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Safety and Efficacy Study of Ambrisentan in Subjects With Pulmonary Hypertension

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gilead Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00380068
First received: September 21, 2006
Last updated: April 2, 2012
Last verified: April 2012
  Purpose
The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ambrisentan in a broad population of participants with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Secondary objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of ambrisentan on other clinical measures of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), long-term treatment success, and survival.

Condition Intervention Phase
Pulmonary Hypertension Drug: Ambrisentan Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: ARIES-3: A Phase 3, Long-Term, Open-Label, Multicenter Safety and Efficacy Study of Ambrisentan in Subjects With Pulmonary Hypertension

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Gilead Sciences:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline to Week 24 in 6 Minute Walk Distance (6MWD) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline to Week 24 in Borg Dyspnea Index [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ]
    Change from Baseline to Week 24 in Borg Dyspnea Index. The Borg Dyspnea Index of Perceived Exertion Scores range from 0 to 10. Best and Worst values are: 0 (Best) to 10 (Worst). Scales are described as rating of breathlessness and its description: 0= none; 0.5= very,very slight (just noticeable); 1= very slight; 2=slight; 3= moderate; 4= somewhat severe; 5= severe; 6 (in between severe and very severe); 7= very severe; 8 (in between very, very severe and maximum); 9= very, very severe; and 10= maximum.

  • Change From Baseline to Week 48 in Borg Dyspnea Index [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 48 ]
    Change from Baseline to Week 48 in Borg Dyspnea Index. The Borg Dyspnea Index of Perceived Exertion Scores range from 0 to 10. Best and Worst values are: 0 (Best) to 10 (Worst). Scales are described as rating of breathlessness and its description: 0= none; 0.5= very,very slight (just noticeable); 1= very slight; 2=slight; 3= moderate; 4= somewhat severe; 5= severe; 6 (in between severe and very severe); 7= very severe; 8 (in between very, very severe and maximum); 9= very, very severe; and 10= maximum.

  • Percent Change From Baseline to Week 24 in B-type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ]
  • Percent Change From Baseline to Week 48 in BNP [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 48 ]
  • Change From Baseline to Week 24 in WHO Functional Class [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ]
    Change from baseline in World Health Organization functional class (WHO) at Week 24 is the incidence of participants that improved, had no change, or worsened. WHO categories are 1 to 4 with the worse category at 4. Improvement = a category change from baseline of <= -1: change of -3 (eg, WHO from 4 to 1), change of -2 (eg, WHO from 3 to 1), change of -1 (eg, WHO from 2 to 1). Inversely, participants worsening are those with a category change from baseline of at least +1. No change in WHO functional class represents the percentage of participants with a change in category from baseline of 0.

  • Change From Baseline to Week 48 in WHO Functional Class [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 48 ]
    Change from baseline in WHO at Week 48 is expressed as the incidence of participants that improved, had no change or worsened. WHO categories range from 1 to 4 with the worse category at 4. Improvement = a category change from baseline of <= -1: change of -3 (eg, WHO from 4 to 1), change of -2 (eg, WHO from 3 to 1), change of -1 (eg, WHO from 2 to 1). Inversely, participants worsening are those with a category change from baseline of at least +1. No change in WHO functional class represents the percentage of participants with a change in category from baseline of 0.

  • Change From Baseline to Week 24 in SF-36 Health Survey Physical Functioning Scale [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ]
    Change from baseline to Week 24 in the SF-36 health survey physical functioning scale. 10 activities rated by health limitations using 3 categories (1= Yes, limited a lot; 2= Yes, limited a little; and 3= No, not limited at all). The best score is 3 and the worst score is 1. Scores are transformed by subtracting the unit by the lowest raw score and dividing by the raw score range. The scores are then standardized with the 1998 General United States (US) population mean and standard deviation (SD). Finally, the scores are transformed to the norm-based scoring with a mean of 50 and SD of 10.

  • Change From Baseline to Week 48 in SF-36 Health Survey Physical Functioning Scale [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 48 ]
    Change from baseline to Week 48 in the SF-36 health survey physical functioning scale. 10 activities are rated by health limitations using 3 categories (1= Yes, limited a lot; 2= Yes, limited a little; and 3= No, not limited at all). The best score is 3 and the worst score is 1. Scores are transformed by subtracting the unit by the lowest raw score and dividing by the raw score range. The scores are then standardized with the 1998 General US population mean and standard deviation. Finally, the scores are transformed to the norm-based scoring with a mean of 50 and standard deviation of 10.

  • Percent of Participants With no Clinical Worsening of Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ]
    Clinical worsening: occurrence of death, lung transplantation, hospitalization for PH, atrial septostomy, a change to chronic prostanoid or sildenafil treatment due to protocol-defined worsening criteria, or study withdrawal due to the addition of other clinically approved PH therapeutic agents

  • Percent of Participants With no Clinical Worsening of PH at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 48 ]
    Clinical worsening: occurrence of death, lung transplantation, hospitalization for PH, atrial septostomy, a change to chronic prostanoid or sildenafil treatment due to protocol-defined worsening criteria, or study withdrawal due to the addition of other clinically approved PH therapeutic agents

  • Failure-free Treatment Status [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ]
    Defined by occurrence of death, lung transplantation, or study withdrawal due to the addition of other clinically approved PAH therapeutic agents

  • Failure-free Treatment Status [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 48 ]
    Defined by occurrence of death, lung transplantation, or study withdrawal due to the addition of other clinically approved PAH therapeutic agents

  • Monotherapy Treatment Status [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ]
    Defined by no addition of sildenafil, iloprost, treprostinil, or epoprostenol to ongoing ambrisentan treatment

  • Monotherapy Treatment Status [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 48 ]
    Defined by no addition of sildenafil, iloprost, treprostinil, or epoprostenol to ongoing ambrisentan treatment

  • Long-term Survival [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ]
    Defined as not dying during study participation

  • Long-term Survival [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 48 ]
    Defined as not dying during study participation


Enrollment: 224
Study Start Date: August 2006
Study Completion Date: May 2009
Primary Completion Date: July 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Ambrisentan Drug: Ambrisentan
Oral tablets taken once daily.
Other Names:
  • Letairis
  • Volibris

Detailed Description:
This study was to enroll up to 200 participants with PH due to the following etiologies: 1) PAH including idiopathic and familial PAH and PAH associated with collagen vascular disease, congenital systemic-to-pulmonary shunts (including Eisenmenger's syndrome), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, drugs and toxins, thyroid disorders, glycogen storage disease, Gaucher disease, hemoglobinopathies, and splenectomy (WHO Group 1); 2) PH associated with lung diseases and/or hypoxemia, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), interstitial lung disease (ILD), sleep-disordered breathing, and alveolar hypoventilation disorders (WHO Group 3); 3) PH due to proximal or distal chronic thromboembolic obstruction (WHO Group 4); and 4) PH due to sarcoidosis (WHO Group 5). Participants with left heart disease or left heart failure were excluded (WHO Group 2). Participants could be receiving prostacyclin or sildenafil therapy at baseline, and participants who previously discontinued either bosentan, sitaxsentan, or both, due to liver function test abnormalities were eligible.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Summarized Inclusion Criteria:

  1. 18 years of age or older
  2. Current diagnosis of PH associated with an acceptable etiology as outlined in the protocol, including: PH due to the following etiologies: 1) PAH including idiopathic and familial PAH and PAH associated with collagen vascular disease, congenital systemic-to-pulmonary shunts (including Eisenmenger's syndrome), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, drugs and toxins, thyroid disorders, glycogen storage disease, Gaucher disease, hemoglobinopathies, and splenectomy (WHO Group 1); 2) PH associated with lung diseases and/or hypoxemia, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), interstitial lung disease (ILD), sleep-disordered breathing, and alveolar hypoventilation disorders (WHO Group 3); 3) PH due to proximal or distal chronic thromboembolic obstruction (WHO Group 4); and 4) PH due to sarcoidosis (WHO Group 5).
  3. Stable regimen (within four weeks) of chronic prostanoid, PDE-5 inhibitor, calcium channel blocker, or 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor therapy
  4. Right heart catheterization completed prior to screening must meet pre-specified criteria
  5. Female participants of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test and must agree to use a reliable double method of contraception until study completion and for at least four weeks following their final study visit.
  6. Male participants must be informed of the potential risks of testicular tubular atrophy and infertility associated with taking ambrisentan and queried regarding his understanding of the potential risks as described in the Informed Consent Form.

Summarized Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Participation in a previous clinical study with ambrisentan
  2. Bosentan or sitaxsentan use within four weeks prior to the screening visit
  3. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) lab value that is greater than 3 times the upper limit of normal at the screening visit
  4. Pulmonary function tests not meeting the following pre-specified criteria: 1) mean pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) >= 25 mm Hg; 2) PVR > 3 mm Hg/L/min; 3) pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) or left ventricle end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) < 15 mm Hg; 4) total lung capacity (TLC) >= 70% of predicted normal for participants without ILD or >= 60% of predicted normal in participants with ILD; forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) >= 65% of predicted normal in participants without COPD or >= 50% of predicted normal in participants with COPD
  5. Contraindication to treatment with endothelin receptor antagonist (ERA)
  6. History of malignancies other than basal cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ carcinoma of the cervix within the past five years
  7. Female participant who is pregnant or breastfeeding
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00380068

  Show 39 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gilead Sciences
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Lewis J Rubin, MD University of California, San Diego
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Gilead Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00380068     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AMB-323
ARIES-3
Study First Received: September 21, 2006
Results First Received: July 10, 2009
Last Updated: April 2, 2012

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypertension
Hypertension, Pulmonary
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 19, 2017