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Repair of Orthodontically-induced Tooth Root Resorption by Ultrasound

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified January 2013 by University of Alberta, Graduate Orthodontic Program.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tarek El-Bialy, University of Alberta, Graduate Orthodontic Program Identifier:
First received: January 16, 2007
Last updated: January 20, 2013
Last verified: January 2013

Tooth-root resorption, also known as shortening or erosion,(TRR) is one of the adverse outcomes of dental trauma, orthodontic tooth movement and dental replantation/transplantation. Orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR) is somewhat different from other types of TRR. The treatment protocol of teeth diagnosed with severe OIIRR or other forms of TRR always involves root canal treatment or extraction of these teeth in severe cases and prosthetic replacement. Sometimes teeth with minor TRR may stay for an extended period of time with compromised bite functions. Although several trials have been proposed to minimize or prevent TRR or OIIRR, none is capable of being used in clinical situation to treat TRR or OIIRR in humans except for Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound (LIPUS). However, research examining the use of LIPUS to treat OIIRR has been limited to simple orthodontic tooth tipping. In reality, tooth movement is a combination of different types of tooth movements, namely tipping, bodily, rotational, torque, intrusion and extrusion tooth movements. However, the literature have pointed out that torque tooth movement, especially when the root apices are torques against cortical plates of bone produces the most dramatic type of tooth root resorption with poor prognosis. Our long-term goal is to develop a standard protocol for treating severe tooth root resorption with poor prognosis in humans, regardless of origin. Our preliminary data demonstrates that LIPUS can produce healing of OIIRR in humans after simple tipping movement, this was confirmed by an in-vitro study on isolated cementoblasts. The objective of the present proposal is to evaluate the effect of different treatment protocols of LIPUS on the healing process of orthodontically induced tooth-root resorption due to torque (Complex)type of tooth movement in humans.

The study Hypotheses are (I) LIPUS treatment for 20 minutes per day for 4 weeks will be effective in repairing OIIRR due to torque tooth movement.

(II) The stimulatory effect of LIPUS to repair OIIRR due to torque tooth movement than LIPUS treatment is dose and time dependent.

Condition Intervention Phase
Root Resorption
Procedure: Repairing Induced tooth root resorption by ultrasound
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Repair of Orthodontically-induced Tooth Root Resorption by Ultrasound in Human Subjects

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Alberta, Graduate Orthodontic Program:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Evaluation of the effect of LIPUS on OITRR [ Time Frame: Four weeks ]
  • Teeth Root length [ Time Frame: four weeks ]
  • Root resorption lacunae number and volume [ Time Frame: Four weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Study the effect of LIPUS on alveolar bone remodeling [ Time Frame: Four weeks ]
  • Rate of tooth movement [ Time Frame: Rate of tooth movement at the time of extraction ]
    Teeth position before and after treatment will be measured to evaluate the possible effect of ultrasound on tooth movement.

Estimated Enrollment: 72
Study Start Date: January 2007
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Sham Comparator: Sham Comparator
One side is experimental and the opposite side is Sham control.
Procedure: Repairing Induced tooth root resorption by ultrasound
Repairing Induced tooth root resorption by ultrasound

Detailed Description:
For each patient, specially designed springs will be used to achieve standard torque orthodontic tooth movement of the first premolars to induce OIIRR. The first molars will be stabilized, using a special appliance to help movement of the premolars. This type of appliance design has been used for many years in similar clinical trials by many researchers and has received wide acceptability without reported problems to the teeth during the experimental period. Ultrasound will be applied for twenty minutes per day, starting the day the springs are activated, for four weeks, using an ultrasound device (Exogen Inc., West Caldwell, NJ, USA). Only the first premolar will be receiving ultrasound. The patients will be instructed on how to have the ultrasound transducer. The non LIPUS treated premolars will be receiving sham transducers. A visual analogue scale will be provided to the patients to record any pain or discomfort that the patient might experience during or after application of ultrasound. It is expected that there will be no evidence of any deleterious effect on the intervening soft tissue as we did not informed with any discomfort experienced by the patients in our preliminary study. After four or eight weeks of LIPUS treatment, the springs will be removed, and the first premolars will be extracted, using a non-traumatic technique. The extracted teeth will be fixed, and studied by μ-CT then they will be processed to be analyzed histomorphometrically

Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 28 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All the root apices of the experimental premolars should be completed.
  • All experimental premolars should be sound and have no history of trauma/caries or root canal therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with incomplete experimental premolars' apices.
  • 2- Any patient with experimental premolars that have a history of trauma/caries or root canal therapy.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00423956

Contact: Dr. Tarek H El-Bialy, PhD 1-780-492-2751

Canada, Alberta
University of Alberta, Graduate Orthodontic program Recruiting
Edmonton,, Alberta, Canada, T6G 2N8
Contact: Dr. Tarek H El-Bialy, PhD    780-492-2751   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Alberta, Graduate Orthodontic Program
Study Chair: Dr. Tarek H El-Bialy, PhD University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
  More Information

Responsible Party: Tarek El-Bialy, Associate Professor, University of Alberta, Graduate Orthodontic Program Identifier: NCT00423956     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 6203
Study First Received: January 16, 2007
Last Updated: January 20, 2013

Keywords provided by University of Alberta, Graduate Orthodontic Program:
Teeth root resorption, ultrasound, therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Root Resorption
Tooth Resorption
Tooth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases processed this record on May 23, 2017