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Pawtucket Heart Health Program

This study has been completed.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: March 16, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
To conduct a community-based research and demonstration project in cardiovascular disease prevention in the town of Pawtucket, Rhode Island. Targeted risk factors included high blood pressure, elevated blood cholesterol, obesity, cigarette smoking, and sedentary living. To evaluate the program, risk factor surveys on a cross-sectional and cohort basis were conducted along with mortality and morbidity surveillance both in Pawtucket and in the non-intervention comparison town of New Bedford, Massachusetts.

Cardiovascular Diseases Heart Diseases Hypercholesterolemia Hypertension Obesity Cerebrovascular Accident Coronary Disease Atherosclerosis

Study Type: Observational

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: August 1980
Study Completion Date: July 1997
  Show Detailed Description


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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria
  Contacts and Locations
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  More Information

Gans KM, Lapane KL, Lasater TM, Carleton RA. Effects of intervention on compliance to referral and lifestyle recommendations given at cholesterol screening programs. Am J Prev Med. 1994 Sep-Oct;10(5):275-82.
Crowley JP, Metzger J, Assaf A, Carleton RC, Merrill E, Valeri CR. Low density lipoprotein cholesterol and whole blood viscosity. Ann Clin Lab Sci. 1994 Nov-Dec;24(6):533-41.
Derby CA, Hume AL, McPhillips JB, Barbour MM, Carleton RA. Prior and current health characteristics of postmenopausal estrogen replacement therapy users compared with nonusers. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Aug;173(2):544-50.
Carleton RA, Lasater TM, Assaf AR, Feldman HA, McKinlay S. The Pawtucket Heart Health Program: community changes in cardiovascular risk factors and projected disease risk. Am J Public Health. 1995 Jun;85(6):777-85.
Carleton RA, Lasater TM, Assaf AR. The Pawtucket Heart Health Program: progress in promoting health. R I Med. 1995 Mar;78(3):74-7.
Derby CA, Lasater TM, Vass K, Gonzalez S, Carleton RA. Characteristics of smokers who attempt to quit and of those who recently succeeded. Am J Prev Med. 1994 Nov-Dec;10(6):327-34.
Coronary-prone behavior and coronary heart disease: a critical review. The review panel on coronary-prone behavior and coronary heart disease. Circulation. 1981 Jun;63(6):1199-215. Review.
Thompson PD, Funk EJ, Carleton RA, Sturner WQ. Incidence of death during jogging in Rhode Island from 1975 through 1980. JAMA. 1982 May 14;247(18):2535-8.
Siconolfi SF, Cullinane EM, Carleton RA, Thompson PD. Assessing VO2max in epidemiologic studies: modification of the Astrand-Rhyming test. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1982;14(5):335-8.
Carleton RA. Criterion for cholesterol norms--healthy or statistical? Am J Clin Pathol. 1983 Mar;79(3):402.
Carleton RA, Lasater TM. Coronary heart disease and human behavior. Prev Med. 1983 Sep;12(5):610-8.
Siconolfi SF, Carleton RA, Elder JP, Bouchard PA: Hypotension After Exercise and Relaxation. In: Canto RC (Ed), Clinical Sports Medicine, Collamore Press, Lexington, Mass, Chapter 11, 1983
Hume AL, Barbour MM, Willey CJ, Assaf AR, Lapane KL, Carleton RA. Changing trends in antihypertensive therapy in two New England communities during the 1980s. Pharmacotherapy. 1993 May-Jun;13(3):244-51.
McPhillips JB, Eaton CB, Gans KM, Derby CA, Lasater TM, McKenney JL, Carleton RA. Dietary differences in smokers and nonsmokers from two southeastern New England communities. J Am Diet Assoc. 1994 Mar;94(3):287-92.
Reynes JF, Lasater TM, Feldman H, Assaf AR, Carleton RA. Education and risk factors for coronary heart disease: results from a New England community. Am J Prev Med. 1993 Nov-Dec;9(6):365-71.
Assaf AR, Lapane KL, McKenney JL, Carleton RA. Possible influence of the prospective payment system on the assignment of discharge diagnoses for coronary heart disease. N Engl J Med. 1993 Sep 23;329(13):931-5.
Barbour MM, Hume AL, Assaf AR, Carleton RA. The drug data base of the Pawtucket Heart Health Program: development and description. Pharmacotherapy. 1993 May-Jun;13(3):239-43.
Derby CA, Hume AL, Barbour MM, McPhillips JB, Lasater TM, Carleton RA. Correlates of postmenopausal estrogen use and trends through the 1980s in two southeastern New England communities. Am J Epidemiol. 1993 May 15;137(10):1125-35.
Hume AL, Barbour MM, Lapane KL, Assaf AR, Carleton RA. Prevalence and descriptors of aspirin use as an antiplatelet agent in two New England communities. Ann Pharmacother. 1993 Apr;27(4):442-4.
Gans KM, Jack B, Lasater TM, Lefebvre RC, McQuade W, Carleton RA. Changing physicians' attitudes, knowledge, and self-efficacy regarding cholesterol screening and management. Am J Prev Med. 1993 Mar-Apr;9(2):101-6.
McKinlay SM, Kipp DM, Johnson P, Downey K, Carleton RA: A Field Approach for Obtaining Physiological Measures in Surveys of General Populations: Response Rates, Reliability, and Costs. Health Survey Research Methods: Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Health Survey Research Methods. Washington, DC, 1982. DHHS Pub. No. (PHS) 84-3346, 1984
Siconolfi SF, Garber CE, Baptist GD, Cooper FS, Carleton RA. Circulatory effects of mental stress during exercise in coronary artery disease patients. Clin Cardiol. 1984 Aug;7(8):441-4.
Siconolfi SF, Carleton RA, Lasater TM: Relationship Between Physical Activity Questionnaire and Maximal Oxygen Uptake. Circulation, Supplement, October, 1984
Sennett LL, Peterson G, Elder JP, Lasater TM, Carleton RA: A Community-Based Approach to Weight Loss: The Pawtucket 'Weigh-In.' Chapter in Clinical Sports Medicine, Third Edition, Canto RC (Ed), Collamore Press, Lexington, Mass, in Press, 1985
Elder JP, Artz LM, Beaudin P, Carleton RA, Lasater TM, Peterson G, Rodrigues A, Guadagnoli E, Velicer WF. Multivariate evaluation of health attitudes and behaviors: development and validation of a method for health promotion research. Prev Med. 1985 Jan;14(1):34-54.
Siconolfi SF, Lasater TM, McKinlay S, Boggia P, Carleton RA. Physical fitness and blood pressure: the role of age. Am J Epidemiol. 1985 Sep;122(3):452-7.
Siconolfi SF, Lasater TM, Snow RC, Carleton RA. Self-reported physical activity compared with maximal oxygen uptake. Am J Epidemiol. 1985 Jul;122(1):101-5.
Siconolfi SF, Garber CE, Lasater TM, Carleton RA. A simple, valid step test for estimating maximal oxygen uptake in epidemiologic studies. Am J Epidemiol. 1985 Mar;121(3):382-90.
Elder JP, McGraw SA, Lasater TM, Peterson G, Ferreira A, Carleton RA, Longpre H, Harden E: Gemeindeweite Praevention von Herzkrankheitten in den U.S.A.: der Pawtucket-Experiment. Pravention (FRG), 1986
Elder JP, McKenna CA, Lazieh M, Ferreira A, Lasater TM, Carleton RA. The use of volunteers in mass screening for high blood pressure. Am J Prev Med. 1986 Sep-Oct;2(5):268-72.
Schwertfeger R, Elder JP, Cooper R, Lasater TM, Carleton R. The use of telemarketing in the community-wide prevention of heart disease: the Pawtucket Heart Health Program. J Community Health. 1986 Fall;11(3):172-80.
Siconolfi SF, Lasater TM, Elder JP, Garber CE, Carleton RA: Normal Blood Pressure Reactivity to Mental Stress in Borderline Hypertensive Patients. J Cardiac Rehab, 6:383-398, 1986
Lefebvre RC, Peterson GS, McGraw SA, Lasater TM, Sennett L, Kendall L, Carleton RA. Community intervention to lower blood cholesterol: the "Know Your Cholesterol" campaign in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. Health Educ Q. 1986 Summer;13(2):117-29.
Elder JP, McGraw SA, Abrams DB, Ferreira A, Lasater TM, Longpre H, Peterson GS, Schwertfeger R, Carleton RA. Organizational and community approaches to community-wide prevention of heart disease: the first two years of the Pawtucket Heart Health Program. Prev Med. 1986 Mar;15(2):107-17.
Peterson G, Elder JP, Knisley PM, Colby JC, Beaudin P, DeBlois D, Carleton RA. Developing strategies for food vendor intervention: the first step. J Am Diet Assoc. 1986 May;86(5):659-61.
Peterson GS, Lefebvre RC, Ferreira A, Sennett L, Lazieh M, Carleton RA: Strategies for Cholesterol Lowering at the Worksite, J Nutr Educ, 18(1), 1986
McKinlay SM, McGraw SA, Assaf AR, Kipp DM, Carleton RA: An Innovative Approach to the Evaluation of Large Community Programs. In: Baum A, Herd JA, (Eds). Perspectives in Behavioral Medicine, Volume 3. Academic Press, Inc. New York, 1987
Carleton RA, Lasater TM. Primary prevention of coronary heart disease: a challenge for behavioral medicine. Circulation. 1987 Jul;76(1 Pt 2):I124-9. Review.
Elder JP, Abrams DB, Beaudin P, Carleton RA, Lasater TM, Lazieh M, Peterson G, Schwertfeger R: Behavioral Community Psychology and the Prevention of Heart Disease: Community Level Applications of the Pawtucket Heart Health Program. In: Baum A, Herd A, (Eds). Perspectives in Behavioral Medicine, Volume 3. Academic Press, Inc. New York, 1987
Lasater TM, Elder JP, Carleton RA, Abrams DB. The Pawtucket Heart Health Program: Prospects and Process. In: Baum A, Herd JA (Eds). Perspectives in Behavioral Medicine, Volume 3. Academic Press, Inc. New York, 1987
Harden EA, Lefebvre RC, Fuchs V, Lasater TM, Carleton RA: Telemarketing for Health Promotion. Am J Prev Med, 1987
Lefebvre RC, Lasater TM, Carleton RA, Peterson G. Theory and delivery of health programming in the community: the Pawtucket Heart Health Program. Prev Med. 1987 Jan;16(1):80-95.
Nelson DJ, et al: A Campaign Strategy for Weight Loss at Worksites. Health Educ Res: Theory and Practice, 2:27-31, 1987
Lefebvre RC. Primary prevention of coronary heart disease: a review of multifactor prevention trials. Prog Behav Modif. 1987;21:45-85.
Lasater TM, Lefebvre RC, Assaf AR, Saritelli AL, Carleton RA. Rapid measurement of blood cholesterol: evaluation of a new instrument. Am J Prev Med. 1987 Nov-Dec;3(6):311-6.
Lefebvre RC, Harden EA, Rakowski W, Lasater TM, Carleton RA. Characteristics of participants in community health promotion programs: four-year results. Am J Public Health. 1987 Oct;77(10):1342-4.
Elder JP, McGraw SA, Rodrigues A, Lasater TM, Ferreira A, Kendall L, Peterson G, Carleton RA. Evaluation of two community-wide smoking cessation contests. Prev Med. 1987 Mar;16(2):221-34.
Assaf AR, Banspach SW, Lasater TM, McKinlay SM, Carleton RA. The Pawtucket Heart Health Program: II. Evaluation strategies. R I Med J. 1987 Dec;70(12):541-6.
Carleton RA, Lasater TM, Assaf A, Lefebvre RC, McKinlay SM. The Pawtucket Heart Health Program: I. An experiment in population-based disease prevention. R I Med J. 1987 Dec;70(12):533-8.
Colby JJ, Elder JP, Peterson G, Knisley PM, Carleton RA. Promoting the selection of healthy food through menu item description in a family-style restaurant. Am J Prev Med. 1987 May-Jun;3(3):171-7.
Lefebvre RC, Lasater TM, Assaf AR, Carleton RA. Pawtucket Heart Health Program: the process of stimulating community change. Scand J Prim Health Care Suppl. 1988;1:31-7.
Block L, Banspach SW, Gans K, Harris C, Lasater TM, Lefebvre RC, Carleton RA. Impact of public education and continuing medical education on physician attitudes and behavior concerning cholesterol. Am J Prev Med. 1988 Sep-Oct;4(5):255-60.
Lefebvre RC, Harden EA, Zompa B. The Pawtucket Heart Health Program. III. Social marketing to promote community health. R I Med J. 1988 Jan;71(1):27-30.
Lasater TM, Lefebvre RC, Carleton RA. The Pawtucket Heart Health Program. IV. Community level programming for heart health. R I Med J. 1988 Jan;71(1):31-4.
Lasater TM, Carleton RA, Lefebvre RC. The Pawtucket Heart Health Program. V. Utilizing community resources for primary prevention. R I Med J. 1988 Feb;71(2):63-7.
Lefebvre RC, Hursey KG, Carleton RA. Labeling of participants in high blood pressure screening programs. Implications for blood cholesterol screenings. Arch Intern Med. 1988 Sep;148(9):1993-7. Review.
Lefebvre RC, Lasater TH, McKinlay SM, Gans KM, Walker N, Carleton RA. Performance characteristics of a blood cholesterol measuring instrument used in screening programs. Public Health Rep. 1989 May-Jun;104(3):266-70.
McKinlay SM, Carleton RA, McKenney JL, Assaf AR. A new approach to surveillance for acute myocardial infarction: reproducibility and cost efficiency. Int J Epidemiol. 1989 Mar;18(1):67-75.
Niknian M, McKinlay SM, Rakowski W, Carleton RA. A comparison of perceived and objective CVD risk in a general population. Am J Public Health. 1989 Dec;79(12):1653-4.
Gans KM, Levin S, Lasater TM, Sennett LL, Maroni A, Ronan A, Carleton RA. Heart healthy cook-offs in home economics classes: an evaluation with junior high school students. J Sch Health. 1990 Mar;60(3):99-102.
Lefebvre RC, Gubata P, Ronan A, Carleton RA. Variation in the Reflotron method of cholesterol measurement. Am J Cardiol. 1990 Apr 1;65(13):916-7.
Hunt MK, Lefebvre RC, Hixson ML, Banspach SW, Assaf AR, Carleton RA. Pawtucket Heart Health Program point-of-purchase nutrition education program in supermarkets. Am J Public Health. 1990 Jun;80(6):730-2.
Linnan LA, Harden EA, Bucknam L, Carleton RA. Marketing cardiovascular disease risk reduction programs at the workplace. The Pawtucket Heart Health Program experience. AAOHN J. 1990 Sep;38(9):409-18.
Rakowski W, Lefebvre RC, Assaf AR, Lasater TM, Carleton RA. Health practice correlates in three adult age groups: results from two community surveys. Public Health Rep. 1990 Sep-Oct;105(5):481-91.
Lefebvre RC, Cobb GD, Goreczny AJ, Carleton RA. Efficacy of an incentive-based community smoking cessation program. Addict Behav. 1990;15(5):403-11.
Linnan LA, Gans KM, Hixson ML, Mendes E, Longpre H, Carleton RA. Training health professionals and lay volunteers to deliver cholesterol screening and education programs. Public Health Rep. 1990 Nov-Dec;105(6):589-98.
Rakowski W, Assaf AR, Lefebvre RC, Lasater TM, Niknian M, Carleton RA. Information-seeking about health in a community sample of adults: correlates and associations with other health-related practices. Health Educ Q. 1990 Winter;17(4):379-93.
Assaf AR, Banspach SW, Lasater TM, Ramsey J, Tidwell RJ, Carleton RA. The FPbase microcomputer system for managing community health screening and intervention data bases. Public Health Rep. 1992 Nov-Dec;107(6):695-700.
DelPrete LR, Caldwell M, English C, Banspach SW, Lefebvre C. Self-reported and measured weights and heights of participants in community-based weight loss programs. J Am Diet Assoc. 1992 Dec;92(12):1483-6.
Jack BW, Gans KM, McQuade W, Culpepper L, Lasswell A, Hume AL, Dowling PT, Carleton RA. A successful physician training program in cholesterol screening and management. Prev Med. 1991 May;20(3):364-77.
Lasater TM, Sennett LL, Lefebvre RC, DeHart KL, Peterson G, Carleton RA. Community-based approach to weight loss: the Pawtucket "weigh-in". Addict Behav. 1991;16(3-4):175-81.
Carleton RA, Sennett L, Gans KM, Levin S, Lefebvre C, Lasater TM. The Pawtucket Heart Health Program. Influencing adolescent eating patterns. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1991;623:322-6.
Niknian M, Linnan LA, Lasater TM, Carleton RA. Use of population-based data to assess risk factor profiles of blue and white collar workers. J Occup Med. 1991 Jan;33(1):29-36.
Niknian M, Lefebvre RC, Carleton RA. Are people more health conscious? A longitudinal study of one community. Am J Public Health. 1991 Feb;81(2):205-7.
Eaton CB, Lapane KL, Garber CA, Assaf AR, Lasater TM, Carleton RA. Sedentary lifestyle and risk of coronary heart disease in women. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1995 Nov;27(11):1535-9.
McKenney JL, Lapane KL, Assaf AR, Carleton RA. The association between perceived risk and actual cardiovascular disease. Epidemiology. 1995 Nov;6(6):612-6.
Assaf AR, Helmert U, Lasater TL, Carleton RA, Greiser E. Measuring cardiovascular disease risk factor levels: international comparisons between Bremen-north/west (Germany) and two southeastern New England (USA) cities. Soz Praventivmed. 1995;40(4):218-29.
Eaton CB, McPhillips JB, Gans KM, Garber CE, Assaf AR, Lasater TM, Carleton RA. Cross-sectional relationship between diet and physical activity in two southeastern New England communities. Am J Prev Med. 1995 Jul-Aug;11(4):238-44.
Lapane KL, Zierler S, Lasater TM, Barbour MM, Carleton R, Hume AL. Is the use of psychotropic drugs associated with increased risk of ischemic heart disease? Epidemiology. 1995 Jul;6(4):376-81.
Derby CA, Feldman HA, Bausserman LL, Parker DR, Gans KM, Carleton RA. HDL cholesterol: trends in two southeastern New England communities, 1981-1993. Ann Epidemiol. 1998 Feb;8(2):84-91.
Winkleby MA, Feldman HA, Murray DM. Joint analysis of three U.S. community intervention trials for reduction of cardiovascular disease risk. J Clin Epidemiol. 1997 Jun;50(6):645-58.
Parker DR, Gonzalez S, Derby CA, Gans KM, Lasater TM, Carleton RA. Dietary factors in relation to weight change among men and women from two southeastern New England communities. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1997 Feb;21(2):103-9.
Derby CA, Lapane KL, Hume AL, Babour MM, Carleton RA. Is cigarette smoking an effect modifier of the relation between antihypertensive therapy and blood lipids? Epidemiology. 1997 Jan;8(1):48-54.
Hume AL, Barbour MM, Lapane KL, Flint PM, Carleton RA. Correlates of oral contraceptive use in two New England communities: 1981-1993. Pharmacotherapy. 1996 Nov-Dec;16(6):1173-8.
Parker DR, Derby CA, Usner DW, Gonzalez S, Lapane KL, Carleton RA. Self-reported alcohol intake using two different question formats in southeastern New England. Int J Epidemiol. 1996 Aug;25(4):770-4.
Parker DR, McPhillips JB, Lapane KL, Lasater TM, Carleton RA. Nutrition and health practices of diabetic and nondiabetic men and women from two southeastern New England communities. Nutr Health. 1995;10(3):255-68.
Parker DR, McPhillips JB, Derby CA, Gans KM, Lasater TM, Carleton RA. High-density-lipoprotein cholesterol and types of alcoholic beverages consumed among men and women. Am J Public Health. 1996 Jul;86(7):1022-7.
Flint PM, Lapane KL, Barbour MM, Derby CA, Carleton RA, Hume AL. Cardiovascular risk profiles of oral contraceptive users and nonusers: a population-based study. Prev Med. 1995 Nov;24(6):586-90.
Lapane KL, Zierler S, Lasater TM, Stein M, Barbour MM, Hume AL. Is a history of depressive symptoms associated with an increased risk of infertility in women? Psychosom Med. 1995 Nov-Dec;57(6):509-13; discussion 514-6.
Assaf AR, Lapane KL, McKenney JL, McKinlay S, Carleton RA. Coronary heart disease surveillance: field application of an epidemiologic algorithm. J Clin Epidemiol. 2000 Apr;53(4):419-26.
Derby CA, Lapane KL, Feldman HA, Carleton RA. Trends in validated cases of fatal and nonfatal stroke, stroke classification, and risk factors in southeastern New England, 1980 to 1991 : data from the Pawtucket Heart Health Program. Stroke. 2000 Apr;31(4):875-81.
Derby CA, Lapane KL, Feldman HA, Carleton RA. Sex-specific trends in validated coronary heart disease rates in southeastern New England, 1980-1991. Am J Epidemiol. 2000 Feb 15;151(4):417-29.
Eaton CB, Lapane KL, Garber CE, Gans KM, Lasater TM, Carleton RA. Effects of a community-based intervention on physical activity: the Pawtucket Heart Health Program. Am J Public Health. 1999 Nov;89(11):1741-4.
Gans KM, Assmann SF, Sallar A, Lasater TM. Knowledge of cardiovascular disease prevention: an analysis from two New England communities. Prev Med. 1999 Oct;29(4):229-37.
Parker DR, Lapane KL, Lasater TM, Carleton RA. Short stature and cardiovascular disease among men and women from two southeastern New England communities. Int J Epidemiol. 1998 Dec;27(6):970-5.

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005151     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1022
R01HL023629 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: May 25, 2000
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: March 16, 2016
Last Verified: July 2000

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Coronary Disease
Coronary Artery Disease
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Myocardial Ischemia
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases

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