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Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Alpelisib Plus Fulvestrant in Participants With HR-postitive (HR+), HER2-negative, Advanced Breast Cancer After Treatment With a CDK4/6 Inhibitor and an Aromatase Inhibitor. (EPIK-B5)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05038735
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 9, 2021
Last Update Posted : July 26, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to complement Study CBYL719C2301 (SOLAR-1) and obtain more comprehensive data on the efficacy and safety of alpelisib (BYL719) in combination with fulvestrant compared with placebo plus fulvestrant in men or postmenopausal women with HR-positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer with a PIK3CA mutation who progressed or relapsed on or after treatment with an AI plus a CDK4/6 inhibitor.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: Alpelisib Drug: Fulvestrant Drug: Alpelisib-matching placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This is a Phase III, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, international, multi-center trial. Approximately 234 men and postmenopausal women will be randomized to either alpelisib plus fulvestrant or alpelisib-matching placebo plus fulvestrant. Randomization will follow a 1:1 randomization ratio and be stratified by presence of lung and/or liver metastases (yes vs. no) and setting at last prior CDK4/6 inhibitor therapy (adjuvant vs metastatic).

Study treatment with alpelisib plus fulvestrant or alpelisib-matching placebo plus fulvestrant will be initiated on Cycle 1 Day 1, and will continue until disease progression per RECIST v1.1 as per BIRC assessment, start of new antineoplastic therapy, death, lost to follow-up, or withdrawal of consent. A cycle is defined as 28 days.

Participants randomized to the alpelisib-matching placebo plus fulvestrant arm who have disease progression per RECIST v1.1 as assessed by BIRC will have the option to crossover to be treated with alpelisib plus fulvestrant.

Unblinding a single participant at a site will be permitted after disease progression confirmed by BIRC after discussion with the Novartis team to determine eligibility for cross-over to treatment with alpelisib plus fulvestrant.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 234 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: EPIK-B5: A Phase III, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study of Alpelisib in Combination With Fulvestrant for Men and Postmenopausal Women With HR-positive, HER2-negative Advanced Breast Cancer With a PIK3CA Mutation, Who Progressed on or After Aromatase Inhibitor and a CDK4/6 Inhibitor
Actual Study Start Date : November 29, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 31, 2026
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 23, 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer
Drug Information available for: Fulvestrant

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Alpelisib plus fulvestrant
Alpelisib 300 mg orally once daily on a continuous dosing schedule, in a 28-day cycle + fulvestrant 500 mg as intramuscular injection on Cycle 1 Day 1 and 15, and on Day 1 on every Cycle thereafter, in a 28 days cycle.
Drug: Alpelisib
Alpelisib (tablets) administered at 300mg orally once daily on a continuous dosing schedule starting on Cycle 1 Day 1 in a 28 day cycle.

Drug: Fulvestrant
Fulvestrant (prefilled syringe) 500mg administered intramuscularly at Cycle 1 Day 1 and 15 and then at Day 1 of each subsequent cycle (each cycle is 28 days).

Placebo Comparator: Alpelisib-matching placebo plus fulvestrant
Alpelisib-matching placebo orally once daily on a continuous dosing schedule, in a 28-day cycle + fulvestrant 500 mg as intramuscular injection on Cycle 1 Day 1 and 15 and on Day 1 on every Cycle thereafter, in a 28 days cycle. Participants who have disease progression per RECIST v1.1 as assessed by BIRC will have the option to crossover to be treated with alpelisib plus fulvestrant
Drug: Fulvestrant
Fulvestrant (prefilled syringe) 500mg administered intramuscularly at Cycle 1 Day 1 and 15 and then at Day 1 of each subsequent cycle (each cycle is 28 days).

Drug: Alpelisib-matching placebo
Alpelisib-matching placebo (tablets) administered orally once daily on a continuous dosing schedule starting on Cycle 1 Day 1 in a 28 day cycle.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS) based on BIRC assessments and using RECIST v1.1 criteria [ Time Frame: From randomization to date of the first documented progression or death due to any cause, assessed up to a maximum duration of 60 months. ]
    To determine whether treatment with alpelisib plus fulvestrant prolongs progression-free survival (PFS) compared to treatment with placebo plus fulvestrant. PFS is the defined as the time from randomization to date of randomization to the date of the first documented progression as per BIRC criteria using RECIST v1.1 or death due to any cause, whichever comes first.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization to the date of death up to a maximum duration of 60 months ]
    To determine whether treatment with alpelisib plus fulvestrant prolongs overall survival (OS) compared to treatment with placebo plus fulvestrant. OS is defined as the time from randomization to the date of death due to any cause

  2. Overall response rate (ORR) with confirmed response based on BIRC assessments and using RECIST v1.1 criteria [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization up to a maximum duration of 60 months ]
    To evaluate alpelisib plus fulvestrant compared to placebo plus fulvestrant, with regards to objective response by RECIST 1.1 criteria. Overall response rate (ORR) with confirmed response is defined as the proportion of participants with best overall response (BOR) of confirmed complete response (CR) or confirmed partial response (PR), as per BIRC and according to RECIST 1.1

  3. Clinical benefit rate (CBR) with confirmed response based on BIRC assessments and using RECIST v1.1 criteria [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization up to a maximum duration of 60 months ]
    To evaluate alpelisib plus fulvestrant compared to placebo plus fulvestrant, with regards to objective response by RECIST 1.1 criteria. CBR with confirmed response is defined as the proportion of participants with a best overall response of confirmed CR or PR, or SD lasting for a duration of at least 24 weeks. CR, PR and SD are defined as per BIRC review according to RECIST 1.1

  4. Duration of response (DOR) with confirmed response based on BIRC assessments and using RECIST v1.1 criteria [ Time Frame: From first documented response to the date of first progression or deaths, up to a maximum duration of 60 months ]
    To evaluate alpelisib plus fulvestrant compared to placebo plus fulvestrant, with regards to objective response by RECIST 1.1 criteria. Duration of response (DOR) with confirmed response only applies to participants whose best overall response is confirmed complete response (CR) or confirmed partial response (PR) according to RECIST 1.1 based on tumor response data per BIRC review. The start date is the date of first documented response of CR or PR and the end date is defined as the date of the first documented progression or death due to underlying cancer.

  5. Time to response (TTR) based on BIRC assessments and using RECIST v1.1 criteria [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization to the first documented response up to a maximum duration of 60 months ]
    To evaluate alpelisib plus fulvestrant compared to placebo plus fulvestrant, with regards to objective response by RECIST 1.1 criteria. Time to response (TTR) is defined as the time from the date of randomization to the first documented response of either complete response (CR) or partial response (PR), which must be subsequently confirmed. CR and PR are based on tumor response data as per BIRC review and according to RECIST 1.1

  6. PFS based on BIRC assessment and using RECIST v1.1 criteria for participants by PIK3CA mutation status [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization up to a maximum duration of 60 months ]
    To evaluate the association between PIK3CA mutation status with PFS upon treatment with alpelisib. PFS is the defined as the time from randomization to date of randomization to the date of the first documented progression as per BIRC criteria using RECIST v1.1 or death due to any cause, whichever comes first. Results will be presented by PIK3CA mutation status measured in circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (ctDNA) collected at baseline.

  7. Time to definitive deterioration of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) from baseline [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization up to maximum duration of 60 months ]
    To evaluate treatment with alpelisib plus fulvestrant compared to placebo plus fulvestrant, with respect to time to deterioration of ECOG performance status. Time to definitive deterioration in ECOG PS is defined as the time from the date of randomization to the date when ECOG PS has definitively deteriorated by at least one category compared with baseline. Deterioration is considered definitive if there is no subsequent improvement in ECOG PS back to the baseline category or above.

  8. Time to definitive (10%) deterioration in the global health status/Quality of Life (QoL) and symptom scale scores of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire 30-item Core Module (EORTC QLQ-C30) [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization up to maximum duration of 60 months ]
    To evaluate patient-reported outcomes of alpelisib plus fulvestrant compared to placebo and fulvestrant. Time from date of randomization to date of event, defined as at least a 10% worsening from baseline with no later improvement above this threshold observed during the course of the treatment or until death due to any cause, in the global health status/QOL and symptom scale scores of EORTC QLQ-C30, a questionnaire to assess the quality of life of cancer patients. The questionnaire contains 30 items and is composed of both multi-item scales and single-item measures based on the patient's experience over the past week. This includes 5 functional scales, 3 symptom scales, 6 single items and a global health status/QoL scale. The scales and single-item measures range in score from 0 - 100. A high scale score represents a higher response level.

  9. Change from baseline in global health status/QoL and symptom scale scores of the EORTC QLQ-C30 [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization up to maximum duration of 60 months ]
    To evaluate patient-reported outcomes of alpelisib plus fulvestrant compared to placebo and fulvestrant. Change from baseline in the domain scores, health states, overall health status, and index values at the time of each assessment. EORTC QLQ-C30 is a questionnaire to assess the quality of life of cancer patients. The questionnaire contains 30 items and is composed of both multi-item scales and single-item measures based on the patient's experience over the past week. This includes 5 functional scales, 3 symptom scales, 6 single items and a global health status/QoL scale. The scales and single-item measures range in score from 0 - 100. A high scale score represents a higher response level.

  10. Time from randomization to objective tumour progression on next line treatment or death from any cause (PFS2) [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization up to maximum duration of 60 months ]
    To explore the long-term benefit intermediate to PFS and OS. PFS2 is defined as time from date of randomization to the first documented progression on nextline therapy or death from any cause, whichever occurs first. Disease progression will be determined based on investigator assessment of progression on next-line therapy.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participant is an adult ≥ 18 years old at the time of informed consent and has signed informed consent before any trial related activities and according to local guidelines.
  • If female, then the participant must be in postmenopausal status. Postmenopausal status is defined either by: prior bilateral oophorectomy, age ≥60 or age <60 and amenorrheic for 12 or more months in the absence of chemotherapy, tamoxifen, toremifene, or ovarian suppression and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol in the postmenopausal range per local normal range.
  • Participant has a histologically and/or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of ER+ and/or PgR+ breast cancer by local laboratory.
  • Participant has HER2-negative breast cancer defined as a negative in situ hybridization test or an IHC status of 0, 1+ or 2+. If IHC is 2+, a negative in situ hybridization (Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), Chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH), or Silver-enhanced in situ hybridization (SISH)) test is required by local laboratory testing.
  • Participant has at least one measurable lesion as per RECIST v1.1 criteria as assessed by BIRC (a lesion at a previously irradiated site may only be counted as a target lesion if there is clear sign of progression since the irradiation).
  • Participant has recurrence or progression of disease during or after combined AI (i.e. letrozole, anastrozole, exemestane) and CDK4/6 inhibitor therapy. The combined AI and CDK4/6 inhibitor therapy does not need to be the latest treatment regimen (including adjuvant setting).
  • Participant has received ≤1 line of prior treatment with chemotherapy (except for neoadjuvant/ adjuvant chemotherapy).
  • Participant must show the presence of a PIK3CA mutation(s) determined by tissue either by a local laboratory using only CE-marked IVD assays such as QIAGEN Therascreen® PIK3CA RGQ PCR test or by a Novartis designated laboratory.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participant with symptomatic visceral disease that makes the participant ineligible for endocrine therapy (ET) per the investigator's best judgment.
  • Participant who relapsed with documented evidence of progression more than 12 months from completion of (neo)adjuvant endocrine therapy with no treatment for metastatic disease
  • Participant has received prior treatment with fulvestrant, any Phosphatidylinositol-3-Kinase (PI3K), mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) or Protein Kinase B (AKT) inhibitor

Other Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria do apply


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05038735


Contacts
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Contact: Novartis Pharmaceuticals +41613241111 novartis.email@novartis.com
Contact: Novartis Pharmaceuticals

Locations
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Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
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Study Director: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Novartis Pharmaceuticals
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Responsible Party: Novartis Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05038735    
Other Study ID Numbers: CBYL719C2303
First Posted: September 9, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 26, 2022
Last Verified: July 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

Novartis is committed to sharing with qualified external researchers, access to patient-level data and supporting clinical documents from eligible studies. These requests are reviewed and approved by an independent review panel on the basis of scientific merit. All data provided is anonymized to respect the privacy of patients who have participated in the trial in line with applicable laws and regulations.

This trial data availability is according to the criteria and process described on www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com


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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals ):
Alpelisib
Fulvestrant
Advanced breast cancer
Phase III
HR-positive
HER-2 negative
CDK4/6 inhibitor
PIK3CA mutation
Progression free survival
aromatase inhibitor
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Fulvestrant
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Estrogen Receptor Antagonists
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs