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Vaccine Therapy in Treating Women With Metastatic Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: March 25, 2013
Last verified: December 2008

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known whether THERATOPE vaccine therapy is more effective than standard vaccine therapy in treating metastatic breast cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized double blinded phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of THERATOPE vaccine therapy with that of standard vaccine therapy in treating women who have metastatic breast cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer Biological: Detox-B adjuvant Biological: THERATOPE STn-KLH vaccine Biological: keyhole limpet hemocyanin Drug: cyclophosphamide Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multi-Center Phase III Randomized, Controlled Study of Theratope Vaccine for Metastatic Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Estimated Enrollment: 950
Study Start Date: January 1999
Study Completion Date: December 2008
Primary Completion Date: January 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare time to disease progression in patients receiving THERATOPE vaccine to that of women receiving control vaccine. II. Compare survival in patients receiving THERATOPE vaccine to that of patients receiving control vaccine. III. Document the product safety profile in these patients. IV. Measure the anti-STn, anti-OSM, and anti-KLH antibody titers. V. Evaluate the impact of THERATOPE STn-KLH vaccine on health-related quality of life in these patients.

OUTLINE: The study design is a prospective, double-blinded, randomized study. Patients who have completed first-line chemotherapy for metastatic breast cancer and have either nonprogressive disease or no evidence of disease following completion of first-line chemotherapy (includes bone marrow transplants and stem cell rescue) will be randomized to either the THERATOPE vaccine or the control vaccine. Patients are stratified at entry according to disease status (i.e., either no evidence of disease or nonprogressive disease) and whether or not they are receiving hormonal therapy for metastatic disease while on study. Arm I: Patients receive intravenous cyclophosphamide on day -3, followed by 4 subcutaneous vaccinations with THERATOPE STn-KLH vaccine combined with Detox-B Stable Emulsion at 0, 2, 5, and 9 weeks. Arm II: Patients receive the control treatment of intravenous cyclophosphamide on day -3, followed by 4 subcutaneous vaccinations with keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) vaccine combined with Detox-B Stable Emulsion at 0, 2, 5, and 9 weeks. Patients with stable or responding disease may receive the THERATOPE STn-KLH vaccine or control without Detox-B Stable Emulsion at weeks 13, 17, 21, and 25. Patients without unacceptable toxic effects or disease progression may continue on maintenance therapy at 3 month intervals.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Over 120 sites in North America, Europe, and Australia/New Zealand will be participating in the study. A total of 950 women (475 per treatment arm) will be enrolled into the study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically or cytologically proven breast cancer Must be enrolled no later than 40 weeks from the start of first line chemotherapy for metastatic disease High dose chemotherapy with bone marrow transplantation or stem cell rescue as part of first line therapy is allowed Either no evidence of disease or nonprogressive disease following first line chemotherapy Patients receiving concurrent hormonal therapy are eligible Patients with bone metastases as the only site of disease are eligible No known brain metastases (patients with stable brain metastases for greater than 6 months may be allowed if not on concurrent corticosteroids) No locoregional disease as the only evidence of metastases Hormone receptor status: Not specified

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Sex: Female Menopausal status: Not specified Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Neutrophil count at least 1,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 75,000/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 9 g/dL Hepatic: SGOT or SGPT no greater than 2.0 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (less than 5 times ULN with liver metastases) Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 times ULN Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 times ULN Cardiovascular: No significant cardiac disease No myocardial infarction within 1 year of study No uncontrolled arrhythmias No uncontrolled hypertension No congestive heart failure Pulmonary: Not specified Other: Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception Negative pregnancy test No prior malignancies within the past 5 years, except: Curatively treated nonmelanoma skin cancer Carcinoma in situ of the cervix No autoimmune disease (e.g., systemic lupus erythematosus, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, multiple sclerosis, ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis) No immunodeficiency disease (cellular immunodeficiencies, hypogammaglobulinemia or dysgammaglobulinemia, or hereditary or congenital immunodeficiencies) Controlled Type II diabetes allowed No clinically significant active infection No known allergy to shellfish No known allergy to soy beans and/or soy products

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: At least 4 weeks since prior interferons, tumor necrosis factor, other cytokines or biologic response modifiers, BCG vaccines, or therapeutic monoclonal antibodies Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics Must have completed first line chemotherapy for metastatic disease At least 3 weeks since prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No concurrent corticosteroid, cyclosporine, or adrenocorticotropic hormone therapy Radiotherapy: At least 3 weeks since radiation therapy Surgery: At least 4 weeks since prior surgery requiring general anesthetic No splenectomy Other: At least 4 weeks since other investigational drugs Concurrent bisphosphonate therapy allowed provided therapy was initiated more than 3 weeks prior to study

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00003638

Canada, Alberta
Biomira Inc.
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, AB T6N 1H1
Sponsors and Collaborators
Oncothyreon Canada Inc.
Study Chair: BIOMIRA Customer Service (North America) Oncothyreon Canada Inc.
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number): Identifier: NCT00003638     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000066723
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: March 25, 2013

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage IV breast cancer
recurrent breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Keyhole-limpet hemocyanin
Detox adjuvant
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Immunosuppressive Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Adjuvants, Immunologic processed this record on August 22, 2017