Rituximab and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00335140|
Recruitment Status : Terminated (slow accrual)
First Posted : June 8, 2006
Results First Posted : June 28, 2017
Last Update Posted : June 28, 2017
RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some find cancer cells and kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. Others interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as methotrexate, leucovorin, vincristine, procarbazine, dexamethasone, and cytarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving rituximab together with combination chemotherapy may kill more cancer cells.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving rituximab together with combination chemotherapy works in treating patients with primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Lymphoma||Biological: Rituximab Drug: Cytarabine Drug: Dexamethasone Drug: Leucovorin Drug: Methotrexate Drug: Procarbazine Drug: Vincristine||Phase 2|
- Determine the complete response rate.
- Determine the progression-free survival of these patients.
- Determine the proportion of progression-free and overall survival in these patients.
- Determine rituximab cerebrospinal fluid pharmacokinetics (only in patients requiring intrathecal chemotherapy).
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.
Patients receive rituximab IV 3 times weekly in weeks 1-4; high-dose methotrexate IV over 2 hours in weeks 1, 3, 5, and 9; oral or IV leucovorin calcium every 6 hours for 12 doses beginning 24 hours after the start of methotrexate in weeks 1, 3, 5, and 9; vincristine IV in weeks 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9; oral procarbazine hydrochloride daily on days 1-7 in weeks 1, 5, and 9; oral dexamethasone daily in weeks 1-6; and cytarabine IV over 2 hours twice weekly in weeks 11 and 14.
Patients with positive cerebrospinal fluid also receive methotrexate intrathecally and oral leucovorin calcium every 12 hours for 8 doses beginning 24 hours after the start of methotrexate in weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for 5 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 43 patients will be accrued for this study.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||26 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Phase II Study of Rituximab Given in Conjunction With Standard Chemotherapy in Primary Central Nervous System (CNS) Lymphoma|
|Study Start Date :||December 2006|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||July 2015|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||July 2015|
Experimental: Rituximab + standard chemotherapy
Rituximab + high dose methotrexate, leucovorin, vincristine, procarbazine, dexamethasone, and cytarabine. Patients with meningeal involvement will receive additional methotrexate and leucovorin.
Rituximab is administered intravenously. The initial rate is 50 mg/hr for the first hour. If no toxicity is seen, the rate may be escalated gradually in 50 mg/hour increments at 30-minute intervals to a maximum of 300 mg/hr. If the first dose is well tolerated, the initial rate for subsequent dose is 100 mg/hr, increased gradually in 100 mg/hr increments at 30-minute intervals, not to exceed 400 mg/hr.
Other Name: Rituxan
3 g/m2/day in 500 cc D5W IV over 2 hrs. x 2 doses 24hrs. apart, Weeks 11, 14
16mg (week 1) PO daily Weeks 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 Taper by 4 mg/wk, weeks 2, 3, by 2 mg/wk week 4, 5, 6
25 mg PO/IV every 6 hrs. x 12 doses, Weeks 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 For patients with meningeal involvement additionally 10 mg PO every 12 hrs. x 8 doses, Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10
Other Name: leucovorin calcium
3.5 g/m2In 500 cc D5W + 25 mEq NaHCO3 IV over 2 hours, Weeks 1, 3, 5, 7, 9
For patients with meningeal involvement additionally:
12 mg Intrathecally, in preservative-free sterile .9NS Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 Via Ommaya or lumbar puncture
100 mg/m2 PO daily x 7 days Weeks 1, 5, 9
1.4 mg/m2 IV push, Weeks 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 2m2 (2.8 mg) dose cap
- Complete Response Rate - Locally Reviewed [ Time Frame: For the primary endpoint, complete response will be based on disease status at three weeks post the end of therapy (week 17). ]
Assessed by the ECOG-ACRIN data manager based upon local review of images and data sent by the local sites.
Treatment response was determined by calculating the sum of the maximal cross section in 2 separate axes using enhancing lesion(s) on CT or MRI imaging. The same imaging modality was to be used throughout assessment. Complete response was defined as the disappearance of all contrast enhancing tumor size on CT or MRI, patient was off all glucocorticoids, and resolution of all meningeal and vitreous involvement if present. Response must have lasted at least 4 weeks.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00335140
|Study Chair:||Lode J. Swinnen, MD||Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins|
|Study Chair:||Deborah T. Blumenthal, MD||University of Utah|