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Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging and 1H-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Imaging in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Brain Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005083
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (no participants enrolled)
First Posted : December 16, 2003
Last Update Posted : October 4, 2012
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: New imaging procedures, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging and 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging, may improve the ability to detect the extent of cancer in the brain.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of functional magnetic resonance imaging and 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging in treating patients who have newly diagnosed brain tumors.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Procedure: conventional surgery Procedure: magnetic resonance imaging Procedure: magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the definable topospecific relationship between functional neuroactivation measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and chemostructural tissue measurements made with 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (1H-NMRSI) in patients with newly diagnosed brain tumors situated in the vicinity of the brain's language and motor regions. II. Determine if clinical improvement correlates with stronger imaging signatures of neuroactivation on fMRI in this patient population. III. Determine if functional loss during tumor recurrence or progression correlates with increases in choline and decreases in N-acetylaspartate on 1H-NMRSI in regions that previously displayed activation on fMRI or in associated underlying white matter regions in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients undergo preoperative functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (1H-NMRSI), and conventional contrast MRI over 2 hours followed by neurofunctional motor and/or language neurofunctional testing. Intraoperatively, patients undergo corticography consisting of awake language mapping and motor cortex stimulation. Patients undergo repeat imaging and neurofunctional evaluation at 2 weeks following surgery and prior to any radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Patients also undergo neurological and neuropsychological testing consisting of basic gait, motor coordination, reflexes, hand motor, tongue motor, and language evaluation to measure baseline, preoperative, and postoperative clinical status and outcomes. Patients are followed every 4 months for 1 year.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 40 patients will be accrued for this study over 4 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Defining Functional Tissue in Brain Tumors With Integrated Neuroimaging (Pilot Study)
Study Start Date : March 1998

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Newly diagnosed brain tumor Neuroradiological and clinical evidence of probable glioma Lesion in close proximity to language and motor areas No prior resection

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 to 55 Performance status: Not specified Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Not specified Other: No other medical or psychiatric disorder No contraindications to MRI scanning (e.g., metal implants, dental prostheses other than fillings, contrast allergies)

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: See Disease Characteristics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00005083

Sponsors and Collaborators
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Jeffry Alger, PhD Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00005083     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067692
First Posted: December 16, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 4, 2012
Last Verified: October 2012

Keywords provided by Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center:
adult glioblastoma
adult anaplastic astrocytoma
adult myxopapillary ependymoma
adult anaplastic ependymoma
adult anaplastic oligodendroglioma
adult mixed glioma
adult pilocytic astrocytoma
adult subependymoma
adult ependymoblastoma
adult oligodendroglioma
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Brain Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases