Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

A Trial With Chemotherapy, Immunotherapy, and Radiotherapy for Patients With Newly Diagnosed Stage IV Small Cell Lung Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04951115
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 6, 2021
Last Update Posted : August 3, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Weill Medical College of Cornell University

Brief Summary:
This study is for subjects with untreated Stage IV small cell lung cancer. Subjects will be given radiation therapy for five days, followed by standard of care chemo-immunotherapy (etoposide + carboplatin or cisplatin + durvalumab) for 4 cycles. Subjects may continue to receive durvalumab after 4 cycles have been completed until disease progression.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Small-cell Lung Cancer Drug: Carboplatin Drug: Cisplatin Drug: Etoposide Drug: Durvalumab Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is a non-randomized, open-label, single-arm pilot phase II study of non-ablative stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in combination with standard-of-care chemo-immunotherapy in patients with untreated, extensive-stage (Stage IV) small cell lung cancer. Subjects will be treated with etoposide plus platinum (carboplatin or cisplatin) chemotherapy together with the PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitor durvalumab, which is a standard of care in this disease setting. Subjects will also receive a total of 6 Gy of radiotherapy X 5 fractions targeting multiple sites of intrathoracic disease when feasible and starting on the first day of the first cycle of chemo-immunotherapy; no further radiation will be planned after this. The hypothesis of this study is that the addition of sub-ablative doses of radiation to combination chemotherapy and immunotherapy will be safe and feasible and result in improved outcomes for patients with treatment-naive, extensive-stage small cell lung cancer.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 42 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Platinum-Etoposide Chemotherapy and Durvalumab (MEDI4736) With Sub-Ablative SBRT in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Stage IV Small Cell Lung Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : July 12, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 1, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 1, 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Radiation + Chemo-Immunotherapy Drug: Carboplatin
AUC = 5-6 mg/mL per min on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle, for 4 cycles

Drug: Cisplatin
75-80 mg/m2 on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle, for 4 cycles

Drug: Etoposide
80-100 mg/m2 on Day 1, Day 2, and Day 3 of each 21-day cycle, for 4 cycles

Drug: Durvalumab
1500 mg on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle, for 4 cycles. Following this, 1500 mg once every 4 weeks until disease progression

Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy
6 Gy of radiotherapy targeting multiple sites of intrathoracic disease on Days 1-5 of cycle 1.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of toxicities Grade 3 or above related to therapy [ Time Frame: Through study completion (an average of 2 years) ]
    Measured by the number of adverse of events that occur while receiving study treatment

  2. Efficacy of multi-site, non-ablative radiation to standard systemic therapy for patients with extensive-stage small cell lung, as measured by a change in disease response [ Time Frame: Through study completion (an average of 2 years) ]
    Progression free survival at 12 months


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response rate, determined by disease response rate defined by the RECIST 1.1 criteria [ Time Frame: Through study completion (an average of 2 years) ]
    Estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and 95% confidence intervals will be calculated using Greenwood's formula.

  2. Overall survival, defined as the time from first study treatment to the time of death from any cause [ Time Frame: From start of study to 12 months post start of treatment ]
    To determine the percentage of subjects that have achieved survival at the 12 month timepoint

  3. Pattern of disease progression, defined by the progression in radiated lesions vs. non-radiated lesions and the rates of new lesions as determined by RECIST 1.1 [ Time Frame: From baseline through progression of disease (approximately 12 months) ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Evaluation of the tumor-immune microenvironment in those that respond to treatment vs those that do not respond [ Time Frame: Through study completion (an average of 2 years) ]
    Using tumor organoids grown from tissue samples and circulating tumor cells from peripheral blood collected, the tumor cells will be characterized

  2. Evaluation of the circulating immune cell in those that respond to treatment vs those that do not respond [ Time Frame: Through study completion (an average of 2 years) ]
    Using circulating tumor cells from peripheral blood collected, the tumor cells will be characterized

  3. Evaluation of inflammatory protein composition in those that respond to treatment vs those that do not respond [ Time Frame: Through study completion (an average of 2 years) ]
    Using circulating tumor cells from peripheral blood collected, the tumor cells will be characterized



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adults ≥ 18 years old
  • Written informed consent from subject or from Health Care Proxy prior to performing any protocol-related procedures, including screening evaluations.
  • Pathological diagnosis of SCLC from biopsy (core biopsy or fine needle aspiration); mixed-histology (NSCLC and SCLC) allowed
  • ES-SCLC (American Joint Committee on Cancer, 8th edition, stage IV [T any, N any, M1a or M1b], or T3-4 due to multiple lung nodules that are too extensive or tumor or nodal volume that is too large to be encompassed in a tolerable radiation plan)
  • Brain metastases allowed, but must be asymptomatic without the need for systemic steroids at doses more than 10 mg/day of prednisone or its equivalent, or treated with Whole Brain Radiation Therapy (WBRT) or Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS)
  • Body weight > 30kg
  • ECOG Performance Status (PS) 0-1 at enrollment. ECOG PS 2 allowed if PS decline considered by treating study investigator to be secondary to SCLC
  • At least 1 lesion that can be accurately measured at baseline as ≥10 mm in the longest diameter (except lymph nodes, which must have a short axis ≥15 mm) with CT, PET-CT, or MRI and that is suitable for accurate repeated measurements as per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1 guidelines.
  • No prior exposure to IO therapy including, but not limited to, anti-CTLA-4, anti-PD-1, antiPD-L1, and anti-PD-L2 antibodies
  • No prior radiation therapy in the past 3 years prior to study enrollment. Radiation treatment of brain metastases from small cell lung cancer will be permitted, as per inclusion criteria 5 above. Other specific radiotherapy treatments occurring within the past 3 years, such as electron beam therapy for skin cancers, pterygium irradiation with Sr-90 or SRS for non-malignant disease, or prior I-131 for hyperthyroidism, may not be an absolute contraindication, and will be considered on a case by case basis.
  • Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks from the start of therapy
  • Adequate baseline organ functions as defined below

    1. Hemoglobin ≥8.0 g/dL.
    2. Absolute neutrophil count ≥1.5 × 103/uL (use of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor is not permitted at screening).
    3. Platelet count ≥75 × 103/uL.
    4. Serum bilirubin ≤1.5 × the ULN. This will not apply to patients with confirmed Gilbert's syndrome, who will be allowed in consultation with their physician.
    5. In patients without hepatic metastasis: ALT and AST ≤2.5 × ULN; for patients with hepatic metastases, ALT and AST ≤5 × ULN.
    6. Measured or calculated creatinine clearance: >60 mL/min for patients on cisplatin and >45 mL/min for patients on carboplatin, as determined by Cockcroft-Gault (using actual body weight).
  • Males: Creatinine clearance (mL/min) = [Weight (kg) × (140 - Age)]/[72 × serum creatinine (mg/dL)]
  • Females: Creatinine clearance (mL/min) = [Weight (kg) × (140 - Age)]/ [72 × serum creatinine (mg/dL)] × 0.85
  • Evidence of post-menopausal status or negative urinary or serum pregnancy test for female pre-menopausal patients. Women will be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrhoeic for 12 months without an alternative medical cause. The following age-specific requirements apply:

    1. Women <50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrhoeic for 12 months or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments and if they have luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone levels in the post-menopausal range for the institution or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy).
    2. Women ≥50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrhoeic for 12 months or more following cessation of all exogenous hormonal treatments, had radiation-induced menopause with last menses >1 year ago, had chemotherapy-induced menopause with last menses >1 year ago, or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral salpingectomy, or hysterectomy).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any unresolved toxicity NCI CTCAE Grade ≥2 from previous anticancer therapy with the exception of alopecia, vitiligo, and the laboratory values defined in the inclusion criteria

    1. Patients with Grade ≥2 neuropathy will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis after consultation with the Study Physician.
    2. Patients with irreversible toxicity not reasonably expected to be exacerbated by treatment with durvalumab may be included only after consultation with the Study Physician.
  • Concurrent enrollment in another clinical study, unless it is an observational (non-interventional) clinical study or the follow-up period of an interventional study.
  • Participation in another clinical study with a therapeutic investigational product during the last 4 weeks.
  • Contraindications to platinum-based chemotherapy
  • Contraindications to radiation therapy
  • Prior radiation therapy to same site as proposed SBRT site
  • Cannot tolerate radiation treatment position or immobilization
  • Any concurrent chemotherapy, investigational product, biologic, or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment. Concurrent use of hormonal therapy for non-cancer-related conditions (e.g., hormone replacement therapy) is acceptable, as is use of bisphosphonate or RANKL inhibitor therapy for prevention of skeletal-related events from bone metastases.
  • History of another primary malignancy except for:

    1. Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease ≥3 years before the first dose of the investigational product and of low potential risk for recurrence.
    2. Adequately treated nonmelanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence of disease.
    3. Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease (e.g., cervical cancer in situ).
  • History Limited-Stage SCLC treated with concurrent chemo-radiation
  • History of allogenic organ transplantation.
  • Major surgical procedure (as defined by the investigator) within 28 days prior to Cycle 1 Day1 of systemic therapy and SBRT. Local surgery of isolated lesions for palliative intent is acceptable.
  • Paraneoplastic syndrome of autoimmune nature, requiring systemic treatment (systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents)
  • Documented, active, and uncontrolled autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease, diverticulitis with the exception of diverticulosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis syndrome, Wegener syndrome (granulomatosis with polyangiitis), Graves' disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, and uveitis, etc.). The following are exceptions to this criterion:

    1. Patients with vitiligo or alopecia.
    2. Patients with hypothyroidism (e.g., following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement
    3. Any chronic skin condition that does not require systemic therapy.
    4. Patients with celiac disease controlled by diet alone.
    5. Patients without active disease in the last 5 years may be included but only after consultation with the medical monitor and with appropriate subspecialty consultation (e.g. with endocrinology, gastroenterology, rheumatology, etc.)
    6. Patients whose autoimmune or inflammatory disorder is controlled with medication may be included but only after consultation with the medical monitor and with appropriate subspecialty consultation (e.g. with endocrinology, gastroenterology, rheumatology, etc.)
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness, including but not limited to, uncontrolled ongoing or active infection, interstitial lung disease, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, serious chronic gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirement, substantially increase risk of incurring adverse events, or compromise the ability of the patient to give written informed consent.
  • Active infection, including tuberculosis (clinical evaluation that includes clinical history, physical examination and radiographic findings, and tuberculosis testing in line with local practice), HBV (known positive HBV surface antigen result), HCV, or HIV (positive HIV 1/2 antibodies). Patients with a past or resolved HBV infection (defined as the presence of HBV core antibody and absence of HBV surface antigen) are eligible, as are patients with HBV infection controlled by antiviral medication (defined as undetectable viral load). Patients positive for HCV antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV ribonucleic acid.
  • Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first dose of durvalumab. The following are exceptions to this criterion:

    1. Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injections (e.g., intra-articular injection).
    2. Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone or its equivalent.
    3. Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., CT scan premedication). Premedication with steroids for chemotherapy is acceptable.
  • History of active primary immunodeficiency.
  • Receipt of live, attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of durvalumab
  • Female patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding or male or female patients of reproductive potential who are not willing to employ effective birth control from screening to 90 days after the last dose of durvalumab monotherapy.
  • Known allergy or hypersensitivity to durvalumab, etoposide, carboplatin, cisplatin, or any of their excipients.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04951115


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Victoria Dai, RN 212-746-2225 vid9053@med.cornell.edu
Contact: Ashish Saxena, MD ahs9018@med.cornell.edu

Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, New York
Weill Cornell Medicine Recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Contact: Victoria Dai, RN    212-746-2225    vid9053@med.cornell.edu   
Contact: Ashish Saxena, MD    646-962-2066    ahs9018@med.cornell.edu   
Principal Investigator: Ashish Saxena, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Ashish Saxena, MD Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Weill Medical College of Cornell University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04951115    
Other Study ID Numbers: 20-08022492
First Posted: July 6, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 3, 2021
Last Verified: July 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Lung Neoplasms
Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Carboplatin
Etoposide
Durvalumab
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological