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Leridistim Compared With Filgrastim in Treating Older Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00004215
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 9, 2004
Last Update Posted : June 19, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Colony-stimulating factors such as leridistim and filgrastim increase the number of immune cells found in bone marrow or peripheral blood and may help a person's immune system recover from the side effects of chemotherapy.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to compare the effectiveness of leridistim with that of filgrastim to reduce side effects in older patients who are receiving cytarabine and daunorubicin for acute myeloid leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anemia Leukemia Neutropenia Thrombocytopenia Biological: filgrastim Biological: leridistim Drug: cytarabine Drug: daunorubicin hydrochloride Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose or hematopoietically active dose of leridistim administered with induction chemotherapy in older patients with acute myeloid leukemia. II. Determine the effect of leridistim on the duration of grade IV neutropenia during the induction course in these patients. III. Determine the safety and tolerability of leridistim in these patients. IV. Compare the effect of leridistim vs filgrastim (G-CSF) on the duration of thrombocytopenia, the incidence of infection, and the need for IV antibiotics in these patients. V. Compare the effect of leridistim vs G-CSF on the number of days of platelet and/or red blood cell transfusions in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study of leridistim and then a randomized, open label, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. All patients receive induction chemotherapy consisting of daunorubicin IV over 15-30 minutes on days 1-3 and cytarabine IV continuously on days 1-7. Patients who do not achieve aplasia after one induction course may receive a second course. Dose Escalation Phase: Patients receive leridistim subcutaneously (SQ) every other day beginning on day 11-14 and continuing for 42 days or until blood counts recover. Cohorts of 6 patients receive escalating doses of leridistim until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) or hematopoietically active dose (HAD) has been determined. The MTD is defined as the dose prior to the dose level at which at least 2 of the same dose limiting toxicities occur in different patients. Consolidation Phase: Patients then receive consolidation chemotherapy consisting of cytarabine IV over 1 hour every 12 hours (patients 70 years and under) or every 24 hours (patients over 70 years) on days 1-6. Beginning 24-48 hours after completion of consolidation chemotherapy, patients receive leridistim as above. Randomized Phase: Eligible patients will receive induction and consolidation chemotherapy as outlined above. Then patients are randomized to one of two treatments. Arm I: Patients receive leridistim SQ every other day for up to 42 days or until blood counts recover. Arm II: Patients receive filgrastim (G-CSF) SQ daily for up to 42 days or until blood counts recover. Patients are followed at day 30 and then at 6 and 12 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 86 patients (36 for phase I and 50 for phase II) will be accrued for this study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Clinical Protocol for a Phase II Study of Leridistim (SC-70935) in Adult Patients (Age>55) With Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Receiving Chemotherapy With the Cytarabine and Daunorubicin "7+3" Regimen
Study Start Date : August 1999
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2000
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2000

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   55 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Induction phase: Cytologically proven de novo acute myeloid leukemia (not M3) Eligible to receive cytarabine and daunorubicin Circulating blast count no greater than 75,000/mL (hydroxyurea or leukapheresis allowed to decrease blast count) No blast transformation of chronic myelogenous leukemia No myelodysplastic syndrome or antecedent hematologic disorder longer than 6 months Post Induction Phase: Severe bone marrow aplasia (less than 5% blasts and less than 10% cellularity) No persistent leukemia after 2 induction courses

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 55 and over Performance status: Not specified Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: See Disease Characteristics Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No significant cardiac disease No cardiac arrhythmia No uncontrolled hypertension No recent myocardial infarction or ischemia Other: No uncontrolled metabolic condition that would preclude study No psychiatric condition that would preclude study HIV negative Hepatitis B surface antigen negative No known hypersensitivity to corticosteroids, E. coli protein, interleukin-3, SC-55494, SC-68420, leridistim, milodistim, or filgrastim (G-CSF)

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior interleukin-3, milodistim, SC-55494, SC-68420, or leridistim No prior peripheral blood stem cell or bone marrow transplantation No concurrent epoetin alfa or interleukin-11 Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics No prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy Surgery: At least 2 weeks since prior surgery (except catheter placement or biopsy) Other: At least 3 weeks since prior investigational drug No other concurrent investigational drug

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00004215

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United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Mark Lawrence Heaney, MD, PhD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00004215    
Other Study ID Numbers: 99-055
CDR0000067436 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
First Posted: August 9, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 19, 2013
Last Verified: June 2013
Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
untreated adult acute myeloid leukemia
adult acute erythroid leukemia (M6)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation (M2)
adult acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4)
adult acute monoblastic leukemia (M5a)
adult acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (M7)
adult acute monocytic leukemia (M5b)
adult acute minimally differentiated myeloid leukemia (M0)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hematologic Diseases
Blood Platelet Disorders
Leukocyte Disorders
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors