Vitamin A Supplementation in Preterm Infants
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00063596|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified November 2004 by Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).
Recruitment status was: Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 2, 2003
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2005
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Infant, Premature||Drug: Vitamin A supplementation||Not Applicable|
Vitamin A and its derivative retinoic acid (RA) have been recognized as important factors in potentiating the immune response and protecting against infection. In developing nations, Vitamin A deficiency is associated with infectious gastroenteritis and increased susceptibility to a number of infections, such as measles. RA is an important regulator of cell growth and differentiation and can augment IgM production from core blood mononuclear cells in response to a polyclonal B-cell activator. This augmentation in immunoglobulin secretion is mediated by the effects of RA on both T and B cells, in part through the production of certain cytokines (e.g., IL-6 and IL-10) important in the terminal differentiation of B-cells to plasma cells. In animal models, correction of Vitamin A deficiency improves immune response to vaccination.
Infants with extremely low birth weight have low plasma and tissue concentrations of Vitamin A. Vitamin A supplementation of pre-term infants reduces chronic lung disease and the risk of sepsis. Because the immune system of the pre-term infant is immature, the response of pre-term infants to Hepatitis B vaccine is diminished compared to full-term babies. This study will determine whether Vitamin A supplementation of pre-term infants will enhance the response of these infants to immunization with Hepatitis B vaccine. The study will also evaluate the effect of Vitamin A supplementation on survival, chronic lung disease, and infection rate.
Low birth weight pre-term infants will be randomized to receive either Vitamin A supplementation or placebo. The Vitamin A treatment group will receive 5,000 IU of Vitamin A (retinyl palmitate) by intramuscular injection 3 times weekly for 28 days starting on postnatal day 2. To avoid pain and discomfort, the placebo group will receive a sham procedure rather than a placebo saline injection. The staff of the neonatal intensive care unit will retain the responsibility for decisions regarding the use of other therapies, such as parental fluids, mechanical ventilation, glucocorticoids, hyperalimentation, and blood replacement. All infants will be assessed for potential Vitamin A toxicity. While in the neonatal intensive care unit, infants will have blood tests at Days 0, 14, 30, and 60. After discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit, patients return for clinic assessment and blood samples at Months 4, 6, and 9. Infants will be given Hepatitis B vaccine at 2, 4, and 6 months chronological age. Primary outcome measures will include Hepatitis B antibody levels, chronic lung disease, rate of infection while in the neonatal intensive care unit, and the incidence and severity of infections during the first 9 months of life.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Enrollment :||220 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Official Title:||Vitamin A Therapy in Preterm Infants: Vaccine Response|
|Study Start Date :||January 2000|
|Study Completion Date :||May 2004|
- Response to Hepatitis B vaccine
- Chronic lung disease
- Length of hospital stay
- Respiratory and GI infections to 9 months of age
- T-cell cytokine production and development
- T-cell subset development
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00063596
|United States, New York|
|Women's and Children's Hospital of Buffalo|
|Buffalo, New York, United States, 14222|
|Principal Investigator:||Mark Ballow, MD||State University of New York at Buffalo|