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TriPRIL CAR T Cells in Multiple Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05020444
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 25, 2021
Last Update Posted : November 1, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Marcela V. Maus, M.D.,Ph.D., Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:

This research study involves the study of TriPRIL CAR T Cells for treating people with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma and to understand the side effects when treated with TriPRIL CAR T Cells.

This research study involves the study drugs:.

  • TriPRIL CAR T Cells
  • Fludarabine and Cyclophosphamide: Standardly used chemotherapy drugs as part of lymphodepleting process

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Multiple Myeloma in Relapse Refractory Multiple Myeloma Drug: TriPRIL CAR T Cells Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Fludarabine Phase 1

Detailed Description:

This is a two-part, non-randomized, open label, single-site Phase 1 study of TriPRIL CAR T Cells as a treatment for relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma.

This study consists of 2 parts:

  • Part A (Dose Escalation) : The investigators are looking to find the highest dose of the study intervention that can be administered safely without severe or unmanageable side effects, not everyone who participates in this research study will receive the same dose of the study intervention. The dose given will depend on the number of participants who have been enrolled prior and how well the dose was tolerated Once determined, this highest dose will then be used in the dose expansion part of the study.
  • Part B (Expansion Cohort):Participants will be treated at the respective dose as determined during Part A (Dose Escalation).

TriPRIL CAR T Cells is an investigational treatment that uses a person's own immune cells, called T cells, to try to kill their cancerous cells. T cells fight infections and can also kill cancer cells in some cases. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved TriPRIL CAR T Cells as a treatment for any disease.This is the first time that TriPRIL CAR T Cells will be given to humans.

The research study procedures include screening for eligibility and study treatment including evaluations and follow up visits.

Participants will receive one infusion of the study treatment and will be followed for up to 2 years.

It is expected that about 18 people will take part in this research study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Clinical Trial With TriPRIL CAR T Cells for the Treatment of Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Actual Study Start Date : October 5, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 1, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 1, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Multiple Myeloma
Drug Information available for: Fludarabine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: TriPRIL CAR T Cells-Dose Escalation

Prior to receiving TriPRIL CAR T Cells, participants will undergo two preparatory processes:

  • Leukapheresis: On day -8 white blood cells will be collected.
  • Lymphodepletion: On days, -5, -4. -3 participants will receive 3 days of chemotherapy to decrease the number of lymphocytes

TriPRIL CAR T Cells will be administered intravenously on day 0 using a 3+3 dose escalation design

Drug: TriPRIL CAR T Cells
Intravenous infusion

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Intravenous infusion
Other Names:
  • Cytoxan
  • Neosar

Drug: Fludarabine
Intravenous infusion
Other Name: Fludara

Experimental: TriPRIL CAR T Cells-Dose Expansion

Prior to receiving TriPRIL CAR T Cells, participants will undergo two preparatory processes:

  • Leukapheresis: On day -8 white blood cells will be collected.
  • Lymphodepletion: On days, -5, -4. -3 participants will receive 3 days of chemotherapy to decrease the number of lymphocytes

TriPRIL CAR T Cells will be administered intravenously on day 0 using the respective dose (at or below the Maximum Tolerated Dose-MTD), as determined during the dose escalation part.

Drug: TriPRIL CAR T Cells
Intravenous infusion

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Intravenous infusion
Other Names:
  • Cytoxan
  • Neosar

Drug: Fludarabine
Intravenous infusion
Other Name: Fludara




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Week 24 post dosing, and every three months until two years. ]
    Study-related adverse events (AEs) will be listed and tabulated by type and study cohort. The rate of AEs in all infused patients, both within study cohorts and overall, will be calculated and reported with exact 95% confidence intervals. A separate safety analysis will report similar information within patients infused at the target dose of 1x108 or 3x108 TriPRIL CAR T cells.

  2. Incidence of Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) [ Time Frame: Week 24 post dosing, and every three months until two years. ]
    Dose-limiting toxicities will be listed and tabulated by type and study cohort.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: 1 month, 6 months, 12 months, and 24 after CAR T cell treatment. ]
    Data will be listed, tabulated, and presented descriptively using Kaplan Meier plots.

  2. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 1 month, 6 months, 12 months and 24 months after CAR T cell treatment. ]
    Data will be listed, tabulated, and presented descriptively using Kaplan Meier plots.

  3. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 1 month, 6 months, 12 months and 24 months after CAR T cell treatment. ]
    Data will be listed, tabulated, and presented descriptively using Kaplan Meier plots.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  • Age ≥18 years at the time of signing informed consent.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
  • Life expectancy of greater than 12 weeks
  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. Documented measurable disease includes at least one or more of the following criteria:

    • Serum M-protein ≥0.5 g/dL
    • Urine M-protein ≥200 mg/24 hours
    • Involved serum free light chain ≥100 mg/L with abnormal κ/λ ratio
    • More than one extramedullary lesion on imaging, including at least one lesion that is 1cm or greater in size and able to be followed by imaging assessments
    • Bone marrow plasma cells ≥30%
  • Relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma with at least 3 prior regimens of systemic therapy including proteasome inhibitor, IMiDs and anti-CD38 antibody; or has "triple-refractory" disease following treatment with proteasome inhibitor, IMiD and anti-CD38 antibody, as part of the same or different regimens.

Note: IMWG criteria defines refractory disease as disease progression on or within 60 days of receiving a therapy Note: Induction treatment with or without hematopoietic stem cell transplant and with or without maintenance is considered a single regimen.

  • Adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • O2 saturation ≥92% on room air while awake
    • LVEF ≥40% by ECHO or MUGA scan
    • ANC ≥1.0k/μl, PLT ≥50k/μl, (NOTE: Platelet transfusion not allowed within 7 days; growth factor neupogen not allowed within 7 days, neulasta within 14 days)
    • Creatinine clearance ≥50 mL/min and not on dialysis
    • AST/ALT <3 x ULN
    • Direct bilirubin <1.5 x ULN (allow x 3 ULN for Gilbert's syndrome)
    • PTT, PT/INR <1.5 x ULN, unless on a stable dose of anti-coagulant for a thromboembolic event (Patients with any history of thromboembolic stroke; or history or Grade 2 or greater hemorrhage within 60 days are excluded)
  • Resolution of AEs from any prior therapy (G2 alopecia and G2 sensory neuropathy are allowed, cytopenias allowed per eligibility criteria above)
  • Participants with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial.
  • The effects of TriPRIL CAR T cells on the developing human fetus are unknown. Male and female participants of childbearing potential must agree to use highly effective methods of birth control prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and through 6 months after completion of TriPRIL CAR T cells administration. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.

NOTE: Highly effective contraception methods include:

  • Total abstinence
  • Female sterilization (tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy, and/or hysterectomy)
  • Male sterilization, at least 6 months prior to screening
  • Intrauterine device
  • Oral, injected, or implanted hormonal contraception AND barrier methods of contraception

    • Willing to comply with and able to tolerate study procedures, including Long-term Safety Follow-up lasting up to 15 years per FDA guidance
    • Subject's apheresis product from non-mobilized cells is received and accepted for cell processing by manufacturing site.

NOTE: Apheresis product will be accepted only after all other eligibility criteria are confirmed

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Treatment with any of the following therapies as specified below:

    • Any prior systemic treatment for multiple myeloma within the 14 days prior to scheduled leukapheresis unless discussed with the medical monitor
    • Receiving high-dose (e.g., >10 mg prednisone or equivalent) systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 14 days prior to leukapheresis
    • Autologous stem cell transplantation within 3 months prior to leukapheresis
    • Any prior allogeneic stem cell transplantation
    • Other CAR-T cell therapy within 6 months of leukapheresis
  • Plasma cell leukemia or history of plasma cell leukemia
  • Patients with solitary plasmacytomas without evidence of other measurable disease
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to CAR- T cells
  • Contraindication to the protocol-specified doses of fludarabine or cyclophosphamide
  • Participants who have not recovered from adverse events due to prior anti-cancer therapy (i.e., have residual toxicities > Grade 1) with the exception of alopecia and grade ≤2 sensory neuropathy.
  • Active bacterial, viral, or fungal infection requiring systemic treatment (isolated fever may not constitute active infection in and of itself, e.g., related to disease)
  • Symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • Unstable angina, arrhythmia, or myocardial infarction (MI) within 6 months prior to screening Significant pulmonary dysfunction
  • Auto-immune disease requiring immunosuppressive therapy
  • Pulmonary embolism or DVT within three months of enrollment or uncontrolled thromboembolic events. Therapeutic dosing of anticoagulants (e.g., warfarin, low molecular weight heparin, Factor Xa inhibitors) is allowed for history of DVT or PE if greater than three months from time of enrollment. Prophylactic anticoagulation is allowed.
  • Recent severe hemorrhage (within the past 60 days)
  • Seropositive for and with evidence of active hepatitis B or C infection at time of screening, or HIV seropositive

    • Subjects with a history of hepatitis B but have received antiviral therapy and have non-detectable viral DNA for 6 months are eligible
    • Subjects seropositive because of hepatitis B virus vaccine with no signs or active infection are eligible
    • Subjects who had hepatitis C but have received antiviral therapy and show no detectable HCV viral RNA for 6 months are eligible
  • Active central nervous system (CNS) involvement by malignancy. NOTE: subjects who are asymptomatic, stable, and received prior effective treatment for CNS disease may be eligible after discussion with the medical monitor.
  • Any sign of active or prior CNS pathology including history of epilepsy, seizure, paresis, aphasia, stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage or CNS bleed, severe brain injury, dementia, cerebellar disease, Parkinson's disease, organic brain syndrome or psychosis.
  • Active malignancy not related to myeloma that has required therapy in the last 3 years or is not in complete remission. Exceptions to this criterion include successfully treated non-metastatic basal cell or squamous cell skin carcinoma, or prostate cancer that does not require therapy. Other similar malignant conditions may be discussed with and permitted by the medical monitor.
  • Females who are pregnant or breastfeeding or females of childbearing potential not using an effective method of birth control
  • Subjects with any significant medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the subject from participating in study (or full access to medical records) as written including follow up, the interpretation of data or place the subject at unacceptable risk
  • Participants taking any other medicine concurrently that may interfere with the study (need to consult with the principle investigator)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05020444


Contacts
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Contact: Matthew J Frigault, MD (617) 643-6175 MFRIGAULT@partners.org

Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Contact: Matthew J Frigault, MD    617-643-6175    MFRIGAULT@partners.org   
Principal Investigator: Matthew J Frigault, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Marcela V. Maus, M.D.,Ph.D.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Matthew J Frigault, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
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Responsible Party: Marcela V. Maus, M.D.,Ph.D., Sponsor Investigator, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05020444    
Other Study ID Numbers: 20-518
First Posted: August 25, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 1, 2021
Last Verified: October 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The Dana-Farber / Harvard Cancer Center encourages and supports the responsible and ethical sharing of data from clinical trials. De-identified participant data from the final research dataset used in the published manuscript may only be shared under the terms of a Data Use Agreement. Requests may be directed to: [contact information for Sponsor Investigator or designee]. The protocol and statistical analysis plan will be made available on Clinicaltrials.gov only as required by federal regulation or as a condition of awards and agreements supporting the research.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: Data can be shared no earlier than 1 year following the date of publication
Access Criteria: Contact the Partners Innovations team at http://www.partners.org/innovation

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Marcela V. Maus, M.D.,Ph.D., Massachusetts General Hospital:
Multiple Myeloma
Multiple Myeloma in Relapse
Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Recurrence
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Cyclophosphamide
Fludarabine
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists