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Epidemiology of Sleep Apnea Syndrome

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005286
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted : January 15, 2016
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information provided by:
University of New Mexico

Brief Summary:
To define the prevalence of Sleep Apnea Syndrome (SAS) in a community-based sample of Hispanic adults.

Condition or disease
Lung Diseases Sleep Apnea Syndromes

Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

The Sleep Apnea Syndrome consists of sleep-induced disturbances of breathing and breathing-induced disturbances of sleep. Symptoms of pathologic sleepiness and, less commonly, frequent awakenings and light sleep reflect the fragmentation of sleep by repeated respiration-related arousals. Snoring, intermittent choking, and nocturnal dyspnea reflect varying degrees of upper airway obstruction associated with Sleep Apnea Syndrome. Observations of breathing during sleep show varying combinations and degrees of periodic breathing, apneas, and hypoxemia. In more severe cases, cardiovascular complications, including systemic and pulmonary hypertension and cardiac arrhythmias, occur. The clinical spectrum thus varies from the asymptomatic patient, to one with chronic cardiac and respiratory failure who is at risk of sudden death. Most patients are disabled by varying degrees of pathologic sleepiness.

The rapid increase of clinical activity with the Sleep Apnea Syndrome created an urgent need for a more complete description of this condition. Clinical descriptions were derived from case series of severely afflicted patients. Limited epidemiologic data, however, indicated that symptoms and objective manifestations of Sleep Apnea Syndrome occurred commonly in the population. It was unknown whether subjects with these findings were unrecognized patients, premorbid individuals at risk, or normal subjects with no special impairments. There was a need to define the frequency of signs and symptoms of Sleep Apnea Syndrome in the general population, and to determine the health effects related to these findings.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

Subjects were recruited from a previous survey, the Belen Health Study, conducted from July 1984 through November 1985. Based on the data of the earlier survey, 421 subjects were identified for recruitment and 275 actually participated. The Belen Health Study questionnaire included items directed at Sleep Apnea Syndrome. Subjects for the sleep study were selected based on responses to the initial questionnaire. For the sleep study, an additional questionnaire was used, as well as new techniques of home monitoring of breathing during sleep, and polysomnography to define the prevalence of symptoms and manifestations of Sleep Apnea Syndrome. An assessment of the health effect of Sleep Apnea Syndrome was made by reference to the demographic, socio-economic, and health data from the Belen Health Study. Diagnostic criteria and the utility of home monitors for clinical diagnosis were also determined.


Study Type : Observational
Study Start Date : April 1986
Study Completion Date : March 1989

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Sleep Apnea
U.S. FDA Resources





Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
No eligibility criteria

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005286     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2007
R01HL034864 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 26, 2000    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 15, 2016
Last Verified: January 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Syndrome
Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Lung Diseases
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Apnea
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic
Dyssomnias
Sleep Wake Disorders
Nervous System Diseases