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Brief Counseling to Reduce Injuries Among Emergency Department Patients Who Report Alcohol and Substance Use

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00547963
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified October 2008 by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : October 23, 2007
Last Update Posted : October 8, 2008
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of two brief counseling sessions delivered to emergency department (ED) patients who report conjoint alcohol and marijuana use, in reducing injuries and other negative consequences, in comparison to an assessment only group.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alcohol Drinking Marijuana Smoking Behavioral: brief counseling Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Alcohol and substance use remain a significant predictor of injuries, health and psychosocial consequences.

ED patients who were not being treated for critical conditions were asked about their use of alcohol and marijuana. Patients who self-reported the use of both substances were asked to participate in the study.

Recruited participants were given a baseline assessment and then randomized a treatment or a control condition. The treatment condition consisted of two 40 minute sessions of brief counseling. The first session took place in the ED the second session occurred within two weeks of being seen in the ED.

Participants completed assessments three and twelve months after being recruited in the ED. The primary dependent variables for this study are 12 month injuries and self-reported levels of negative life consequences associated with alcohol and marijuana use.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 554 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Reducing Injury, ETOH and THC Use Among ED Patients
Study Start Date : December 2003
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Alcohol Marijuana

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
two brief counseling sessions delivered to ED patients who report conjoint alcohol and marijuana use
Behavioral: brief counseling
baseline assessment + two 40 minute sessions of brief counseling




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Substance use; injuries, alcohol and marijuana negative consequences [ Time Frame: 3 and 12 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mediators and moderators of treatment efficacy [ Time Frame: 3 and 12 months ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and female outpatients 18 years of age or older.
  • Participants will have a current DSM-IV diagnosis of alcohol dependence.
  • Participants will have signed a witnessed informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants who meet current DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, dementia, or a psychological disorder requiring medication.
  • Participants who have had more than seven days of inpatient treatment for substance use disorders in the 30 days previous to randomization.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00547963


Locations
United States, Rhode Island
Injury Prevention Center, Rhode Island Hospital, Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02903
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Janette Baird, PhD Injury Prevention Center, Rhode Island Hospital, Brown University

Responsible Party: Janette Baird, PhD, Injury Prevention Center, Rhode Island Hospital, Brown University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00547963     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NIAAA-BAI-013709
NIH Grant number 5R01AA013709
First Posted: October 23, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 8, 2008
Last Verified: October 2008

Keywords provided by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA):
Alcohol Drinking
Marijuana Smoking
Substance Use
Emergency Department (ED)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Marijuana Abuse
Alcohol Drinking
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Drinking Behavior