In-home Telerehabilitation for Quadriplegic Hand Function (SCI-IHT)
- To evaluate improvements in hand function in stable, cervical spinal cord injured (SCI) subjects treated with functional electrical stimulation (FES)-assisted exercise;
- To compare the information obtained from existing qualitative and quantitative hand function tests with newly developed tests of sensorimotor performance.
- the performance of tasks representative of activities of daily living (ADL) will improve with daily tele-supervised exercise of the affected hand.
- The improvements will be greater in one exercise protocol than the other, the protocols being a) FES-assisted exercise on a workstation, b) cyclical FES, weight training and precision tasks.
- Scores derived from quantitative data obtained from sensors on the workstation will correlate with the qualitative scores of the primary outcome measure, the ARAT hand function test.
|Spinal Cord Injury Quadriplegia Tetraplegia||Procedure: Telerehabilitation of hand function Procedure: Conventional exercise therapy||Phase 2 Phase 3|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Outcome Evaluation of Exercise and Electrical Therapy for Quadriplegic Hand Function|
- Action Research Arm Test [ Time Frame: every 2 weeks during therapy ]
- Transcranial magnetic stimulation [ Time Frame: every 2 weeks during therapy ]
|Study Start Date:||May 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Telerehabilitation of hand function
Intervention: for one hour per day participants perform exercise therapy on a home-based tele-rehabilitation workstation, the Rehabilitation Joystick for Computerized Exercise (ReJoyce) with which participants play computer games associated with activities of daily life. A remote therapist coaches each one-hour session over the Internet, with the use of the ReJoyce tele-rehabilitation system. Hand grasp-release is assisted with functional electrical stimulation (FES) triggered voluntarily by the participant with the use of a wireless earpiece with a sensor that detects toothclicks.
Procedure: Telerehabilitation of hand function
6 weeks, 1 hr/day FES-assisted exercise therapy on a workstation, supervised over the Internet.
Active Comparator: Conventional exercise therapy
Intervention: for one hour per day participants perform conventional range-of-motion tasks with a wristlet weight (20 min), precision tasks with a computer mouse (20 min) and receive cyclical electrical stimulation of hand muscles (20 with the use of the ReJoyce tele-rehabilitation min). A remote therapist coaches each one-hour session A remote therapist coaches each one-hour session over the Internet, with the use of the ReJoyce tele-rehabilitation system.
Procedure: Conventional exercise therapy
For one hour per day subjects perform range-of-motion tasks with a wristlet weight (20 min), precision tasks with a computer mouse (20 min) and receive cyclical electrical stimulation of hand muscles (20 min).
Chronic C5, 6 or 7 SCI subjects who have sustained a cervical SCI resulting in complete or incomplete quadriplegia. Time since injury at least one year at time of entry to study. Subjects may have a complete or an incomplete injury but must demonstrate loss of finger grasp and release as well as loss of thumb lateral (key) pinch bilaterally or unilaterally. Subjects must be stable neurologically and medically, cognitively intact, and willing and able to attend the requisite appointments for participation in the study.
Two treatments, each delivered 1 hour per day, five days a week over six weeks are given in a randomized order.
Subjects perform 1 hour per day of FES-assisted hand exercises on an instrumented exercise workstation in their homes, supervised remotely over the Internet. Four manipulanda in the workstation are used per exercise session. Each manipulandum is an object such as a spring-loaded doorknob, representing a task of daily life. As their motor skills improve over consecutive sessions, subjects are presented with manipulanda of increasing difficulty. A muscle stimulator garment is provided to each subject for FES-assisted exercise (Prochazka et al. 1997b). Hand opening and closing are wirelessly triggered from an earpiece that detects small voluntary tooth-clicks. The stimulator system is CSA-approved.
Treatment B Subjects perform the following tasks 1 hour per day in their homes, supervised remotely over the Internet.
- 20 minutes of weight training: range of motion (ROM) movements while wearing a wristlet, the weight of which is selected so as to reduce the ROM at maximum effort by about 50%.
- 20 minutes of accuracy training using a large computer mouse to play simple and enjoyable computer games that provide subjects with feedback on their performance.
- 20 minutes of therapeutic electrical stimulation (TES). This consists of ON-OFF cyclical stimulation of hand muscles with the stimulator garment, e.g. while subjects watch TV.
The outcome measures are tested at 2-week intervals and require visits to the Center for Neuroscience at the University of Alberta. A maximum of CDN$2,000 is available to reimburse participants' travel and accommodation costs.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00656149
|Centre for Neuroscience, University of Alberta|
|Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6C1M8|
|Principal Investigator:||Arthur Prochazka||University of Alberta|