Clinical Study Evaluating the Gastroprotective Effect of Carvedilol in Patients With Ischemic Heart Disease on Aspirin Therapy
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05553717|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : September 23, 2022
Last Update Posted : September 23, 2022
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|IHD Gastro-Intestinal Disorder Aspirin Induced Esophageal Ulcer||Drug: Carvedilol||Not Applicable|
Gastric ulcer is a common gastrointestinal tract (GIT) disorder that affects about 4 million of the world's population annually, with incidence of complications in approximately 10%-20%. Gastric ulcer impacts negatively on the health-related quality of life of the affected individuals (1). It is characterized by GIT bleeding, perforation, and erosion of the mucosa wall due to imbalance between aggressive factors (acid, pepsin, and Helicobacter pylori) and defensive factors (mucin, prostaglandins (PG), bicarbonate, nitric oxide (NO), mucosal blood flow, and growth factors) (2). Most cases of peptic ulcer disease are associated with Helicobacter pylori infection or the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or both (3). Aspirin or acetylsalicylic acid that has been used as analgesic, antipyretic and antiinflammatory agent against multiple types of inflammation and in the prevention of cardiovascular thrombotic diseases as myocardial infarction (4). Despite its therapeutic benefits, the use of aspirin is a major problem secondary to the associated risk for gastric ulcer (5). Low doses of aspirin were reported to be associated with gastric and duodenal ulcers (6-12). The pathogenesis of aspirin-induced gastric ulceration includes that, the aspirin inhibits the activities of the cyclooxygenase (COX) leading to decrease in prostaglandin (PG) with subsequent reduction in mucus and bicarbonate secretion, decreasing mucosal blood flow, impairment of platelet aggregation, alteration of microvascular structures leading to epithelia damage, increased leukocyte adherence and increased production of inflammatory mediators, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and decreased antioxidant enzymes (13). Enteric-coated aspirin has less gastrointestinal toxicity, but as compared to uncoated formulations, its plasma peak level after oral intake seems slower than traditional formulation (3 to 4 hours vs 15 to 20 minutes). In addition, enteric-coated aspirin is also associated with reduced bioavailability (14). Carvedilol is an antihypertensive agent that is commonly used in the treatment of arterial hypertension, heart failure, and angina pectoris based on its combined β- and α1- blocking activities. its therapeutic benefit also includes its antioxidant and antiperoxidative properties. It has been also shown that, carvedilol acts as a metal scavenger and can protect mitochondria against oxidative damage (15). Furthermore, carvedilol showed anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities against renal, hepato, and cardiotoxicity. Additionally, it is hypothesized that carvedilol has protective effects against aspirin-induced gastric ulcer or gastrointestinal toxicity (16). Very few studies are present regarding the protective effects of Carvedilol on aspirin-induced gastric ulcer. A recent study revealed that, Carvedilol use was associated with an improvement in histopathological pictures of gastric ulcers in animals' model of cold stress ulcer (17).
The previously mentioned findings highlight the need for further studies to evaluate the role of carvedilol as gastroprotective in patient on aspirin therapy.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||66 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Official Title:||Clinical Study Evaluating the Gastroprotective Effect of Carvedilol in Patients With Ischemic Heart Disease on Aspirin Therapy|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||October 2022|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||October 2023|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||October 2023|
Active Comparator: group 1
33 patients who will receive aspirin 150mg + carvedilol 12.5mg twice daily plus other traditional therapy of ischemia for three months.
No Intervention: group 2 control
33 patients who will receive aspirin 150mg + Captopril 12.5mg twice daily plus other traditional therapy of ischemia for three months.
- Evaluation the change in gastrointestinal symptoms. [ Time Frame: 3 months ]improve gastrointestinal symptoms by assessment the change in SAGIS questionnaire
- Quality of life of IHD patients [ Time Frame: 3 months ]Improve quality of life according SAQ-7 questionair
- the changes in the measured biomarkers [ Time Frame: 3 months ]Hydroxynonenal serum level , high level indicate gastric ulcer , using commercially available ELISA kit.
- Change in PGE2 [ Time Frame: 3 months ]High level of PGE2 indicate gastric mucosa integrity,using commercially available ELISA kit.
- Change in Gastrin-17 serum . [ Time Frame: 3 months ]Low level of gastrin-17 indicate high acid output ,using commercially available ELISA kit.
- Malondialdehyde (MDA) serum level [ Time Frame: 3months ]indicator of oxidative stress and can be measured in ulcerative and inflammatory conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, using commercially available method (colorimetric method).
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||25 Years to 60 Years (Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Age 25-60 years.
- Both genders.
- Patient with IHD including myocardial infarction, unstable angina and chronic stable angina on aspirin therapy.
- Patients with hypertension.
- Patients on low dose aspirin therapy for at least 3 months.
- Subjects with history of gastrointestinal disease, gastroduodenal surgery, H. pylori infection.
- History or current diagnosis of major depressive disorder or other psychiatric disorders.
- Patients already under histamine-2 receptor antagonist, proton pump inhibitor, misoprostol or gastrofate within 2 weeks of entering this study.
- Patients who are allergic to aspirin and NSAIDs, who have an intolerance to aspirin and NSAIDs.
- Subjects with a previous or current history of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, or other gastric acid hypersecretion disorders.
- Pregnancy or lactation.
- Patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class B and C) or total bilirubin level ≥ 1.2 mg/dl.
- Patients with renal impairment (creatinine clearance less than 50mg/dl).
|Responsible Party:||Sarah Mohamed Elkablawy, Clinical pharmacy master candidate, Tanta University|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
carvedilol as Gastroprotective
|First Posted:||September 23, 2022 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||September 23, 2022|
|Last Verified:||September 2022|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
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