Everolimus (RAD001) For Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) Before Kidney Removal

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00831480
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Difficulty in accrual and by the order of the cancer center.)
First Posted : January 29, 2009
Results First Posted : March 21, 2016
Last Update Posted : March 21, 2016
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Linda C. Higgins, Baylor College of Medicine

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this multicenter, pilot, open-label, Phase II clinical trial is to discover if Everolimus(RAD001) is safe and effective in people who have advanced kidney cancer (renal cell carcinoma - RCC).

Since 2002, Everolimus has been studied in more than 2500 patients with various types of cancer as a single agent (a drug that is used alone to treat the cancer) or in combination with a number of well known anticancer therapies. Various studies, in animals such as in mice with cancer and in humans with cancer have shown that Everolimus can slow the growth of cancer.

Everolimus will be taken in pill form by mouth daily for 3-5 weeks followed by surgery to remove the effected kidney. After 2-4 weeks following the surgery, Everolimus will be resumed at the same dose.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Kidney Cancer Drug: everolimus Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Everolimus has significantly improved outcomes following prior therapy. This study is a biomarker driven Phase II trial that will assess the activity of everolimus as first-line therapy for renal cell carcinoma. Following initial kidney tumor biopsy, everolimus is administered for 3-5 weeks before cytoreductive nephrectomy and everolimus is then resumed and continued until tumor progression or intolerable toxicities. Any correlation of tumor tissue biomarker changes from initial biopsy to nephrectomy specimen with long-term progression-free survival will be determined. This trial may enable the identification of factors predictive of significant benefit from everolimus administered as first-line therapy by employing the neoadjuvant therapy paradigm.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 15 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Neoadjuvant Everolimus (RAD001)for Advanced RCC Before Cytoreductive Nephrectomy, With Correlative Tumor Studies (Protocol #: 06-08-20-01)
Study Start Date : April 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Kidney Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
All subjects will take everolimus
Drug: everolimus
everolimus 10 mg PO once daily for 3-5 weeks followed by removal of the kidney. Everolimus will begin again between 2 to 4 weeks after surgery.
Other Names:
  • RAD001
  • Afinitor

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease Progression Diagnosed by Biopsy [ Time Frame: up to one year ]
    Clinical progression validated by biopsy of metastatic site. Progression-free survival (PFS) will be measured from the post-op treatment start date to either the date the patient is first recorded as having disease progression, or the date of death if the patient dies due to any causes before progression. If a patient is lost to follow-up or removed for toxicities, the patient will be censored as of the last date of contact. Patients who start a new treatment before they progress will be censored as of the date of start of the new treatment. If a patient has not progressed or died, PFS is censored at the date of last follow-up. Patients removed from therapy with everolimus due to toxicities will not be included in the PFS estimation.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Advanced (metastatic) RCC
  • Histology: clear cell, papillary or chromophobe
  • 3 out 6 risk factors (by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center criteria and one additional criterion: multiple sites of metastasis) or not candidates for or refuse sunitinib.
  • Must have at least one measurable metastatic site according to Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria that has not been previously irradiated.
  • Must be deemed surgical candidates for cytoreductive nephrectomy by the urologist.
  • Age 18 years of age or older
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (EGOG) PS 0-2
  • Adequate bone marrow function
  • Adequate liver function as shown by:
  • Adequate renal function
  • Fasting serum cholesterol AND fasting triglycerides within normal limits
  • Signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Collecting duct, medullary histologies or sarcomatoid differentiation.
  • Central Nervous System (CNS) or leptomeningeal metastases.
  • Inappropriate candidates for cytoreductive nephrectomy or who have any severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions or other conditions that could affect their participation in the study
  • severely impaired lung function
  • uncontrolled diabetes
  • active (acute or chronic) or uncontrolled severe infections
  • liver disease such as cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis or chronic persistent hepatitis
  • Ineligible for cytoreductive nephrectomy
  • Current or prior systemic anticancer therapies (including chemotherapy, antibody based therapy, or investigational drugs)
  • Other malignancies within the past 3 years except for localized carcinoma of the cervix, basal or squamous cell carcinomas of the skin, or localized prostate cancer with Gleason Score less than 7 treated with radiation or surgery and no evidence of progression.
  • Major surgery (defined as requiring general anesthesia) or significant traumatic injury within 4 weeks of start of enrollment
  • Anticipated major surgery (other than CN) during the course of the study
  • A known history of HIV seropositivity
  • Hepatitis C seropositivity
  • Chronic, systemic treatment with corticosteroids or another immunosuppressive agent. Topical or inhaled corticosteroids are allowed.
  • Immunization with attenuated live vaccines within one week of study entry or during study period
  • Known hypersensitivity to RAD001 (everolimus) or other rapamycins or to its excipients
  • Impairment of gastrointestinal function or gastrointestinal disease
  • Active, bleeding diathesis
  • Female patients who are pregnant or breast feeding, or adults of reproductive potential who are not using effective birth control methods.
  • History of noncompliance to medical regimens
  • Unwilling to or unable to comply with the protocol including mandated biopsies

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00831480

United States, Texas
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Linda C. Higgins
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Gilad E. Amiel, MD Baylor College of Medicine

Responsible Party: Linda C. Higgins, Study Contact, Baylor College of Medicine Identifier: NCT00831480     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: H-23409
First Posted: January 29, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 21, 2016
Last Update Posted: March 21, 2016
Last Verified: December 2014
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Keywords provided by Linda C. Higgins, Baylor College of Medicine:
Renal cell carcinoma
advanced kidney cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Kidney Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents