Evaluation of the Safety and Efficacy of Nipent, Cytoxan, and Rituxan
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Single-Center, Open-Label Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Nipent, Cytoxan, and Rituxan ("PCR") in the Treatment of Previously Untreated and Treated, Stage III or IV, Low-Grade B-Cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma or Bulky Lymphoma|
- Participant Response Rate According to the International Working Group (IWG) Response Criteria for Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL), Cheson 1999 [ Time Frame: Evaluated after treatment in Cycles 3, 6 and 9 (1 Cycle = 21 Days), up to 7 months ]Number of participants with response out of total treated participants using IWG defined 6 categories based on IWG 1999 Response Criteria for NHL of efficacy response or nonresponse to treatment in non-Hodgkins lymphoma (NHL): complete remission (CR), complete remission/unconfirmed (CRu), partial remission (PR), stable disease (SD). CR: is a complete disappearance of all disease with the exception of nodes. No new lesions. Previously enlarged organs must have regressed and not be palpable. Bone marrow(BM) must be negative if positive at baseline. Normalization of markers. CR Unconfirmed (CRU) does not qualify for CR above, due to a residual nodal mass or an indeterminate BM. PR: is a 50% decrease in the sum of the products of diameters (SPD) for up to 6 identified dominant lesions, including spleenic and hepatic nodules from baseline. No new lesions. SD: participants who have achieved less than a PR but who have not developed findings consistent with progressive disease.
- Number of Participants With Complete Response (CR)/Complete Response Unconfirmed (CRu) With Low-grade Lymphoma (N=83) After 6-9 Cycles of PCR Therapy [ Time Frame: 9 cycles of 21 days, up to 7 months ]Number of participants with response according to the International Working Group (IWG) anatomic criteria for assessing six categories of efficacy response or nonresponse to treatment in non-Hodgkins lymphoma (NHL): complete remission (CR), complete remission/unconfirmed (CRu), partial remission (PR), stable disease (SD), relapsed disease (RD), and progressive disease (PD). Response was assessed after 3, 6, and 9 cycles of therapy.
- 3-Year Progression-Free Survival [ Time Frame: PFS assessed 7 days prior to every cycle and then every 3 months after off-treatment for one year, every 6 months for second year, then once on third year ]Progression-free survival (PFS) was defined as time from initiation of therapy to progression of disease or death, whichever occurred first. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate PFS.
|Study Start Date:||June 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Cytoxan + Rituxan + Nipent
Cytoxan 600 mg/m^2 on Day 1 of 21-day cycle. Rituxan 375 mg/m^2 on Day 1 of 21 Day Cycle. Nipent 4 mg/m^2 on Day 1 of 21 Day Cycle.
600 mg/m^2 on Day 1 of 21-day cycle.
Other Names:Drug: Nipent
4 mg/m^2 on Day 1 of 21 Day Cycle.
Other Names:Drug: Rituxan
375 mg/m^2 on Day 1 of 21 Day Cycle.
Other Name: Rituximab
All of the drugs [Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Rituxan (rituximab) and Nipent (pentostatin)] in this study are commonly used in the treatment of this cancer. However, using these drugs in combination is investigational.
Before you can start treatment on this study, you will have what are called "screening tests". These tests will help the doctor decide if you are eligible to take part in the study. You will have a complete medical history and physical exam. You will have blood collected (around 2-3 tablespoons) for routine tests. You will have a chest x-ray and CT scans of the chest, abdomen (stomach), and pelvis (waist area). Tumors will be measured using x-rays. You will have a sample of bone marrow collected. To collect a bone marrow sample, an area of the hip or chest bone is numbed with anesthetic and a small amount of bone marrow is withdrawn through a large needle. If your doctor feels it is necessary, you may also have lymph node biopsy samples taken for special tests. Women who are able to have children must have a negative blood or urine pregnancy test.
During treatment you will be given a combination of three drugs in a 21 day (3 weeks) cycle. All drugs will be given through a needle in a vein over 4-6 hours. You will receive pentostatin first, then rituximab, and lastly cyclophosphamide. For each treatment cycle cyclophosphamide, rituximab, and pentostatin will be given on Day 1, followed by 20 days of rest.
During treatment, you will have around 2-3 tablespoons of blood collected at least once a week for routine tests. You will also provide a urine sample for routine urine tests. Depending on how the disease responds, treatment may be stopped after 3, 6, or 9 cycles. You will be taken off treatment if your disease gets worse. If your treatment is delayed for more than 2 weeks due to any side effect related to the treatment or for more than 3 weeks for any reason, you will be taken off of this study. If your doctor feels that you are having serious or intolerable side effects that are not improved by standard supportive care methods (such as medicine to control nausea or a transfusion to treat anemia) you will be taken off of this study.
After Cycles 3, 6, and 9, tumors will be measured using x-rays or other scans (CT or MRI). Bone marrow samples will be taken if they are needed to find out if the drug combination is working to control your disease.
The maximum number of cycles that you can receive is 9. If you wish to continue using this drug treatment, and it is beneficial to do so, you may continue to receive these drugs. However, these drugs are commercially available, so you will be financially responsible for the cost of these drugs.
After you receive the last cycle of chemotherapy, your doctor will decide your schedule of follow-up exams. You will have follow-up exams every 3 months for one year, every 6 months for 2nd year, then once after 1 year. During these exams, you will have a chest x-ray and CT scans of the chest, abdomen (stomach), and pelvis (waist area). You will also have blood collected (2-3 tablespoons) for routine tests.
This is an investigational study. All of the study drugs are approved by the FDA for cancer treatment and are commercially available. However, the use of the drugs in combination is investigational. Up to 100 patients will take part in this study. All enrolled will be at M. D. Anderson.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00496873
|United States, Texas|
|University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Felipe Samaniego, MD||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|