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Use of Beta Blockers in Elderly Trauma Patients

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified May 2007 by University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: March 14, 2006
Last Update Posted: May 10, 2007
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
American Heart Association
Information provided by:
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Advances in medical care have increased the proportion of elderly Americans and enabled them to remain more physically active. This has resulted in an unprecedented increase in the number of geriatric patients admitted to trauma centers. The elderly constitute 23% of trauma center admissions, but 36% of all trauma deaths. This disproportionately high mortality is attributable to a higher prevalence of pre-existing conditions, particularly, cardiac disease. Multi-system injuries result in critical cardiac stress. Although beta-blockade has been shown to decrease morbidity and mortality in patients at risk for myocardial infarction after elective surgery, their use in trauma patients with potential underlying cardiac disease has not been previously studied. We hypothesize that routine administration of beta-blockers after resuscitation will reduce morbidity and mortality in elderly trauma patients with, or at risk for, underlying cardiac disease.

This study is a randomized, prospective clinical trial. One cohort will receive routine trauma intensive care, and the other, the same care plus beta-blockade after completion of resuscitation. The primary outcome will be mortality. Secondary outcomes include MI, length of stay, organ dysfunction, cardiac, and other complications.

Changes in outcome may not be due to reduction in myocardial oxygen demand and heart rate. Laboratory studies demonstrate that circulating inflammatory cytokines contribute to cardiac risk in trauma patients, and their production is influenced by adrenergic stimulation. We will measure circulating IL-6, TNF alpha, IL-1beta, and measure NF-kB and p38 MAP kinase activation in peripheral blood leukocytes, and determine the effect of beta-blockade on the production of these inflammatory markers.

Finally, the wide variation in patient response to beta-blockers is attributed to genetic variability in the adrenergic receptor. Therefore, we will identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPS) within the beta-adrenergic receptor, and determine their effects on mortality and response to beta-blockade. This study will provide the first randomized, prospective trial designed to reduce morbidity and mortality in elderly trauma patients at risk for cardiac disease. The laboratory and genetic component will provide additional insights that may explain treatment effects, lead to new therapeutic strategies, and have the potential to lead to additional areas of investigation.

Condition Intervention Phase
Multiple Trauma Cardiovascular Diseases Aged Drug: Esmolol Drug: Metoprolol Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: "Effects of Beta-Blockade on Cardiovascular Morbidity and Mortality in Elderly Trauma Patients: A Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial"

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Mortality
  • Cardiovascular Morbidity

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Inflammatory Profile

Estimated Enrollment: 148
Study Start Date: December 2005
Estimated Study Completion Date: September 2008
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Ages Eligible for Study:   55 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All trauma patients admitted to the ICU > 55 years of age with a primary diagnosis of injury will be screened on admission as study candidates.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients will be excluded if they have non-survivable injuries, are receiving comfort care only, have an advanced directive limiting aggressive care, heart block, severe asthma, bradycardia (< 60 bpm), are on beta-blocker therapy, or are having an acute or evolving myocardial infarction.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00302692

Contact: Dara McBride, RN 214 648-7609 mcbride.dara@utsouthwestern.edu

United States, Texas
Parkland Memorial Hospital Recruiting
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75235
Principal Investigator: Randall Friese, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
American Heart Association
Principal Investigator: Randall Friese, MD University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00302692     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AHA 0465044Y
First Submitted: March 10, 2006
First Posted: March 14, 2006
Last Update Posted: May 10, 2007
Last Verified: May 2007

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Wounds and Injuries
Multiple Trauma
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Antihypertensive Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Adrenergic beta-1 Receptor Antagonists
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
Adrenergic Antagonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action