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A Phase 1b/2 Trial of the Safety and Microbiological Activity of Bacteriophage Therapy in Cystic Fibrosis Subjects Colonized With Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05453578
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 12, 2022
Last Update Posted : November 28, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:
This is a phase 1b/2 study of a single dose of intravenous (IV) bacteriophage in males and non-pregnant females, at least 18 years old, diagnosed with Cystic Fibrosis (CF). This clinical trial is designed to assess the safety and microbiological activity of bacteriophage product WRAIR_PAM-CF1, directed at Pseudomonas aeruginosa in clinically stable CF individuals chronically colonized with P. aeruginosa. WRAIR_PAM-CF1 is a 4 component anti-pseudomonal bacteriophage mixture containing between 4 x 10^7 and 4 x 10^9 Plaque Forming Units (PFU) of bacteriophage. Enrollment will occur at up to 20 clinical sites in the United States. In stage 1, two eligible subjects will be assigned to each of the three dosing arms receiving a single dosage of the IV bacteriophage therapy (4 x 10^7 PFU, 4 x 10^8 PFU, and 4 x 10^9 PFU; total of 6 sentinel subjects), followed by 30 ± 7 days observation period. If no SAEs (related to the study product) are identified during the 96 hours after bacteriophage administration for all Sentinel Subjects in Stage 1, the study will proceed to Stage 2. In Stage 2a, 32 subjects will be enrolled into one of 4 arms (placebo IV, 4 x 10^7 PFU, 4 x 10^8 PFU, and 4 x 10^9 PFU) in a 1:1:1:1 allocation. An interim analysis will be performed after all subjects have completed follow up visit 7 on Day 30 to select the IV bacteriophage dose with the most favorable safety and microbiological activity profile. During Stage 2b, subjects will be randomized into the bacteriophage (dose selected based on Interim Analysis following Stage 2a) or placebo arm. The final sample size is expected to be up to 72 subjects total with up to 25 subjects in the placebo arm and up to 25 subjects in the Stage 2b bacteriophage dose.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bacterial Disease Carrier Cystic Fibrosis Other: Placebo Biological: WRAIR_PAM-CF1 Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is a phase 1b/2, multicenter, randomized placebo-controlled double-blind study of a single dose of intravenous (IV) bacteriophage in males and non-pregnant females, at least 18 years old, diagnosed with Cystic Fibrosis (CF). This clinical trial is designed to assess the safety and microbiological activity of bacteriophage product WRAIR_PAM-CF1, directed at P. aeruginosa in clinically stable CF individuals chronically colonized with P. aeruginosa. WRAIR_PAM-CF1 is a 4 component anti-pseudomonal bacteriophage mixture containing between 4 x 10^7 and 4 x 10^9 Plaque Forming Units (PFU) of bacteriophage. Enrollment will occur at up to 20 clinical sites in the United States. In stage 1, two sentinel subjects will be assigned to each of the three dosing arms receiving a single dosage of the IV bacteriophage therapy (4 x 10^7 PFU, 4 x 10^8 PFU, and 4 x 10^9 PFU; total of 6 sentinel subjects), followed by 30 ± 7 days observation period. If no SAEs (related to the study product) are identified during the 96 hours after bacteriophage administration for all Sentinel Subjects in Stage 1, the study will proceed to Stage 2. In Stage 2a, 32 subjects will be enrolled into one of 4 arms (placebo IV, 4 x 10^7 PFU, 4 x 10^8 PFU, and 4 x 10^9 PFU) in a 1:1:1:1 allocation. An interim analysis will be performed after all subjects have completed follow up visit 7 on Day 30 to select the IV bacteriophage dose with the most favorable safety and microbiological activity profile. During Stage 2b, subjects will be randomized into the bacteriophage (dose selected based on Interim Analysis following Stage 2a) or placebo arm. The final sample size is expected to be up to 72 subjects total with up to 25 subjects in the placebo arm and up to 25 subjects in the Stage 2b bacteriophage dose. The primary objectives of this study are to 1) describe the safety of a single dose of IV bacteriophage therapy in clinically stable CF subjects with P. aeruginosa in expectorated sputum; 2) describe the microbiological activity of a single dose of IV bacteriophage therapy in clinically stable CF subjects with P. aeruginosa in expectorated sputum; 3) describe the benefit to risk profile of a single dose of IV bacteriophage therapy in clinically stable CF subjects with P. aeruginosa in expectorated sputum.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 72 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1b/2, Multi-Centered, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of the Safety and Microbiological Activity of a Single Dose of Bacteriophage Therapy in Cystic Fibrosis Subjects Colonized With Pseudomonas Aeruginosa
Actual Study Start Date : October 3, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 28, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 28, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Cystic Fibrosis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Stage 1/2a Arm 2
4x10^7 plaque forming units (PFU) of WRAIR_PAM-CF1 administered intravenously with approximately 25 mL of 0.9 percent Sodium Chloride saline solution for 30 mins as a single dosage. Stage 1: N=2 (sentinel subjects); Stage 2a: N=8
Biological: WRAIR_PAM-CF1
Bacteriophage combination composed of the following four bacteriophages: WRAIR_EPa11, WRAIR_EPa39, WRAIR_EPa83 and WRAIR_EPa87

Active Comparator: Stage 1/2a Arm 3
4x10^8 plaque forming units (PFU) of WRAIR_PAM-CF1 administered intravenously with approximately 25 mL of 0.9 percent Sodium Chloride saline solution for 30 mins as a single dosage. Stage 1: N=2 (sentinel subjects); Stage 2a: N=8
Biological: WRAIR_PAM-CF1
Bacteriophage combination composed of the following four bacteriophages: WRAIR_EPa11, WRAIR_EPa39, WRAIR_EPa83 and WRAIR_EPa87

Active Comparator: Stage 1/2a Arm 4
4x10^9 plaque forming units (PFU) of WRAIR_PAM-CF1 administered intravenously with approximately 25 mL of 0.9 percent Sodium Chloride saline solution for 30 mins as a single dosage. Stage 1: N=2 (sentinel subjects); Stage 2a: N=8
Biological: WRAIR_PAM-CF1
Bacteriophage combination composed of the following four bacteriophages: WRAIR_EPa11, WRAIR_EPa39, WRAIR_EPa83 and WRAIR_EPa87

Placebo Comparator: Stage 2a Arm 1
25 mL of 0.9 percent Sodium Chloride saline solution administered intravenously for 30 mins as a single dosage. N=8
Other: Placebo
0.9 percent sodium chloride

Placebo Comparator: Stage 2b Arm 1
25 mL of 0.9 percent Sodium Chloride saline solution administered intravenously for 30 mins as a single dosage. N=17
Other: Placebo
0.9 percent sodium chloride

Active Comparator: Stage 2b Arm 2
WRAIR_PAM-CF1 concentration determined after post stage 2a analysis, administered intravenously with 25 mL of 0.9 percent Sodium Chloride saline solution for 30 mins as a single dosage. N=17
Biological: WRAIR_PAM-CF1
Bacteriophage combination composed of the following four bacteriophages: WRAIR_EPa11, WRAIR_EPa39, WRAIR_EPa83 and WRAIR_EPa87




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from baseline in log10 P. aeruginosa total colony counts in quantitative sputum cultures [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 30 ± 7 ]
  2. Desirability of Outcome Ranking (DOOR) [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 8 ± 1 ]
    Rank 1 (more desirable): No serious adverse events (SAE) (related to study product) and > 2 log10 reduction in P. aeruginosa colony forming units (CFU)/mL; Rank 2: No SAE (related to study product) and 1-2 log10 reduction in P. aeruginosa CFU/mL; Rank 3: No SAE (related to study product) and <1 log10 reduction in P. aeruginosa CFU/mL; Rank 4 (less desirable): SAE (related to study product)

  3. Number of grade 2 or higher treatment-emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 30 ± 7 ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Subjects must meet all the inclusion criteria to be eligible to participate in the study:

  1. Adult (>/= 18 years) at the time of screening.
  2. Confirmed CF diagnosis based on a compatible clinical syndrome confirmed by either an abnormal sweat chloride testing or two CFTR gene variations.*

    *Can be obtained from documentation in medical records; actual test results not necessary.

  3. Likely able to produce at least 2 mL of sputum during a 30-minute sputum collection following a hypertonic saline treatment or other approach to increase sputum production.*

    **Determined by investigator or their designee judgement. Approaches for obtaining sputum may include, but are not limited to, inhaled hypertonic saline (e.g. 3%, 7%, or 10%), inhaled hypertonic bicarbonate, inhaled mannitol, or spontaneously expectorated sputum. The same approach should be used for all sputum collections for a given subject.

  4. P. aeruginosa (regardless of Colony Forming Units (CFU)/mL) isolated from a sputum, throat culture, or other respiratory specimen in the past 12 months.
  5. Confirmed P. aeruginosa isolation from a sample of expectorated sputum at the Screening Visit.
  6. Capable of providing informed consent.
  7. Capable and willing to complete all study visits and perform all procedures required by the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects who meet any of the exclusion criteria will not be enrolled in the study:

  1. Body weight < 30 kg.
  2. Forced Expiratory Volume 1 second < 20% of predicted value at screening, using the Hankinson equations.
  3. Elevated LFTs obtained at screening.*

    *a. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 5 x the upper limit of normal (ULN) or aspartate transaminase (AST) > 5 x ULN or total bilirubin > 3 x ULN, OR b. Total bilirubin > 1.5 x ULN combined with either ALT > 3 x ULN or AST > 3 x ULN. ULN reflects local laboratory ranges.

  4. Acute clinical illness requiring a new (oral, parenteral), or inhaled antibiotic(s) </= 30 days prior to the baseline visit.*

    *Does not include chronic suppressive medications or cyclic dosing medications such as inhaled antibiotics.

  5. Women who are pregnant, planning to become pregnant during the study period, or breastfeeding.* *Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin test during screening and agree to use an effective method of contraception for the duration of the trial.*

    *A female is considered of childbearing potential unless postmenopausal, or surgically sterilized and at least 3 months has passed since sterilization procedure.

    1. Female surgical sterilization procedures include tubal ligation, bilateral salpingectomy, hysterectomy, or bilateral oophorectomy.
    2. Female is considered postmenopausal if she is >45 years old and has gone at least 12 months without a spontaneous menstrual period without other known or suspected cause.
    3. Effective methods of contraception include (a) abstinence, (b) partner vasectomy, (c) intrauterine devices, (d) hormonal implants (such as Implanon), or (e) other hormonal methods (birth control pills, injections, patches, vaginal rings).
  6. Active treatment of any mycobacterial or fungal organisms </=30 days prior to baseline. Chronic treatment for suppression of fungal populations is allowable.
  7. Anticipated need to change chronic antibiotic regimens during the study period.*

    *Subjects on cyclic dosing medications such as inhaled antibiotics, must be able and express willingness to keep the therapies at the time of screening constant (either remain on the therapy or not remain on the therapy) for the duration of the follow-up period (approximately 30 days). Subjects on chronic suppressive antimicrobial therapy must be able and express willingness to stay on the therapies for the duration of their follow-up period. This includes chronic azithromycin therapy.

  8. Known allergy to any component of the study product.
  9. Any significant finding that, in the opinion of the investigator, would make it unsafe for the subject to participate in this study.
  10. Enrolled in a clinical trial within </=30 days of the baseline/dosing visit, or participating in a clinical trial while enrolled in this clinical trial (inclusive of vaccine trials).
  11. Currently or previously enrolled in this trial.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05453578


Contacts
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Contact: Robert Turner Schooley 18582462693 rschooley@ucsd.edu
Contact: Pranita Tamma 4106141492 ptamma1@jhmi.edu

Locations
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United States, California
University of California, San Diego Not yet recruiting
La Jolla, California, United States, 92037
University of California Davis Health Not yet recruiting
Sacramento, California, United States, 95816
Stanford University Not yet recruiting
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
United States, Florida
University of South Florida/Tampa General Hospital Not yet recruiting
Tampa, Florida, United States, 22612
United States, Georgia
Emory University Not yet recruiting
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30324
United States, Iowa
University of Iowa Not yet recruiting
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University Not yet recruiting
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205
United States, Michigan
Michigan Medicine Not yet recruiting
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
United States, Minnesota
University of Minnesota Medical Center Recruiting
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455-0341
United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis Not yet recruiting
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center Not yet recruiting
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Ohio
Case Western Reserve University Recruiting
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
United States, Pennsylvania
UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh/ University of Pittsburgh Not yet recruiting
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
United States, Texas
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Not yet recruiting
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390
United States, Wisconsin
Medical College of Wisconsin Not yet recruiting
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, 53226
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05453578    
Other Study ID Numbers: 20-0001
5UM1AI104681-10 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: July 12, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 28, 2022
Last Verified: November 4, 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Bacteriophage therapy
Cystic Fibrosis
Microbiological Activity
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Safety
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pseudomonas Infections
Bacterial Infections
Cystic Fibrosis
Fibrosis
Pathologic Processes
Pancreatic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections and Mycoses
Infections