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Novel Combination of Belantamab Mafodotin and Elotuzumab to Enhance Therapeutic Efficacy in Multiple Myeloma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05002816
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 12, 2021
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
GlaxoSmithKline
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Natalia Neparidze, Yale University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this research study is to determine if two drugs approved for treating multiple myeloma, belantamab mafodotin and elotuzumab, are safe and more effective when used together.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Drug: Elotuzumab Drug: Belantamab mafodotin Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Patients with RR MM beyond two-three lines of therapy have inferior outcomes. They have to cycle through the available lines of treatment options and ultimately succumb to progressive disease. Despite improvements in modern treatments this subset of MM patients has a grim prognosis and thus represent a population with unmet need. Hence, further advances in combination therapies are required. MM is associated with both qualitative and quantitative T cell dysfunction owing to variety of mechanisms including increased expression of inhibitory immune checkpoint molecules. Elotuzumab enhances NK cell cytotoxicity via SLAMF7 ligation and has an established role in therapy of RR MM in combination with immunomodulatory agents (iMIDs). On the other hand, BCMA has emerged as one of the best therapeutic targets to eradicate plasma cells in MM. Therapeutic success with anti-BCMA ADC belantamab mafodotin is readily evident based on the results of recent trials DREAMM 1 and DREAMM2 in relapsed/refractory MM, leading to its Breakthrough Therapy Designation awarded by US FDA in 2017. Bela has demonstrated the potential to induce immunogenic cell death (ICD) in a BCMA-expressing MM cells. Tumor cells undergoing ICD induced an antigen-specific T cell response, enhancing anti-tumor effects. Generally, in myeloma, success in therapy has always been achieved by multifaceted treatment approach, targeting several pathways concurrently. To combat antigen loss and resistance, combining monoclonal antibodies with different targets is proposed. In this study, we propose immune-stimulatory therapy with anti-SLAMF7 antibody elotuzumab in combination with belantamab mafodotin in subjects with RR MM. Administration of elotuzumab would enrich NK cells and together with belantamab mafodotin would further intensify anti-tumor immunity against MM. This combination would provide a novel all-immune targeted therapy with potentially increased efficacy.

The investigators expect that this unique combination of an antibody drug conjugate and an immune-stimulatory monoclonal antibody, targeting two very relevant pathways in MM will result in significant clinical benefit for patients with RR MM. From the standpoint of safety, each one of these immune-pharmaceutical drugs separately is well-tolerated, and in combination are not expected to display overlapping toxicity. Thus, the investigators believe, the adverse event profile of this combination would be favorable.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Novel Combination of Belantamab Mafodotin and Elotuzumab to Enhance Therapeutic Efficacy in Multiple Myeloma
Actual Study Start Date : February 21, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Multiple Myeloma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Belantamab Mafodotin and Elotuzumab Arm

Elotuzumab will be administered via intravenous infusion at an established dose of 10 mg/kg on days 1, 8, 15, 22 every 28 days for cycles 1 and 2, followed by 20mg/kg on day 1 of each cycle thereafter, cycles repeated every 28 days.

Belantamab mafodotin will be administered via IV infusion. There will be 2 dose levels for belantamab mafodotin, with the starting dose of 1.9 mg/kg IV at every 4 week interval. Up to 12 subjects will be treated at this dose level. If the initial dose is found to be too toxic, dose of belantamab mafodotin 1.9 mg/kg every 8 weeks will be tested. .

Drug: Elotuzumab
Elotuzumab will be administered via intravenous infusion at an established dose of 10 mg/kg on days 1, 8, 15, 22 every 28 days for cycles 1 and 2, followed by 20mg/kg on day 1 of each cycle thereafter, cycles repeated every 28 days.

Drug: Belantamab mafodotin
Belantamab mafodotin will be administered via IV infusion. There will be 2 dose levels for belantamab mafodotin, with the starting dose of 1.9 mg/kg IV at every 4 week interval. Up to 12 subjects will be treated at this dose level. If the initial dose is found to be too toxic, dose of belantamab mafodotin 1.9 mg/kg every 8 weeks will be teste




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose of elotuzumab in combination with belantamab mafodotin in subjects [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Study patients will be enrolled and treated in cohorts of size 4 with maximum of 12 patients in the Phase I portion of the trial with possible dose de-escalation of belantamab mafodotin plus a fixed level of elotuzumab. Starting dose of belantamab mafodotin will be 1.9 mg/kg q4w. If the DLT rate hits de-escalation boundary (≥ 29.8%), four more patients will be enrolled for lower dose level with 1.9 mg/kg q8w. Otherwise next cohort of 4 will be treated at same dose. The MTD will be determined once the maximum sample size of 12 for phase I portion is reached or stop the trial if 8 patients are treated at the initial dose without need of de-escalation.

  2. Number of Participants who Experienced Dose-Limiting Toxicities (DLTs) [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    DLT is defined as Grade 3 or greater febrile neutropenia lasting >48 h despite adequate treatment, Grade 4 thrombocytopenia less than 25 accompanied by clinically significant bleeding, any Grade 3 or greater non-hematologic toxicity (other than corneal events) which is more severe than expected for an individual agent or which does not resolve with appropriate supportive treatment within 48 hours, any Grade 3 or greater non-hematologic laboratory value if the abnormality leads to hospitalization, grade 4 Keratopathy Visual Acuity (KVA) Scale, and liver toxicity meeting prespecified liver stopping criteria


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Preliminary evaluation of clinical efficacy/response rate [ Time Frame: Every 28 day cycle until progression up to 2 years ]
    Clinical efficacy and response rate will be determined by the MM labs and bone marrow biopsy . The options for overall response rate (ORR) will be: stable disease (SD) partial response (PR), very good partial response (VGPR), complete response (CR) and stringent complete response (sCR) according to the 2016 International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG). Response evaluated with MM labs each cycle and bone marrow biopsy at C3D1.

  2. To evaluate progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Followed for progression free survival until progression up to 2 years ]
    To evaluate progression free survival (PFS), MM labs (SPEP, serum IFE, serum free light chains/ratio, immunoglobulins, UPEP/IFE) will be conducted every cycle to evaluate disease. Progressive disease will be assessed by standard IMWG response criteria.

  3. To evaluate overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Followed until loss of follow-up, withdrawal of consent, death from any cause, or termination of study up to 2 years ]
    To evaluate overall survival (OS), patients will be followed for overall survival under loss of follow-up, withdrawal of consent, death from any cause, or termination of study

  4. To evaluate minimal residual disease (MRD) by multi-parameter flow cytometry and by next-generation sequencing (NGS) [ Time Frame: At follow-up visit (30 days +/-3 after discontinuation) ]
    To evaluate minimal residual disease (MRD) by multi-parameter flow cytometry and by next-generation sequencing (NGS) via bone marrow biopsy at follow-up visit (30 days +/- 3 after discontinuation)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Participant must have MM that has relapsed after or is refractory to at least 3 prior lines of therapy. Relapsed/refractory disease as defined by IMWG criteria.
  2. Participant must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of ≤ 2
  3. Participant must be ≥ 18 years of age
  4. Prior line of therapy must include iMID and proteasome inhibitor. Prior treatment with anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody is allowed but not required.
  5. Participant must have adequate organ function, defined as:

    • ANC ≥1 X 109/L
    • Hemoglobin ≥8.0 g/dL
    • Platelets ≥75 X 109/L
    • Total bilirubin ≤1.5X ULN (Isolated bilirubin ≥1.5xULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin <35%)
    • ALT ≤2.5 X ULN
    • eGRF ≥40 mL/min/ 1.73 m2
    • Spot urine (albumin/creatinine ratios) <500 mg/g (56 mg/mmol) OR
    • Urien dipstick Negative/trace (if ≥1+ only eligible if confirmed <500 mg/g (56 mg/mmol) by albumin/creatinine ratio (spot urine from first void)
  6. Female participants: contraceptive use should be consistent with local regulations regarding the methods of contraception for those participating in clinical studies.

    A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant or breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies:

    • Is not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) OR
    • Is a WOCBP and using a contraceptive method that is highly effective (with a failure rate of <1% per year), preferably with low user dependency (as described in Appendix 3), during the intervention period and for at least 4 months after the last dose of study intervention and agrees not to donate eggs (ova, oocytes) for the purpose of reproduction during this period. The investigator should evaluate the effectiveness of the contraceptive method in relationship to the first dose of study intervention.

    A WOCBP must have a negative highly sensitive serum pregnancy test (as required by local regulations) within 72 hours before the first dose of study intervention.

    The investigator is responsible for review of medical history, menstrual history, and recent sexual activity to decrease the risk for inclusion of a woman with a nearly undetected pregnancy.

    Nonchildbearing potential is defined as follows (by other than medical reasons):

    • ≥45 years of age and has not had menses for >1 year
    • Patients who have been amenorrhoeic for <2 years without history of a hysterectomy and oophorectomy must have a follicle stimulating hormone value in the postmenopausal range upon screening evaluation
    • Post-hysterectomy, post-bilateral oophorectomy, or post-tubal ligation. Documented hysterectomy or oophorectomy must be confirmed with medical records of the actual procedure or confirmed by an ultrasound. Tubal ligation must be confirmed with medical records of the actual procedure.
  7. Male participants: contraceptive use should be consistent with local regulations regarding the methods of contraception for those participating in clinical studies.

    Male participants are eligible to participate if they agree to the following during the intervention period and for 6 months after the last dose of study treatment to allow for clearance of any altered sperm:

    • Refrain from donating sperm

    PLUS either:

    • Be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle (abstinent on a long term and persistent basis) and agree to remain abstinent.

    OR

    • Must agree to use contraception/barrier as detailed below: Agree to use a male condom, even if they have undergone a successful vasectomy, and female partner to use an additional highly effective contraceptive method with a failure rate of <1% per year as when having sexual intercourse with a woman of childbearing potential (including pregnant females)

  8. All prior treatment-related toxicities (defined by National Cancer Institute- Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE), version 4.035.0) must be ≤ Grade 2 at the time of enrolment except for alopecia.
  9. Participant must be able to understand the study procedures and agree to participate in the study by providing written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Participant must not have current corneal epithelial disease except mild changes in corneal epithelium
  2. Participant must not have current unstable liver or biliary disease defined by the presence of ascites, encephalopathy, esophageal or gastric varices, persistent jaundice, or cirrhosis. Note: Stable non-cirrhotic chronic liver disease (including Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones) or hepatobiliary involvement of malignancy is acceptable if otherwise meets entry criteria
  3. Participant must not have presence of active renal condition (infection, requirement for dialysis or any other condition that could affect participant's safety). Participants with isolated proteinuria resulting from MM and stable chronic kidney disease are eligible, provided they fulfil inclusion criteria
  4. Participant must not use contact lenses while participating in this study
  5. Participant must not be simultaneously enrolled in any other interventional clinical trial
  6. Participant must not have used an investigational drug or approved systemic anti-myeloma therapy (including systemic steroids) within 14 days preceding the first dose of study drug
  7. Participant must not have had plasmapheresis within 7 days prior to first dose of study treatment
  8. Participant must not have received prior treatment with a monoclonal antibody within 30 days of receiving the first dose of study drugs
  9. Participant must not have had major surgery ≤ 4 weeks prior to initiating study treatment
  10. Participant must not have any evidence of active mucosal or internal bleeding
  11. Participant must not have evidence of cardiovascular risk including any of the following:

    • Evidence of current clinically significant uncontrolled arrhythmias, including clinically significant ECG abnormalities such as 2nd degree (Mobitz Type II) or 3rd degree atrioventricular (AV) block.
    • History of myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndromes (including unstable angina), coronary angioplasty, or stenting or bypass grafting within three (3) months of Screening.
    • Class III or IV heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association functional classification system [NYHA, 1994]
    • Uncontrolled hypertension
  12. Participant must not have known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncratic reactions to belantamab mafodotin or drugs chemically related to belantamab mafodotin, or any of the components of the study treatment
  13. Participant must not have an active infection requiring IV antimicrobial treatment
  14. Participant must not have known HIV infection
  15. Participant must not have presence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), or hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) at screening or within 3 months prior to first dose of study treatment
  16. Participant must not have positive hepatitis C antibody test result or positive hepatitis C RNA test result at screening or within 3 months prior to first dose of study treatment.

    Note: Participants with positive Hepatitis C antibody due to prior resolved disease can be enrolled, only if a confirmatory negative Hepatitis C RNA test is obtained.

    Note: Hepatitis RNA testing is optional and participants with negative Hepatitis C antibody test are not required to also undergo Hepatitis C RNA testing.

  17. Participant must not have invasive malignancies other than disease under study, unless the second malignancy has been medically stable for at least 2 years and, in the opinion of the principal investigators, will not affect the evaluation of the effects of clinical trial treatments on the currently targeted malignancy. Participants with curatively treated non-melanoma skin cancer may be enrolled without a 2-year restriction.
  18. Participant must not have any serious and/or unstable pre-existing medical, psychiatric disorder, or other conditions (including lab abnormalities) that could interfere with participant's safety, obtaining informed consent or compliance to the study procedures
  19. Participants must not be pregnant or lactating

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05002816


Contacts
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Contact: Natalia Neparidze, MD 203-430-4881 natalia.neparidze@yale.edu
Contact: Kylie Boyhen 203-752-7835 kylie.boyhen@yale.edu

Locations
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United States, Connecticut
Yale New Haven Hospital Recruiting
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06512
Contact: Natalia Nepardize    203-430-4881    natalia.neparidze@yale.edu   
Contact: Kylie Boyhen    203-752-7835    kylie.boyhen@yale.edu   
Principal Investigator: Natalia Neparidze, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Yale University
GlaxoSmithKline
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Responsible Party: Natalia Neparidze, Assistant Professor, Medical Oncology, Hematology & Oncology, Yale University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05002816    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2000028918
First Posted: August 12, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 24, 2022
Last Verified: June 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Natalia Neparidze, Yale University:
Belantamab Mafodotin
Elotuzumab
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Elotuzumab
Antineoplastic Agents