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Immune Response Regulation in People Infected Concurrently With Malarial and Filarial Parasites

This study has been completed.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: June 21, 2006
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

This study, conducted by NIH and the University of Bamako in Mali, Africa, will study the effect of concurrent infections with malaria and filariasis on patients' immune response. Lymphatic filariasis is caused by infection with very small parasitic worms called Wuchereria bancrofti that are acquired from mosquitoes. The worms may cause no illness in many who are infected, but is some, they can cause swelling of the arms, legs, breast and genitalia, which may progress to permanent swelling referred to as elephantiasis. Malaria is caused by Plasmodium falciparum, another parasite that is spread by mosquitoes. It can cause fevers, headaches, body aches and weakness, and, if untreated, it can cause severe illness and death.

The 8-month study will analyze measures of immune function in blood cells from people with or without filarial infections who become infected with malaria. The goal of the studies is to see if having a filarial worm infection affects immunity against malaria. Results of analysis of immune function in persons with malaria but without filaria infections will be compared with those harboring both filaria and malaria infections and also with results from healthy control subjects.

Healthy individuals and patients with malaria and filarial infections between 1 and 8 years of age and between 18 to 65 years of age who live in N'Tessoni and healthy individuals living in Bamako, Mali (controls), may be eligible for this study.

Participants have blood samples collected as follows during the study:

  • A blood sample will be collected at the beginning of the study. Individuals found to have the filarial worm infection have a second sample drawn at nighttime when the filarial worms are present in the blood. Treatment for filaria infection will be offered to all infected individuals at the end of the study.
  • A second sample will be collected during malaria season. Subjects will be interviewed about their health during the malaria season and re-tested for filarial and malaria infections with a finger-prick test. Those who test positive for malaria will be offered treatment to begin immediately after collection of the donated blood sample..
  • A third sample will be collected after the end of the malaria season. Subjects will be interviewed again about their health and re-tested for filarial and malaria infections with a finger prick test. Those who have positive results for either infection will be offered treatment after collec...

Malaria Filarial Infection

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Regulation of Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses in Individuals Infected Concurrently With Malarial and Filarial Parasites

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 360
Study Start Date: April 3, 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 15, 2011
Detailed Description:
Residents of malaria-endemic regions are frequently exposed to a variety of other parasites concurrently with malarial parasites. In Mali, lymphatic filariasis co-exists in several regions highly endemic for malaria. Because of the chronicity of filarial infections and an associated bias towards the development of an adaptive immune response dominated by Th2 cytokines, a pre-existing filarial infection has the potential to alter the immune response towards incoming malarial parasites, clearance of which are considered to be dependent on a robust Th1 response. Conversely, immune responses to filarial parasites may be modulated in the presence of malarial parasites. The goal of this study is to determine the effect of concurrent infections with malarial and filarial parasites on innate and adaptive immune responses to homologous and heterologous antigens. We will characterize the responses of peripheral blood mononuclear cells to antigens derived from both filarial (Wuchereria bancrofti) and malarial (Plasmodium falciparum) parasites in groups of individuals with or without filarial infections and follow them through a malaria transmission season, when they are repeatedly exposed to malarial parasites, to determine how co-infection with the filarial parasite affects the cellular and humoral responses to malarial and filarial antigens. These studies may provide the basis for modifying treatment strategies of mass treatment of malaria in regions co-endemic for lymphatic filariasis.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 65 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Age 1-8 years or age 18-65 years.

Either resident of N'Tessoni (for active cohort) or resident of Bamako (for control cohort).


Pregnancy (for the adult cohort).

Hemoglobin less than or equal to 8g/dl.

Symptoms of malaria with any level of parasitemia.

Recent history or clinical evidence of prostration, bleeding, respiratory distress, seizures, coma or obtundation, jaundice, inability to drink, persistent vomiting.

History of allergy to sulfa or pyrimethamine-sulfadoxine.

Plans to relocate outside the immediate village vicinity during the study period.

Clinical evidence of severe and/or chronic illness as determined by the examining physician.

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00341666

University of Bamako, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontostomatology
Bamako, Mali
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  More Information

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00341666     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999906135
First Submitted: June 19, 2006
First Posted: June 21, 2006
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2017
Last Verified: July 15, 2011

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Immune Regulation
Filarial Infection

Additional relevant MeSH terms: