Risk of Post Transfusion Hepatitis C Virus Infection

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005339
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted : February 18, 2016
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Brief Summary:
To determine the risk of transfusion-transmitted hepatitis C virus (HCV) in cardiac surgery patients before and after donor screening for anti-HCV and surrogate markers of non-A, non-B hepatitis (NANBH). Also, to characterize donors who were HCV seronegative and who lacked surrogate markers at the time of donation, but whose recipient seroconverted to HCV.

Condition or disease
Hepatitis, Viral, Human Blood Transfusion Blood Donors

Detailed Description:


In the early 1990s, posttransfusion NANBH, mainly caused by HCV, was the most common serious complication of transfusions, occurring in 2-5 percent of transfusion recipients. About 50 percent of those infected developed chronic hepatitis, of whom, 10 to 20 percent developed cirrhosis. Hepatocellular carcinoma had been reported to occur in some. This study provided the first evaluation of the effectiveness of donor screening for anti-HCV by the then recently licensed HCV antibody test and surrogate markers of NANBH. It also provided a precise estimate of the risk of transfusion-transmitted HCV. The results allowed examination of risk factors for HCV infected donors who were seronegative at the time of donation.


The study was a nonconcurrent prospective, seroepidemiologic study. To estimate the incidence of HCV infection, six-month postoperative serum samples were tested for antibody to HCV. Preoperative samples corresponding to positive postoperative sera were also tested. The donors of a patient who received blood screened for HCV, i.e., a donation since May, 1990, and seroconverted in the six months since transfusion were located and retested for antibodies to HCV. The donors were administered a questionnaire designed to ascertain risk factors for HCV infection. A sample of donors who were HCV positive at the time of donation were given the same questionnaire. Comparison of these three groups of donors (i.e., seropositives, donors tested negative but implicated in seroconversion, seronegatives) allowed an investigation of factors associated with false negative screening results. Analytical methods included standard methods for contingency tables and both conditional and unconditional logistic regression.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

Study Type : Observational
Study Start Date : February 1992
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2004

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria

Publications: Identifier: NCT00005339     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4201
R01HL045333 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 26, 2000    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 18, 2016
Last Verified: June 2000

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Virus Diseases