vascular encasement
    • Unilateral atrophy with either contralateral segmental ductal or vascular (hepatic artery, portal vein) involvement
  • Ascites is allowed if the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score is <15[1]
  • Age > 18 years old
  • Eastern Clinical Oncology Group performance status 0, 1 or 2 (Appendix 1)
  • Lab values within 2 wks prior to randomization:

    • See STUDY SCHEMA for specific blood count inclusion criteria: ANC &#8805; 500 x 109/L (&#8805; 1500/mm3), Platelets &#8805; 5 x 109/L (&#8805; 50,000/mm3), Hgb &#8805; 9g/dL
    • Adequate liver function: Total bilirubin &#8804;1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN); ALT and/or AST & alkaline phosphatase &#8804; 5 x ULN.
    • Adequate biliary drainage, with no evidence of active uncontrolled infection (patients on antibiotics are eligible).
    • See STUDY SCHEMA for specific renal function inclusion criteria: Adequate renal function with a calculated GFR &#8805; 40 ml/min. If the calculated GFR is below 40 ml/min a 24 hour urine creatinine clearance can be used.
    • Albumin > 2.5 mg/dL
    • INR &#8804; 1.5
  • Life expectancy > 6 months
  • Capable of giving written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior radiotherapy to the upper abdomen
  • Contraindication to receiving radiotherapy
  • Prior chemotherapy
  • Prior biliary resection or attempted resection
  • Prior transperitoneal biopsy
  • Large esophageal varices without band ligation
  • Active GI bleed or within 2 weeks of study enrollment
  • Ascites refractory to medical therapy or shunting
  • Active/unresolved biliary tract obstruction
  • Presence of multifocal, lymphatic, or extrahepatic metastases
  • Participation in another concurrent treatment protocol
  • If history of other primary cancer, subject eligible only if she or he has:

    • Curatively resected non-melanomatous skin cancer
    • Curatively treated cervical carcinoma in situ
    • Other primary solid tumor curatively treated with no known active disease present and no treatment administered for the last 3 years
  • Any evidence of severe or uncontrolled systemic diseases or laboratory finding that in the view of the investigator makes it undesirable for the patient to participate in the trial
  • Any psychiatric or other disorder (eg brain metastases) likely to impact on informed consent
  • Pregnancy or breast-feeding
  • While not excluded, patients with significant impaired hearing must be made aware of potential ototoxicity and may choose not to be included. If included, baseline audiograms are recommended and, in those given cisplatin, should be followed by repeat audiograms prior to cycle 2.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01151761

Layout table for location information
United States, California
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stanford University
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Daniel T Chang Stanford University
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Daniel T. Chang, Assistant Professor, Stanford University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01151761    
Other Study ID Numbers: HEP0032
HEP0032 ( Other Identifier: Stanford University )
First Posted: June 28, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 26, 2016
Last Update Posted: July 29, 2016
Last Verified: June 2016
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Bile Duct Neoplasms
Gallbladder Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Biliary Tract Neoplasms
Bile Duct Diseases
Biliary Tract Diseases
Gallbladder Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs