Immune Response Regulation in People Infected Concurrently With Malarial and Filarial Parasites
This study, conducted by NIH and the University of Bamako in Mali, Africa, will study the effect of concurrent infections with malaria and filariasis on patients' immune response. Lymphatic filariasis is caused by infection with very small parasitic worms called Wuchereria bancrofti that are acquired from mosquitoes. The worms may cause no illness in many who are infected, but is some, they can cause swelling of the arms, legs, breast and genitalia, which may progress to permanent swelling referred to as elephantiasis. Malaria is caused by Plasmodium falciparum, another parasite that is spread by mosquitoes. It can cause fevers, headaches, body aches and weakness, and, if untreated, it can cause severe illness and death.
The 8-month study will analyze measures of immune function in blood cells from people with or without filarial infections who become infected with malaria. The goal of the studies is to see if having a filarial worm infection affects immunity against malaria. Results of analysis of immune function in persons with malaria but without filaria infections will be compared with those harboring both filaria and malaria infections and also with results from healthy control subjects.
Healthy individuals and patients with malaria and filarial infections between 1 and 8 years of age and between 18 to 65 years of age who live in N'Tessoni and healthy individuals living in Bamako, Mali (controls), may be eligible for this study.
Participants have blood samples collected as follows during the study:
- A blood sample will be collected at the beginning of the study. Individuals found to have the filarial worm infection have a second sample drawn at nighttime when the filarial worms are present in the blood. Treatment for filaria infection will be offered to all infected individuals at the end of the study.
- A second sample will be collected during malaria season. Subjects will be interviewed about their health during the malaria season and re-tested for filarial and malaria infections with a finger-prick test. Those who test positive for malaria will be offered treatment to begin immediately after collection of the donated blood sample..
- A third sample will be collected after the end of the malaria season. Subjects will be interviewed again about their health and re-tested for filarial and malaria infections with a finger prick test. Those who have positive results for either infection will be offered treatment after collec...
|Official Title:||Regulation of Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses in Individuals Infected Concurrently With Malarial and Filarial Parasites|
|Study Start Date:||April 2006|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||July 2011|
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00341666
|University of Bamako, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontostomatology|