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Margetuximab Plus Tucatinib and Capecitabine in HER2-positive Metastatic Breast Cancer (MARGARET)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05227131
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Funder decided to not continue the study)
First Posted : February 7, 2022
Last Update Posted : July 11, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
MacroGenics
Seagen Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
MedSIR

Brief Summary:
This is a multicenter, open-label, single-arm, phase II clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of margetuximab in combination with tucatinib and capecitabine in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive metastatic breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Breast Cancer Advanced Breast Cancer HER2-positive Breast Cancer Drug: Margetuximab Drug: Tucatinib Drug: Capecitabine Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Male and female patients age ≥ 18 years with pre-treated HER2-positive unresectable locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (MBC) with a low affinity CD16A (FcγRIIIA) germline genotype (F/F or F/V allele) that are not candidates for curative intent.

The number of patients to be included is 41. The primary objective is to assess the efficacy, as determined by overall response rate (ORR), of the combination of margetuximab and tucatinib plus capecitabine.

After signing ICF and confirmed eligibility, patients will receive the combination of margetuximab 15 mg/kg by intravenous infusion on Day 1 of each cycle (no loading dose is required), capecitabine at 1000 mg per square meter of body-surface area orally twice daily on days 1 to 14 of each 21-day cycle, and tucatinib 300 mg orally twice daily (every 12 hours) continuously in 21-day cycles.

During the study, no further chemotherapy, hormonotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, or experimental drugs will be allowed.

Patients will receive treatment until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, death, or discontinuation from the study treatment for any other reason.

Patients discontinuing the study treatment period will enter a post-treatment follow-up period during which survival and new anti-cancer therapy information will be collected every three months (± 14 days) from the last dose of investigational product until the end of study (EoS).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Margetuximab in Combination With Tucatinib and Capecitabine in Patients With HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer
Estimated Study Start Date : May 15, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Margetuximab + Tucatinib + Capecitabine
All eligible patients will receive the combination of margetuximab 15 mg/kg by intravenous infusion on Day 1 of each cycle (no loading dose is required), capecitabine at 1000 mg per square meter of body-surface area orally twice daily on days 1 to 14 of each 21-day cycle, and tucatinib 300 mg orally twice daily (every 12 hours) continuously in 21-day cycles.
Drug: Margetuximab
Margetuximab (15 mg/kg) will be administrated by intravenous infusion on Day 1 of each cycle.

Drug: Tucatinib
Tucatinib (300 mg) will be administrated orally twice daily (every 12 hours) continuously in 21-day cycles.

Drug: Capecitabine
Capecitabine (1000 mg per square meter of body-surface area) will be administrated orally twice daily on days 1 to 14 of each 21-day cycle




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy (Overall Response Rate (ORR)) [ Time Frame: 29 months ]
    The primary efficacy endpoint is the overall response rate (ORR), which is defined as the number of patients with complete response (CR) and partial response (PR) divided by the number of patients in the analysis set. CR and PR must be radiologically confirmed at the next tumor assessment after initial observation of response, as determined locally by the Investigator through the use of RECIST v.1.1 criteria.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy (unconfirmed ORR) [ Time Frame: 29 months ]
    Unconfirmed ORR, defined as the number of patients who experience a CR or PR divided by the number of patients in the analysis set. Tumor response will be defined as determined locally by the Investigator according to RECIST v.1.1 criteria.

  2. Efficacy (CBR) [ Time Frame: 29 months ]
    Clinical benefit rate (CBR) is defined as the number of patients with CR, PR, or stable disease (SD) (for at least 24 weeks) divided by the number of patients in the analysis set. Tumor response will be evaluated by local Investigator's assessment according to RECIST v.1.1 criteria.

  3. Efficacy (PFS) [ Time Frame: 29 months ]
    Progression-free survival (PFS) is defined as the period of time from treatment initiation to the first occurrence of disease progression or death from any cause, whichever occurs first, as determined locally by the Investigator through the use of RECIST v.1.1 criteria. Patients with no progression or no death will be censored at the date of their last evaluable imaging.

  4. Efficacy (TTP) [ Time Frame: 29 months ]
    Time to tumor progression (TTP) is defined as the length of time from treatment initiation until the disease starts to get worse or spread to other parts of the body as determined locally by the Investigator through the use of RECIST v.1.1 criteria.

  5. Efficacy (TTR) [ Time Frame: 29 months ]
    Time to tumor response (TTR) is defined as the time from the treatment initiation to time of the first objective tumor response (tumor shrinkage of ≥ 30%) observed for patients who achieved a CR or PR, as determined locally by the Investigator through the use of RECIST v.1.1 criteria.

  6. Efficacy (DoR) [ Time Frame: 29 months ]
    Duration of response (DoR) is defined as the time from the first occurrence of a documented objective response to disease progression or death from any cause, whichever occurs first, as determined locally by the Investigator through the use of RECIST v.1.1 criteria.

  7. Efficacy (maximun tumor reduction) [ Time Frame: 29 months ]
    Maximum tumor reduction is defined as the best percentage of change from baseline in the size of target tumor lesions (the biggest decrease, or smallest increase if no decrease will be observed), as determined locally by the Investigator through the use of RECIST v.1.1 criteria.

  8. Efficacy (OS) [ Time Frame: 29 months ]
    Overall survival (OS) is defined as the time from treatment initiation to death from any cause. Patients without documented death at the time of the final analysis will be censored at the date of the last follow-up.

  9. Safety AEs and SAEs [ Time Frame: 29 months ]
    Incidence and severity of adverse events (AEs), serious adverse events (SAEs) according to the National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) v.5.0, including dose reductions, delays, and treatment discontinuations.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must meet all of the following inclusion criteria to be eligible for enrollment into the study:

    1. Signed Informed Consent Form (ICF) prior to participation in any study-related activities.
    2. Male or female patients ≥ 18 years of age at the time of signing ICF.
    3. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0 or 1.
    4. Life expectancy of ≥ 16 weeks.
    5. Histologically confirmed HER2-positive breast cancer according to American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists (ASCO/CAP) guidelines 2018 based on local testing on the most recent analyzed biopsy.

      Note: Central confirmation of HER2-positive status is not required for study entry. However, tissue blocks, or slides, must be submitted to confirm HER2 positivity by a Sponsor-designated central laboratory retrospectively.

    6. Tumors may be estrogen receptor (ER)/progesterone receptor (PgR) positive or negative.
    7. Disease progression after last systemic therapy documented by computerized tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

      Note: Exclusive tumor marker elevation will not be considered sufficient for diagnosis of disease progression.

    8. Centrally confirmed low affinity CD16A germline genotype (F/F or F/V).
    9. Measurable disease as per RECIST v.1.1 criteria.
    10. Have received treatment with at least one, and no more than three, HER2-targeting treatment regimens overall for unresectable locally advanced or MBC. Earlier adjuvant or neoadjuvant HER2-targeted therapy for more limited disease will be considered as one of the required prior regimens if the development of unresectable locally advanced or metastatic disease occurred within a 6-month period of time after completion of anti-HER2 therapy. In any case, patients must have received prior treatment with any anti-HER2 antibody drug conjugate (ADC) in the (neo)adjuvant or metastatic setting.

      Note: Eligible patients must have progressed on or following, the most recent line of therapy. Dose interruptions, delays, pauses during previous therapy, or changes in therapy to manage toxicity will not constitute a new line of therapy provided disease progression did not occur.

    11. Willingness and ability to provide a tumor biopsy at study entry and after progression from either metastatic or primary tissues in order to perform exploratory studies. If not feasible, patient eligibility should be evaluated by a Sponsor's qualified designee.

      Note: Subjects for whom tumor biopsy cannot be obtained (e.g., inaccessible tumor or subject safety concern) may submit archival pathological material from either metastatic or primary sites, but the most recent tumor biopsy from the patient should be obtained when available at both timepoints.

    12. Central nervous system (CNS) metastases inclusion; based on screening brain imaging (CT or MRI), patients must have one of the following:

      1. No evidence of brain metastases;
      2. Untreated and asymptomatic CNS metastases not needing immediate local therapy. Patients with untreated lesions >2.0 cm on screening contrast brain MRI, require analysis and approval from the medical monitor prior to enrollment.
      3. Patients with history of CNS lesions assessable by RECIST v1.1 are eligible if they have been definitively treated with local therapy, are non-progressing, and off anticonvulsants and steroids. A specific washout period from the end of local therapy for CNS lesions to the first dose of study treatment is mandatory (one week for stereotactic radiosurgery, three weeks for whole brain radiation therapy, and four weeks for surgical resection).
    13. Resolution of all acute toxic effects of prior anti-cancer therapy to grade ≤ 1 as determined by the National Cancer Institute-Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v.5.0 criteria (except for alopecia or other toxicities not considered a safety risk for the patient at Investigator's discretion).
    14. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of >50% as assessed by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multi-gated acquisition scan (MUGA) scan documented within 28 days prior to first dose of study treatment.
    15. Adequate hematologic and organ function within 28 days before the first study treatment on Cycle 1 Day 1, defined by the following:

      1. Hematological: White blood cell (WBC) count > 3.0 x 109/L, absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1.5 x 109/L, platelet count ≥ 100 x 103/μL (patients with stable platelet count from 75-100 x 103/μL may be included with approval by the medical monitor), and hemoglobin (Hb) > 9.0 g/dL.
      2. Hepatic: Serum albumin ≥ 3 g/dL; Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (× ULN) (≤ 3 x ULN in the case of Gilbert's disease); aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 × ULN (in the case of liver metastases ≤ 5 × ULN); alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ≤ 2.5 × ULN (≤ 5 × ULN in the case of liver and/or bone metastases).
      3. Renal: Serum creatinine < 1.5 × ULN or creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min based on Cockcroft-Gault glomerular filtration rate estimation.
      4. International normalized ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) ≤ 1.5 x ULN unless on medication known to alter INR and/or aPTT.
    16. For women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at 1 week prior to the start of treatment and a further confirmation test on Day 1 (C1D1) before receiving the first dose, and must agree to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or to use a medically acceptable method of contraception during the study and up to 7 months after the last dose of study drug, and agree to refrain from donating eggs during this same period.
    17. Men with female partners of childbearing potential must remain abstinent or use a medically acceptable method of contraception during the treatment period and up to 7 months after the last dose of study drug.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients will be excluded from the study if they meet any of the following criteria:

    1. Inability to comply with study and follow-up procedures.
    2. Prior exposure to margetuximab, capecitabine or other fluoropyrimidine [e.g., 5-fluorouracil] or any HER2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) tucatinib, and/or dual HER2/epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) TKIs (lapatinib, neratinib, afatinib, etc.) except for the following conditions:

      1. Lapatinib at least 12 months prior to starting study treatment (except in cases where lapatinib was given for ≤ 21 days and was discontinued for reasons other than disease progression or severe toxicity);
      2. Patients who have received capecitabine for adjuvant or neoadjuvant treatment at least 12 months prior to starting study treatment are eligible (except in cases where capecitabine was given for ≤ 21 days and was discontinued for reasons other than disease progression or severe toxicity).
    3. Presence of carcinomatous meningitis or leptomeningeal disease.
    4. Extracranial radiation therapy within 14 days (seven days for limited-field palliative radiotherapy) prior to study enrolment, or patients who have not recovered from radiotherapy-related toxicities to grade ≤ 1.
    5. Major surgery (defined as requiring general anesthesia) or significant traumatic injury within 14 days from the start of study treatment (28 days for brain surgical resection), or patients who have not recovered from the side effects of any major surgery.
    6. Patients have a concurrent malignancy or malignancy within five years of study enrollment with the exception of carcinoma in situ of the cervix, non-melanoma skin carcinoma, or stage I uterine cancer. For other cancers considered to have a low risk of recurrence, discussion with the Sponsor's Medical Monitor is required.
    7. Treatment with approved or investigational cancer therapy within 14 days prior to initiation of study drugs.
    8. History of prior allogeneic bone marrow, stem-cell, or solid organ transplantation.
    9. Treatment with systemic steroids (e.g., ≥ 10 mg prednisone per day or equivalent) or other immunosuppressive drugs within 14 days prior to study treatment initiation. Standard premedication for margetuximab and topical applications of steroids are allowed.
    10. Current known infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C virus (HCV). Patients with past HBV infection or resolved HBV infection (defined as having a negative hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] test and a positive hepatitis B core antibody [HBcAb] test, accompanied by a negative HBV DNA test) are eligible. Patients positive for HCV antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is negative for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA).
    11. Active uncontrolled infection at the time of enrollment.
    12. Congenital long QT syndrome or screening QT interval corrected using Fridericia's formula (QTcF) > 480 milliseconds.
    13. Patients with clinically significant cardiovascular disease including but not limited to any of the following:

      1. Stroke, transient ischemic attack, unstable angina pectoris, or documented myocardial infarction within six months prior to study entry.
      2. Symptomatic pericarditis or clinically significant pericardial effusion or myocarditis.
      3. Documented congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association functional classification III- IV).
      4. Uncontrolled, persistent hypertension defined as systolic blood pressure > 160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure > 100 mmHg.
    14. Patients have any of the following cardiac conduction abnormalities:

      1. Ventricular arrhythmias except for benign premature ventricular contractions.
      2. Supraventricular and nodal arrhythmias requiring a pacemaker or not controlled with medication.
      3. Conduction abnormality requiring a pacemaker.
      4. Other cardiac arrhythmia not controlled with medication.
    15. Patients have any other concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical condition that would, in the Investigator's judgment contraindicate patient participation in the clinical study.
    16. Patients with pulmonary disease requiring continuous oxygen therapy.
    17. History of malabsorption syndrome or other condition that would interfere with enteral absorption or results in the inability or unwillingness to swallow pills.
    18. Vaccination with any live virus vaccine within 28 days prior to study treatment initiation.
    19. Known hypersensitivity to recombinant proteins, or any excipient contained in the drug formulation for margetuximab, tucatinib, or capecitabine.
    20. Use of a strong cytochrome P450 2C8 (CYP2C8) inhibitors within two weeks, or use of a strong cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) or CYP2C8 inducers within five days prior to the first dose of study treatment. CYP3A4 or CYP2C8 inducers and CYP2C8 inhibitors are also prohibited as concomitant medications within two weeks of discontinuation of tucatinib treatment. Use of sensitive CYP3A substrates should be avoided two weeks before enrollment and during study treatment.
    21. Require therapy with warfarin or other coumarin derivatives (non-coumarin anticoagulants are allowed).
    22. Have known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency.
    23. Pregnant, breastfeeding, or intending to become pregnant during the study or within 30 days after the last dose of study treatments.
    24. Concurrent participation in other clinical trial, except other translational studies.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05227131


Sponsors and Collaborators
MedSIR
MacroGenics
Seagen Inc.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Javier Cortés, MD, PhD MedSIR
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Responsible Party: MedSIR
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05227131    
Other Study ID Numbers: MEDOPP447
2021-006387-24 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: February 7, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 11, 2022
Last Verified: July 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by MedSIR:
Metastatic Breast Cancer
Breast Cancer
HER2-positive
Tucatinib
Margetuximab
Capecitabine
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Capecitabine
Tucatinib
Margetuximab
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors