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Methylprednisolone Given by 24-Hour or 48-Hour Infusion Versus Tirilazad for Acute Spinal Cord Injury

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00004759
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 25, 2000
Last Update Posted : September 10, 2008
Yale University
Information provided by:
Office of Rare Diseases (ORD)

Brief Summary:


I. Compare the efficacy and safety of 24- versus 48-hour infusion of methylprednisolone (MePRDL) versus tirilazad for patients with acute spinal cord injury.

II. Compare neurologic recovery following 24- and 48-hour MePRDL infusions.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Spinal Cord Injury Drug: methylprednisolone Drug: tirilazad Phase 3

Detailed Description:


This is a randomized, double-blind study. Patients are stratified by participating institution.

Patients are randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatment groups within 6 hours of injury. Treatment begins within 2 hours of randomization.

One group receives a 24-hour methylprednisolone (MePRDL) infusion: a loading dose followed in 45 minutes by a 23-hour continuous infusion. A placebo for tirilazad is also administered.

A second group receives the same MePRDL loading dose but the continuous infusion is maintained for 48 hours. A placebo for tirilazad is also administered.

A third group receives a 48-hour infusion of tirilazad with an initial bolus dose of MePRDL. Eight additional doses of tirilazad are administered by intravenous push. The MePRDL loading dose may be omitted for patients who received a prestudy MePRDL dose.

Patients are followed at 72 hours, 6 weeks, 6 months, and 1 year after the injury.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 497 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase III Randomized, Double-Blind Study of Methylprednisolone by 24- Versus 48-Hour Infusion Versus Tirilazad for Acute Spinal Cord Injury
Study Start Date : December 1991
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2007

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   14 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


--Disease Characteristics--

Acute spinal cord injury; diagnosis confirmed by study physician using National Acute Spinal Cord Injury Study neurologic exam

Glasgow Coma Score greater than 9

Randomization within 6 hours of injury required; treatment must begin within 8 hours of injury

No root involvement only; no cauda equina only

--Prior/Concurrent Therapy--

Methylprednisolone bolus (20-40 mg/kg) prior to hospital admission allowed

--Patient Characteristics--

Hematopoietic: No hematologic contraindication to protocol therapy

Cardiovascular: No vascular contraindication to protocol therapy

Other: No diabetes; No gunshot wound; No gastrointestinal bleeding; No life-threatening co-morbidity; No other medical contraindication to protocol therapy; No pregnant women; No patients under indictment or incarcerated; No conditions that would complicate follow-up, e.g.: out-of-state residency or illegal alien status

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00004759

Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Yale University
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Study Chair: Michael Bracken Yale University
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00004759    
Other Study ID Numbers: 199/11692
First Posted: February 25, 2000    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 10, 2008
Last Verified: September 2008
Keywords provided by Office of Rare Diseases (ORD):
environmental/toxic disorders
neurologic and psychiatric disorders
rare disease
spinal cord injury
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Spinal Cord Injuries
Wounds and Injuries
Spinal Cord Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Trauma, Nervous System
Methylprednisolone Acetate
Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate
Prednisolone acetate
Prednisolone hemisuccinate
Prednisolone phosphate
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Neuroprotective Agents
Protective Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action