Facilitating Aftercare for Alcohol Detox Patients
|Alcohol Abuse Alcohol Dependence||Behavioral: Motivation Enhancement Therapy (MET) Behavioral: Peer-Twelve Step Facilitation (P-TSF)|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Helping Alcoholics Link to Substance Abuse Treatment Programs After Being in the Hospital for Detoxification|
- Linkage to Alcohol Behavioral Therapy Counseling (i.e., "Aftercare") [ Time Frame: 1 month ]Linkage to alcohol behavioral therapy counseling (i.e., "aftercare") was defined as: arriving for the first outpatient chemical dependency counseling visit, being admitted to an inpatient or residential chemical dependency treatment facility, or attending at least one meeting of a help-help program such as Alcoholics Anonymous.
- Relapse to Drinking [ Time Frame: 30 days ]Relapse to drinking was defined as the consumption of one or more standard drinks (approximately 12 grams of ethanol)during the first 30 days following discharge from the inpatient detoxification unit. The date of discharge was considered to be "Day 1."
- Completed Inpatient Treatment [ Time Frame: 90 days ]Completion of inpatient treatment was defined as being admitted to and successfully discharged from an inpatient alcohol treatment program (e.g., a "28-day program"). Participants who left the inpatient program "against medical advice" or who received an "administrative discharge" were not considered to have successfully completed the inpatient program.
|Study Start Date:||July 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
No Intervention: Treatment As Usual (TAU)
Treatment as Usual (TAU): Participants randomized to this arm will receive "usual care" (i.e., pharmacotherapy to manage alcohol withdrawal, counseling and referral to treatment or self-help) during medically managed inpatient detoxification.
Experimental: Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET)
Participants randomized to this arm will receive "usual care" (i.e., pharmacotherapy to manage alcohol withdrawal, counseling and referral to treatment or self-help) during inpatient detoxification plus a 60-minute Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET) session delivered by a trained professional.
Behavioral: Motivation Enhancement Therapy (MET)
Participants assigned to this arm will receive a 60-minute MET intervention in addition to "usual care" while hospitalized for detoxification.
Other Name: Brief Intervention
Experimental: Peer-delivered Twelve Step Facilitation
Participants randomized to this arm will receive "usual care" (i.e., pharmacotherapy to manage alcohol withdrawal, counseling and referral to treatment or self-help) during inpatient detoxification plus a 60-minute Peer-delivered Twelve Step Facilitation (P-TSF)session delivered by individuals from a common self-help program.
Behavioral: Peer-Twelve Step Facilitation (P-TSF)
In addition to "usual care" while hospitalized for detoxification, participants assigned to this arm will receive a 60-minute visit by peers who are "recovering from alcoholism" and who are active in 12-step oriented self-help programs.
Other Name: "12th Step Calls"
For those with an alcohol use disorder, the decision to seek detoxification treatment often represents a desire or willingness to change drinking behavior. This gives clinicians with the opportunity to intervene and improve the lives of these individuals. Even patients admitted involuntarily or who have been coerced may be amenable to change. Therefore, inpatient alcohol detoxification treatment offers an opportunity to prepare these patients for and link them with aftercare treatment.
Unfortunately, clinicians have little to guide them on how the current standard of care for alcohol detoxification might be improved. Improvement in clinical practice is ideally driven by clinical research, but there is little recent published information to guide the development of evidence-based pharmacological or psychological practices or interventions in detoxification settings. As a result, alcohol detoxification treatment has changed little over the past 25 years.
Taken as a whole, the literature suggests that the outcomes of inpatient detoxification are less than optimal. A limited number of published studies suggest that a majority of these patients are not linked to any aftercare following inpatient detoxification treatment and return to drinking within a few weeks of hospital discharge. However, there is some evidence to suggest that interventions, performed while the patient is hospitalized, could encourage patients to initiate involvement in aftercare (i.e., professional treatment and/or mutual self-help following hospitalization) and to decrease drinking or initiate abstinence. Motivational Enhancement Therapy and Twelve-Step Facilitation are two interventions that show promise.
The study proposed in this study addresses this issue by testing two brief interventions, Motivation Enhancement Therapy (MET) and Peer-Twelve Step Facilitation (P-TSF, also known as "12th Step Calls"), which have shown potential to enhance initiation of a period of abstinence and engagement in treatment and/or self-help programs among alcohol detoxification patients.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00513708
|United States, New York|
|Erie County Medical Center|
|Buffalo, New York, United States, 14215|
|Principal Investigator:||Richard D. Blondell, MD||State University of New York at Buffalo|