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Study of the Immune Response to Hepatitis C Virus

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Rockefeller University Identifier:
First received: October 10, 2005
Last updated: December 9, 2010
Last verified: December 2010
The purpose of this study is to investigate the mechanism of a successful immune response to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Currently, it is believed that the immune system is involved in responding to HCV infection, but how it is involved is not known. It is estimated that 30% of individuals infected with HCV are able to clear the virus without treatment, while 70% progress to chronic infectious. By studying the immune responses in these two populations, we, the researchers at Rockefeller University, hope to gain insight into the mechanisms of the immune response and develop new strategies for HCV therapy.

Hepatitis C

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: HCV Pathogenesis and Dendritic Cell Immunobiology

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Rockefeller University:

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
White blood cells

Enrollment: 11
Study Start Date: April 2003
Study Completion Date: February 2008
Detailed Description:

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects approximately 200 million people worldwide. About 30% of infected individuals do not require treatment to clear the virus, but the remainder can become chronically infected with HCV. Both resolution and protection correlate with the presence of HCV-specific T cells responses. The researchers believe that dendritic cells (DCs) play a role in determining how T-cells respond to the virus. They believe that the virus is able to modify the function of these cells causing the inactivation of T cells that would otherwise react with the virus. By characterizing the phenotype and function of DCs in both the patients who spontaneously resolve the infection and patients who become chronically infected the investigators hope to learn more about the pathogenesis of HCV.

People interested in participating in this study will have a complete history and general medical examinations before beginning the study. Testing for communicable diseases, including hepatitis B, syphilis and HIV will be done. If a disease is found you will be informed and offered counseling.

Following the screening, you will have a procedure called leukapheresis, in which white blood cells are removed, but your own red blood cells are returned. The procedure takes approximately 3 hours and is similar to blood donation. The leukapheresis is done during a same day admission to the hospital by an outside blood collection company with trained nurses and certified equipment.

Some aspects of this study are experimental which means the fluid and cells collected will be studied and analyzed to determine more precisely how your body's immune system is responding to the virus. These tests are experimental in that they are not part of the usual routine care of patients.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Subjects with confirmed HCV infection recruited from the NYC metropolitan area

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with confirmed HCV infection based on serologic studies and/or plasma HCV titers
  • Individuals who have recovered from toxicity of any prior therapy and who have not had IFN-α and/or ribavirin therapy in the last 6 months
  • Performance status: Karnofsky 70-100%
  • Life expectancy of at least 12 months
  • Hematology laboratory results of:

    • WBC greater than 3,800/mm3
    • Absolute lymphocytes greater than 1,500/mm3
    • Platelets greater than 120,000/mm3
    • Hb at least 9.5 g/dl
    • INR < 1.5 IU

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who are currently on immunotherapy
  • Individuals who are currently on antibiotics
  • Individuals who have had chemotherapy within the last year for other medical conditions
  • Individuals who have had corticosteroid treatment or radiotherapy within the last 4 weeks
  • Individuals infected with HIV, syphilis or hepatitis B or with other serious uncontrolled medical illness
  • People with currently active second malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancer
  • No history of vasculitis
  • No alcohol or drug use or dependence that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with adherence to study requirements
  • No patients with decompensated cirrhosis
  • No NYHA class III/IV status
  • No severe debilitating pulmonary disease
  • No psychiatric illness or social condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with adherence to study requirements
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00237432

United States, New York
Rockefeller University Hospital
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rockefeller University
Principal Investigator: Charles M. Rice, PHD Rockefeller University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Charles Rice, Rockefeller University Identifier: NCT00237432     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CRI-0505
Study First Received: October 10, 2005
Last Updated: December 9, 2010

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis C
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections processed this record on March 30, 2017