Rituximab and CVP Plus Interferon for Follicular Non Hodgkins Lymphoma (NHL) (LNH-Pro-05)
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Association of Rituximab to Immunochemotherapy With CVP + Interferon in Newly Diagnosed Follicular Lymphoma Patients With Intermediate-high FLIPI Score. Phase II Study.|
- Progression-free survival (PFS) with the CVP + IFNalfa + Rituximab treatment [ Time Frame: August 2012 ]
- Overall response (ORR) and complete response (CR) rates. Overall Survival MRD by RT-PCR assay Toxicity [ Time Frame: August 2012 ]
|Study Start Date:||February 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2016|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
8 cycles of Rituximab plus CVP chemotherapy (Bagley's et al) associated with Interferon for 12 weeks
This study is a multicentric trial evaluating the efficacy of the CVP chemotherapy + Interferon (IFN) + Rituximab induction regimen in patients aged 18 to 75 years with newly diagnosed follicular NHL.
Follicular non Hodgkin's lymphoma's (FL), as defined by the REAL Classification, are usually characterized by a slowly progressive clinical course, a transient control by standard chemotherapeutic regimen and a pattern of repeated relapses until ultimately progressive and fatal disease.
Most standard first line treatment for advanced FL consists of alkylating-based (CVP) or anthracycline containing regimens, in association with immunomodulating agents such as interferon alpha or the unconjugated chimeric anti-CD20 antibody (rituximab) to target the CD20 antigen highly expressed on follicular lymphoma cells. This strategies have significantly increased the survival of the patients, but relapses still occur. Thus, the treatment of the patients with FL, requires improvements.
IFN alpha has antiproliferative and immunomodulatory properties. Moreover, it has been described a synergistic effect when IFN is given with chemotherapy. This association has significantly improved progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Our prior results with 12 weeks of IFN plus CVP as induction treatment, significantly increased PFS when compared with CVP alone (60% median PFS vs. 24%, p: 0.0004).
We also performed a prospective study to analyze the correlation between the duration of remission and MRD in patients who were treated with CVP+IFN . Ninety four percent of patients had a molecular marker (60% bcl-2 translocation and 34% IgH rearrangement). Molecular response, defined as achieving a negative molecular MRD, was achieved in 76% of patients and it was associated with clinical remission. There was also a significant correlation between the duration of remission and a sustained indetectable MRD Anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (Rituximab) mediates complement dependent cytotoxicity (CDC), antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and apoptosis. Rituximab has also shown to sensitize drug-resistant lymphoma cell lines to killing by cytotoxic drugs.
There are some "in vitro" studies that have tested the effect of Rituximab and IFN combination. It's been described that when IFN is given with Rituximab, it favours the expression of CD20 and therefore increases its cytotoxic effect - . Preliminary phase II studies show an increase in response rate with duration of response going up to 12 months. Moreover, there are two clinical studies that have tested the efficacy and tolerability of Rituximab added to IFN-alpha vi- ix. The Nordic Lymphoma Group showed a significant increase in ORR (up to 94%) by adding 5 weeks of IFN to re-treatment with 4 doses of Rituximab in patients who had achieved only a minimal or partial remission. Most of these patients, maintained their responses for more than 24 months. With a similar trial design, Sacchi et al. showed an ORR of 74% (33% of CR) and a median duration of response of 19 months. The combination was safe and most grade 3-4 adverse events (15%) were hematologic toxicity (leuko-neutropenia and thrombocytopenia).
Thus, we hypothesize that the combination of rituximab, with our standard induction regimen using IFN plus CVP might lead to synergistic / additive induction of apoptosis through different pathways in poor prognostic patients with FL, improving our previous results. We also hypothesize that this combination will be able to achieve higher molecular remissions, determined by real-time PCR of Bcl-2 translocation.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00842114
|Hospital Universitario de La Princesa|
|Madrid, Spain, 28006|
|Principal Investigator:||Reyes Arranz-Saez, MD||Fundación Leucemia y Linfoma, Spain|