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DT388IL3 Fusion Protein in Treating Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia or Myelodysplastic Syndromes

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00397579
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 9, 2006
Results First Posted : April 23, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 23, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Combinations of biological substances in DT388IL3 fusion protein may be able to carry cancer killing substances directly to the cancer cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of DT388IL3 fusion protein and to see how well it works in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndromes.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Myelodysplastic Syndromes Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Neoplasm Drug: DT388IL3 Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose of DT_388IL3 fusion protein in patients with refractory or relapsed or poor-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).
  • Define the dose-limiting toxicities of this regimen in these patients.
  • Measure the pharmacokinetics of this regimen in these patients.
  • Measure the immune responses in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Evaluate response and correlate with disease type (relapsed/refractory or poor-risk de novo AML or high-risk MDS), pretreatment marrow blast percentage, and leukemia blast interleukin-3 receptor density.

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, multicenter, dose-escalation study followed by a phase II, open-label study.

  • Phase I: Patients receive DT_388IL3 IV over 15 minutes daily for 5 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of DT_388IL3 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

  • Phase II: An additional 15 patients receive DT_388IL3 at the MTD as in phase I. Patients undergo serum and blast collection periodically for laboratory studies, including analysis of expression of interleukin-3 receptors and anti-DT_388IL3 antibodies at baseline. Samples are also analyzed by immunoenzyme assays and flow cytometry.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for up to 5 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 50 patients will be accrued for this study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 11 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Therapy Targeting the Interleukin-3 Receptor (IL3R) for Patients With Relapsed or Refractory and Elderly or Poor-Risk Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) or High-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome With DTIL3 (IND# 11314): a Phase I/II Clinical Trial
Study Start Date : May 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 27, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : July 27, 2017


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: SL-401
Patients will be treated with a maximum of five doses of approximately 15min IV infusions of DT388IL3/SL-401 over a ten day period at a maximum of once daily.
Drug: DT388IL3
Intravenously via a 3 cc plastic syringe as a 15 minute bolus infusion daily for five days.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Response Rate (CR+PR+SD): Percentage of Participants Experiencing Response [ Time Frame: From date of randomization until the date of first documented progression or date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 2 months ]

    Patients will be treated with a maximum of five doses of approximately 15min IV infusions of DT388IL3/SL-401 over a ten day period at a maximum of once daily.

    Response to Treatment will be evaluated as follows:

    Complete response (CR): patient has a normal whole blood count; platelets with absent blasts in peripheral blood or marrow; no evidence of nodal involvement or liver/spleen involvement; no skin lesion involvement.

    Partial Response (PR); patient experiences a decrease of 50% or more in marrow blasts and skin lesions; and there is a decrease in the size of the nodes/liver/spleen.

    Stable Disease (SD); failure to achieve at least PR, and there is no evidence of progression for 2 months.

    Failure: death during treatment or disease progression characterized by an increase in the percentage bone marrow blast or an increase in skin or node/liver or spleen size.

    Reported is the percentage of participants experiencing either CR, PR or SD.




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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosis of 1 of the following:

    • Histologically or morphologically confirmed acute myeloid leukemia (AML), meeting 1 of the following criteria:

      • Relapsed or refractory AML after treatment with ≥ 1 prior conventional induction therapy

        • Patients in early first relapse must not have a matched donor available and/or be ineligible for allogeneic stem cell transplantation
      • Poor-risk AML, as defined by any of the following criteria:

        • Treatment-related AML, unless associated with favorable cytogenetics (e.g., inversion 16, t[16;16], t[8;21], t[15;17]), and ineligible for stem cell transplantation
        • Antecedent hematological disease (e.g., myelodysplastic syndromes, myelofibrosis, or polycythemia vera) that evolved to AML (≥ 20% blasts) and ineligible for stem cell transplantation
        • De novo AML (must be > 70 years of age)
        • AML with unfavorable cytogenetics (e.g., abnormalities of chromosomes -7, -5, 7q-, or 5q-; complex [≥ 3] abnormalities; or abnormalities of 11q23, excluding t[9;11], t[9;22], inversion 3, t[3;3], and t[6;9]), regardless of age, and ineligible for allogeneic stem cell transplantation
    • High-risk myelodysplastic syndromes diagnosed by morphologic, histochemical, or cell surface marker criteria

      • Resistant or intolerant to chemotherapy
      • Ineligible for or unwilling to undergo immediate allogeneic stem cell transplantation
  • Bone marrow index (i.e., percent cellularity × percent blasts) ≤ 40% at time of treatment
  • No active CNS leukemia

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
  • ALT and AST < 2.5 times upper limit of normal
  • Albumin ≥ 3 mg/dL
  • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
  • LVEF ≥ 50%
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 2 weeks after completion of study treatment
  • No complicated medical or psychiatric problems that would preclude study compliance
  • No concurrent serious uncontrolled infection or disseminated intravascular coagulation
  • No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
  • No allergies to diphtheria toxin
  • No requirement for oxygen

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No other concurrent antineoplastic drugs
  • No concurrent radiotherapy
  • No concurrent corticosteroids as antiemetics
  • No concurrent hematopoietic growth factors (e.g., epoetin alfa, interleukin-11, filgrastim [G-CSF], or sargramostim [GM-CSF])
  • No concurrent intravenous immunoglobins

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00397579


Locations
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United States, Texas
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Arthur E. Frankel, MD UT Southwestern Medical Center
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00397579    
Other Study ID Numbers: STU 012013-061
First Posted: November 9, 2006    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 23, 2019
Last Update Posted: April 23, 2019
Last Verified: March 2019
Keywords provided by University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center:
adult acute myeloid leukemia with 11q23 (MLL) abnormalities
adult acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(15;17)(q22;q12)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22)
recurrent adult acute myeloid leukemia
secondary acute myeloid leukemia
untreated adult acute myeloid leukemia
de novo myelodysplastic syndromes
previously treated myelodysplastic syndromes
secondary myelodysplastic syndromes
blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm
plasmacytoid dendritic cell leukemia
CD123+
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Preleukemia
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Syndrome
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions