Motexafin Gadolinium in Treating Patients With Glioblastoma Multiforme Who Are Undergoing Radiation Therapy to the Brain

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00032097
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted : February 9, 2009
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Drugs such as motexafin gadolinium may make the tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness motexafin gadolinium in treating patients with glioblastoma multiforme who are undergoing radiation therapy to the brain.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Drug: motexafin gadolinium Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 1

Detailed Description:


  • Determine the toxicity of 2 different schedules of motexafin gadolinium as a radiosensitizer in patients with glioblastoma multiforme receiving cranial radiotherapy.
  • Determine the maximum tolerated doses of this drug on these 2 schedules in these patients.
  • Determine the pharmacokinetic profile of this drug in these patients.
  • Determine the biodistribution of this drug in both neoplastic tissue and normal brain parenchyma in these patients.
  • Determine the effect and accumulation of this drug in both normal brain parenchyma and neoplastic tissue in these patients.
  • Correlate the effect and accumulation of this drug in both normal brain parenchyma and neoplastic tissue with the pharmacokinetics of this drug in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose-escalation study of motexafin gadolinium (PCI-0120). Patients are sequentially assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups.

  • Group I: Patients receive PCI-0120 IV over 30-60 minutes once every other day for 6 weeks. Patients concurrently undergo cranial radiotherapy once daily 5 days a week for 6 weeks.
  • Group II: Patients receive PCI-0120 IV over 30-60 minutes once daily concurrently during radiotherapy. Patients undergo cranial radiotherapy as in group I.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients in each group receive escalating doses of PCI-0120 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Patients are followed at 1 month and then every 2 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 18-30 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Trial To Evaluate Repetitive Intravenous Doses Of Gadolinium-Texaphyrin As A Radiosensitizer In Patients With Glioblastoma Multi Forme
Study Start Date : April 2002

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed supratentorial grade IV astrocytoma

    • Glioblastoma multiforme
    • Previously untreated disease
  • Measurable and contrast-enhancing tumor by MRI after incomplete resection/biopsy



  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • Karnofsky 60-100%

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • WBC at least 3,000/mm^3
  • Absolute granulocyte count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin at least 10 g/dL


  • Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL
  • SGOT/SGPT no greater than 4 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 4 times ULN
  • PT/APTT normal


  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL


  • No uncontrolled hypertension


  • Mini mental state exam score at least 15
  • No history of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency or porphyria
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except curatively treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or carcinoma in situ of the breast
  • No serious infection
  • No other medical illness that would preclude study participation
  • No allergy to MRI contrast (e.g., motexafin gadolinium)
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for up to 2 months after study


Biologic therapy:

  • No prior biologic therapy or immunotherapy for this disease, including any of the following:

    • Immunotoxins
    • Immunoconjugates
    • Antisense therapy
    • Peptide receptor antagonists
    • Interferons
    • Interleukins
    • Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes
    • Lymphokine-activated killer cell therapy
    • Gene therapy


  • No prior chemotherapy for this disease

Endocrine therapy:

  • Must be on a stable corticosteroid regimen (i.e., no increase within 5 days prior to treatment on this protocol)
  • No other prior hormonal therapy for this disease


  • No prior radiotherapy for this disease


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Recovered from prior surgery


  • No other concurrent investigational agents

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00032097

United States, Maryland
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: James L. Pearlman, MD H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute Identifier: NCT00032097     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000069257
First Posted: January 27, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 9, 2009
Last Verified: January 2004

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
adult glioblastoma
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Motexafin gadolinium
Antineoplastic Agents
Photosensitizing Agents
Dermatologic Agents