Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Severely Depressed Inpatients
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We examined the hypotheses that severely depressed inpatients treated for 5 weeks with IPT-S plus pharmacotherapy have 1) a higher reduction in depressive symptoms and 2) higher response- and remission rates compared to pharmacotherapy plus CM. For the follow-up period (12 months) we hypothesized a better symptomatic and psychosocial longterm outcome and lower rates of relapse for patients initially treated with combination therapy.
Condition or disease
Behavioral: Interpersonal PsychotherapyDrug: sertraline or amitriptyline
A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 124 hospitalized patients with a DSM IV diagnosis of Major Depressive Disorder comparing 5 weeks of Interpersonal Psychotherapy modified for depressed inpatients (IPT-S) plus pharmacotherapy versus medication plus intensive Clinical Management (CM). The study included a prospective, naturalistic follow-up 3- and 12 months after acute treatment in 97 of 105 treatment completers. The 17-item version of the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD) served as the primary outcome measure.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 65 Years (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Major Depression (single episode, recurrent or bipolar II) according to the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM IV (SCID)and a score of ≥ 16 on the 17-item version of the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD)
(1) concurrent diagnosis of bipolar I disorder, primary substance abuse or dependency, mental disorder due to organic factors, and borderline or antisocial personality disorder, (2) psychotic symptoms, (3) severe cognitive impairment, (4) contraindications to the study medication, and (5) being actively suicidal