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Inqovi Maintenance Therapy in Myeloid Neoplasms

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04980404
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 28, 2021
Last Update Posted : October 7, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Taiho Oncology, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Zachariah Michael DeFilipp, Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:

This research is being done to see if the drug Inqov is effective in reducing the chance of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) relapsing after standard of care stem cell transplant.

  • This research study involves the study drug Inqovi, which is a combination of the drugs decitabine and cedazuridine.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Myelodysplastic Syndromes Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Stem Cell Leukemia Drug: Inqovi Phase 1

Detailed Description:

This is a prospective, non-randomized, open-label, phase Ib study of oral Inqov-decitabine/cedazuridine, given as maintenance therapy following allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for patients with myeloid neoplasms

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Inqovi for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) relapse but it has not been investigated in the post-transplant setting.

Inqovi is made up of the two study drugs decitabine and cedazuridine. Decitabine is believed to work by stopping cancer cells from growing and spreading. Cedazuridine is believed to work by slowing down how quickly the body breaks down decitabine, which normally breaks down too quickly to be effective.

The research study procedures include screening for eligibility and study treatment, including evaluations and follow up visits.

As the study is looking for the highest dose of Inqovi that can be administered safely without severe or unmanageable side effects not everyone will receive the same dose of the study drug. Dosage will depend on the number of participants who have been enrolled in the study before and how well they have tolerated their doses.

Participants will receive study treatment for up to 12 months and will be followed for up to 24 months after starting the study drug.

It is expected that about 22 people will take part in this research study.

Taiho Oncology, Inc., a pharmaceutical company, is supporting this research study by providing funding for the study, including the study drug.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 22 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase Ib Study of Oral Decitabine/Cedazuridine as Maintenance Therapy Following Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Patients With Myeloid Neoplasms
Actual Study Start Date : September 17, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 1, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 1, 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dose Escalation Inqovi

Study will follow a standard '3+3' dose escalation design:

  • Initial group of 3 participants will receive Inqovi (decitabine/cedazuridine) on days 1-3 of a 42 day cycle/dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) period.
  • Additional enrollment, dosage and study cyles will be determined by number of dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) that occur in initial group
Drug: Inqovi
Tablet combination of drugs decitabine and cedazuridine, given orally.
Other Names:
  • decitabine
  • cedazuridine

Experimental: Recommended Phase 2 Dose Expansion (RP2S) Inqovi
Once the Recommended Phase 2 Dose Expansion (RP2S) is established, 10 additional participants will be enrolled and receive Inqovi (decitabine/cedazuridine) on days 1-3 of a 28 day study cycle.
Drug: Inqovi
Tablet combination of drugs decitabine and cedazuridine, given orally.
Other Names:
  • decitabine
  • cedazuridine




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Recommended Phase 2 Schedule Dose [ Time Frame: 42 Days ]
    Identify the recommended phase II schedule of oral decitabine/cedazuridine through standard 3+3 Dose escalation model.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Median number of days of Inqovi tolerated [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Median number of day of Inqovi tolerated tabulated and reported descriptively.

  2. Cumulative incidence of acute GVHD [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Cumulative incidence of acute GVHD tabulated and reported descriptively.

  3. Cumulative incidence of significant chronic GVHD [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Cumulative incidence of significant chronic GVHD tabulated and reported descriptively.

  4. Overall survival Rate [ Time Frame: The time from first dose of study drug to the date of death due to any cause up to 2 years ]
    Assessed using Kaplan-Meier

  5. Relapse-free survival Rate [ Time Frame: The time from first dose of study drug to the earlier of relapse or death due to any cause up to 2 years ]
    Assessed using Kaplan-Meier

  6. Proportion of subjects who successfully screen for study prior to transplantation but who do not reach the maintenance phase due to transplant related morbidity or mortality. [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Proportion of subjects who successfully screen for study prior to transplantation but who do not reach the maintenance phase due to transplant related morbidity or mortality tabulated and reported descriptively.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathologically confirmed diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML).

    • Subjects should have less than 5% myeloblasts on a bone marrow biopsy within 42 days prior to the start of conditioning.
  • Age ≥ 18
  • Will undergo first allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for their malignancy.
  • Transplantation will be performed with the use of reduced intensity conditioning (RIC).
  • HSCT Donor will be one of the following:

    • 5/6 or 6/6 (HLA-A, B, DR) matched related donor
    • 7/8 or 8/8 (HLA-A, B, DR, C) matched unrelated donor. Matching in the unrelated setting must be at the allele level.
    • Haploidentical related donor, defined as ≥ 3/6 (HLA-A, B, DR) matched
    • ≥ 4/6 (HLA-A, B, DR) umbilical cord blood (UCB). Matching in the UCB setting is at the antigen level. Recipients may receive either one or two UCB units. In the case of 2 UCB units, both units must have been at least 4/6 matched with the recipient.
  • ECOG performance status 0-2.
  • Participants must have normal organ and function as defined below:

    • AST (SGOT), ALT (SGPT) and Alkaline phosphatase < 3x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Total bilirubin < 1.5 x ULN (with the exception of subjects with a history of Gilbert's syndrome)
    • Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min (Cockcroft-Gault formula)
  • LVEF must be equal to or greater than 50%, as measured by MUGA scan or echocardiogram
  • Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test, as measured by serum or urine testing
  • The effects of decitabine/cedazuridine on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) during the entire study treatment period and through 6 months after the last dose of treatment
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Eligibility Criteria Prior to Treatment (Post HCT)

  • Maintenance therapy may begin at any time between day 30 and day 120 following hematopoietic cell transplantation. Participants must meet the following criteria to be eligible to treatment on this study:

    • Chimerism studies reveal that ≥ 70% of blood or bone marrow cells, or of the CD33 expressing fraction, are of donor origin.
    • There is no acute graft versus host disease (GVHD), requiring an escalation of corticosteroid dose or addition of other agent in the 4 weeks prior to Cycle 1 Day 1.
    • There is no morphological evidence of relapsed/recurrent/residual disease (as assessed by post HCT bone marrow biopsy and aspirate).
    • There is no systemic infection requiring IV antibiotic or antifungal or antiviral therapy within 7 days of starting decitabine/cedazuridine
    • ANC ≥ 1000/µL
    • Platelets ≥ 50,000/µL
    • AST (SGOT), ALT (SGPT) and Alkaline phosphatase < 3x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Total bilirubin < 1.5 x ULN (with the exception of subjects with a history of Gilbert's syndrome)
    • Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min (Cockcroft-Gault formula)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplants.
  • History of other malignancy(ies) unless

    • the participant has been disease-free for at least 12 months and is deemed by the investigator to be at low risk of recurrence of that malignancy, or
    • the only prior malignancy was cervical cancer in situ and/or basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
  • Known diagnosis of active hepatitis B or hepatitis C
  • Current or history of congestive heart failure New York Heart Association (NHYA) class 3 or 4, or any history of documented diastolic or systolic dysfunction (LVEF < 50%, as measured by MUGA scan or echocardiogram)
  • Current or history of ventricular or life-threatening arrhythmias or diagnosis of long-QT syndrome
  • Systemic uncontrolled infection
  • Known dysphagia, short-gut syndrome, gastroparesis, or other condition(s) that limits the ingestion or gastrointestinal absorption of drugs administered orally
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure [BP] > 180 mmHg or diastolic BP > 100 mmHg)
  • QTc interval (i.e., Friderica's correction [QTcF]) ≥ 450 ms or other factors that increase the risk of QT prolongation or arrhythmic events (e.g., heart failure, hypokalemia, family history of long QT interval syndrome) at screening
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Breastfeeding women

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04980404


Contacts
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Contact: Zachariah DeFilipp, MD 617-643-3944 zdefilipp@mgh.harvard.edu

Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Contact: Zachariah DeFilipp, MD    617-643-3944    zdefilipp@mgh.harvard.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Taiho Oncology, Inc.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Zachariah DeFilipp, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
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Responsible Party: Zachariah Michael DeFilipp, Principal Investigator, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04980404    
Other Study ID Numbers: 21-214
First Posted: July 28, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 7, 2021
Last Verified: September 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The Dana-Farber / Harvard Cancer Center encourages and supports the responsible and ethical sharing of data from clinical trials. De-identified participant data from the final research dataset used in the published manuscript may only be shared under the terms of a Data Use Agreement. Requests may be directed to: [contact information for Sponsor Investigator or designee]. The protocol and statistical analysis plan will be made available on Clinicaltrials.gov only as required by federal regulation or as a condition of awards and agreements supporting the research.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: Data can be shared no earlier than 1 year following the date of publication
Access Criteria: Contact the Partners Innovations team at http://www.partners.org/innovation

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Zachariah Michael DeFilipp, Massachusetts General Hospital:
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia
Stem Cell Leukemia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Neoplasms
Preleukemia
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Leukemia, Myeloid
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Decitabine
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors