Problem Solving Training and Low Vision Rehabilitation

This study has been completed.
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Alabama at Birmingham Identifier:
First received: September 21, 2007
Last updated: February 17, 2016
Last verified: February 2016
Vision loss can result in feelings of frustration, helplessness, anxiety, depression, and anger, which compromise a person's activities of everyday living. While emotional distress may resolve in some persons without intervention, unmanaged and persistent distress places the person at risk for continued decrements in health status and the potential development of more severe conditions (i.e., depression, poor health outcomes). Persons with low vision will be recruited and randomly assigned to either an innovative, problem-solving training (PST) intervention group designed specifically for persons with low vision or a sham intervention/control group. Primary and secondary outcomes will be assessed at baseline prior to intervention and at 3 month follow-up, 7 month follow-up, 12 month follow-up, and 24 month follow-up by a research interviewer masked to participants' randomization. This project will: (1) demonstrate how specified physical and emotional outcomes of persons with low vision change across time, (2) evaluate the effectiveness of a PST intervention that will be delivered to persons with low vision; and (3) identify persons with low vision who are at risk for adverse emotional and health outcomes.

Condition Intervention
Low Vision
Behavioral: problem-solving training
Behavioral: sham intervention

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Problem Solving Training and Low Vision Rehabilitation

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Alabama at Birmingham:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) [ Time Frame: baseline, 3months, 6 months, 12 months, 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 430
Study Start Date: October 2007
Study Completion Date: December 2015
Primary Completion Date: December 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Behavioral: problem-solving training
Sham Comparator: 2
Attention Control
Behavioral: sham intervention


Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • +19 yrs of age
  • Underwent a low vision rehabilitation initial eye exam
  • No more than 2 errors on cognitive on cognitive screening measure (SPBS)
  • Must have access to telephone
  • No significant hearing problems
  • No significant communication problems
  • Speaks fluent English
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00545220

United States, Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Alabama at Birmingham
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Principal Investigator: Laura Dreer, PhD University of Alabama at Birmingham
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of Alabama at Birmingham Identifier: NCT00545220     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: X060817006  5K23EY017327-02 
Study First Received: September 21, 2007
Last Updated: February 17, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board
United States: Federal Government

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Vision, Low
Eye Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Sensation Disorders
Signs and Symptoms
Vision Disorders processed this record on May 26, 2016