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Combination Chemotherapy With or Without G-CSF in Treating Older Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002719
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 29, 2004
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2012
Gruppo Italiano Malattie EMatologiche dell'Adulto
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Colony-stimulating factors such as G-CSF may increase the number of immune cells found in the bone marrow or peripheral blood and may help a person's immune system recover after chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Combining more than one drug and giving drugs in different ways may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy with or without G-CSF in treating older patients with acute myeloid leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Neutropenia Biological: filgrastim Drug: amsacrine Drug: carmustine Drug: cytarabine Drug: etoposide Drug: idarubicin Drug: mitoxantrone hydrochloride Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the role of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor given during and/or after remission induction with MICE (mitoxantrone/cytarabine/etoposide) in elderly patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). II. Compare the complete remission (CR) rate and survival of these patients when treated with nearly equivalent doses of oral vs. intravenous mini-ICE (idarubicin/cytarabine/etoposide) as consolidation therapy given on an outpatient basis. III. Evaluate the feasibility of a second intensive consolidation regimen consisting of BAVC (carmustine/amsacrine/etoposide/cytarabine) followed by autologous stem cell support in patients under age 71 who are in CR and have good performance status.

OUTLINE: Randomized study. All patients are randomly assigned to Arms IA through ID for Induction. Patients who achieve CR and who have adequate organ function and performance status are then randomly assigned to Arm IIA or IIB for Consolidation. At selected centers, patients in CR after their first Consolidation course who are under age 71 and in very good clinical condition are treated on Regimen A (in lieu of a second Consolidation course). The following acronyms are used: AMSA Amsacrine, NSC-249992 ARA-C Cytarabine, NSC-63878 BAVC BCNU/AMSA/VP-16/ARA-C BCNU Carmustine, NSC-409962 DHAD Mitoxantrone, NSC-301739 G-CSF Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor (Rhone-Poulenc Rorer) IDA Idarubicin, NSC-256439 MICE DHAD/ARA-C/VP-16 Mini-ICE IDA/ARA-C/VP-16 PBSC Peripheral Blood Stem Cells VP-16 Etoposide, NSC-141540 INDUCTION: Arm IA: 3-Drug Combination Chemotherapy. MICE. Arm IB: 3-Drug Combination Chemotherapy plus Hematologic Toxicity Attenuation. MICE; plus G-CSF. G-CSF during chemotherapy. Arm IC: 3-Drug Combination Chemotherapy plus Hematologic Toxicity Attenuation. MICE; plus G-CSF. G-CSF after chemotherapy. Arm ID: 3-Drug Combination Chemotherapy plus Hematologic Toxicity Attenuation. MICE; plus G-CSF. G-CSF during and after chemotherapy. CONSOLIDATION: Arm IIA: 3-Drug Combination Chemotherapy. Mini-ICE. Intravenous IDA/VP-16/ARA-C. Arm IIB: 3-Drug Combination Chemotherapy. Mini-ICE. Oral IDA/VP-16 + subcutaneous ARA-C. Regimen A: Stem Cell Mobilization followed by 4-Drug Combination Myeloablative Chemotherapy with Stem Cell Rescue. G-CSF; followed by BAVC; with PBSC.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 500 patients will be randomized for Induction, of whom an anticipated 238 patients will be randomized for Consolidation. If at interim analyses survival is shorter on Regimen A, that regimen will be closed.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 500 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : December 1995
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2001

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   61 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) At least 30% blast cells in bone marrow smear Secondary AML eligible, as follows: Secondary to myelodysplastic syndrome (but not other myeloproliferative diseases) Secondary to cured Hodgkin's disease or other cured malignancy Secondary to alkylating agents or radiation for other reasons Acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3) referred to the collaborative Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche Maligne dell'Adulto-EORTC protocol (EORTC-06952) No blast crisis of chronic myeloid leukemia

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 61 to 80 Performance status: WHO 0-2 Life expectancy: No marked impairment from disease other than AML Hematopoietic: Not applicable Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2 x ULN Renal: Creatinine less than 2 x ULN Cardiovascular: LVEF at least 50% No severe cardiac disease Pulmonary: No severe pulmonary disease Other: HIV seronegative (if tested) No uncontrolled infection No severe neurologic, metabolic, or psychiatric disease No other concomitant disease that precludes protocol therapy No other progressive malignant disease

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior chemotherapy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002719

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Azienda Policlinico Umberto Primo
Rome, Italy, 00161
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Gruppo Italiano Malattie EMatologiche dell'Adulto
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Study Chair: Roel Willemze, MD, PhD Leiden University Medical Center
Study Chair: Franco Mandelli, MD Azienda Policlinico Umberto Primo
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC Identifier: NCT00002719    
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-06954
First Posted: April 29, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2012
Last Verified: June 2012
Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
untreated adult acute myeloid leukemia
adult acute erythroid leukemia (M6)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation (M2)
adult acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4)
adult acute monoblastic leukemia (M5a)
adult acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (M7)
secondary acute myeloid leukemia
adult acute monocytic leukemia (M5b)
adult acute minimally differentiated myeloid leukemia (M0)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Leukocyte Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents