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Balstilimab Versus Investigator Choice Chemotherapy in Patients With Recurrent Cervical Cancer (BRAVA)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04943627
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 29, 2021
Last Update Posted : August 4, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
European Network of Gynaecological Oncological Trial Groups (ENGOT)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Agenus Inc.

Brief Summary:
This Phase 3 trial is an open-label, randomized study with single-agent Balstilimab (BAL) or Investigator Choice (IC) chemotherapy (single-agent gemcitabine, irinotecan, pemetrexed, vinorelbine, or topotecan) in patients with recurrent, persistent, or metastatic cervical cancer who have progressed after receiving platinum based chemotherapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Advanced Cancer Metastatic Cervical Cancer Drug: Balstilimab (BAL) Drug: Topotecan Drug: Vinorelbine Drug: Gemcitabine Drug: Irinotecan Drug: Pemetrexed Phase 3

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this Phase 3 trial is to demonstrate prolongation of OS in patients treated with BAL as compared to IC chemotherapy.

This Phase 3 trial is an open-label, randomized study with single-agent BAL or IC chemotherapy (single-agent gemcitabine, irinotecan, pemetrexed, vinorelbine, or topotecan) in patients with recurrent, persistent, or metastatic cervical cancer who have progressed after receiving platinum based chemotherapy.

Population:

Patients with recurrent, unresectable, or metastatic cervical cancer who have progressed after receiving at least 1 prior line of platinum-containing chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab.

In this study, > 50% of patients will have received prior treatment with bevacizumab, which will be determined prior to enrollment.

Stratification

  • Histology (squamous cell carcinoma [SCC] vs adenocarcinoma [AC] or adenosquamous carcinoma [ASC])
  • Region of the world (United States or Europe Union or Australia vs other countries)
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) status 0 vs 1

Randomization

• 2:1, BAL: IC chemotherapy

Approximately 486 patients will be enrolled and randomized with 2:1 allocation between the BAL and IC chemotherapy arms.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 486 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3 Trial of Balstilimab Versus Investigator Choice Chemotherapy in Patients With Recurrent Cervical Cancer After Platinum-Based Chemotherapy (BRAVA)
Actual Study Start Date : August 2, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 31, 2026
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 30, 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Cervical Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Monotherapy with Balstilimab (BAL)
300 mg IV once every 3 weeks for up to 24 months
Drug: Balstilimab (BAL)
Anti-PD-1 Monoclonal antibody
Other Names:
  • AGEN2034
  • Anti-PD-1

Active Comparator: Monotherapy with Investigator Choice (IC) Chemotherapy per Institutional guidelines
Topotecan: 1 or 1.25 mg/m^2 IV on Days 1 to 5, every 21 days or Vinorelbine: 30 mg/m^2 IV on Days 1 and 8, every 21 days or Gemcitabine: 1000 mg/m^2 IV on Days 1 and 8, every 21 days or Irinotecan: 100 or 125 mg/m^2 IV weekly for 28 days, every 42 days or Pemetrexed: 500 mg/m^2 IV on Day 1, every 21 days
Drug: Topotecan
Chemotherapy

Drug: Vinorelbine
Chemotherapy

Drug: Gemcitabine
Chemotherapy

Drug: Irinotecan
Chemotherapy

Drug: Pemetrexed
Chemotherapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival in patients with PD-L1 positive tumors randomized to BAL vs Investigator's Choice chemotherapy [ Time Frame: time until observing 234 OS events but no later than 36 months after enrollment of the last patient ]
    Hazard Ratio for Overall Survival (OS) by treatment assignement, stratified by histology, region of the world, ECOG PS in all patients with PD-L1 positive tumors

  2. Overall survival in all patients randomized to BAL vs Investigator's Choice chemotherapy [ Time Frame: time until observing 234 OS events but no later than 36 months after enrollment of the last patient ]
    Hazard Ratio for OS by treatment assignement, stratified by histology, region of the world, ECOG PS in all patients


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival in patients with PD-L1 positive tumors randomized to BAL vs Investigator's Choice chemotherapy [ Time Frame: time until observing 234 OS events but no later than 36 months after enrollment of the last patient ]
    Hazard Ratio for PFS by treatment assignment, stratified by histology, region of the world, ECOG PS in all patients with PD-L1 positive tumors

  2. Progression-free survival in all patients randomized to BAL vs Investigator's Choice chemotherapy [ Time Frame: time until observing 234 OS events but no later than 36 months after enrollment of the last patient ]
    Hazard Ratio for PFS by treatment assignment, stratified by histology, region of the world, ECOG PS in all patients

  3. Objective response rate (ORR) to BAL and to IC chemotherapy in patients with PD-L1 positive tumors [ Time Frame: time until observing 234 OS events but no later than 36 months after enrollment of the last patient ]
    Proportion, with Wilson confidence intervals, of patients with best overall response (by RECIST 1.1) of PR or CR, among all patients with PD-L1 positive tumors randomized to BAL and to IC chemotherapy.

  4. Objective response rate (ORR) to BAL and to IC chemotherapy in all patients tumors [ Time Frame: time until observing 234 OS events but no later than 36 months after enrollment of the last patient ]
    Proportion, with Wilson confidence intervals, of patients with best overall response (by RECIST 1.1) of PR or CR, among all patients randomized to BAL and to IC chemotherapy.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Frequency, severity, and duration of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and laboratory abnormalities using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) v5.0 [ Time Frame: time until observing 234 OS events but no later than 36 months after enrollment of the last patient ]
    Incidence of grade 3+ TEAEs

  2. Frequency, severity, and duration of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and laboratory abnormalities using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) v5.0 [ Time Frame: time until observing 234 OS events but no later than 36 months after enrollment of the last patient ]
    Median duration of grade 3+ TEAE

  3. Frequency, severity, and duration of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and laboratory abnormalities using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) v5.0 [ Time Frame: time until observing 234 OS events but no later than 36 months after enrollment of the last patient ]
    Incidence of serious AEs

  4. Frequency, severity, and duration of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and laboratory abnormalities using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) v5.0 [ Time Frame: time until observing 234 OS events but no later than 36 months after enrollment of the last patient ]
    Incidence of treatment-related TEAEs leading to death

  5. Frequency, severity, and duration of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and laboratory abnormalities using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) v5.0 [ Time Frame: time until observing 234 OS events but no later than 36 months after enrollment of the last patient ]
    Incidence of treatment-related TEAEs leading to treatment discontinuation

  6. Frequency, severity, and duration of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and laboratory abnormalities using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) v5.0 [ Time Frame: time until observing 234 OS events but no later than 36 months after enrollment of the last patient ]
    Median duration of treatment-related grade 3+ AEs

  7. To evaluate the PK of BAL - maximum concentration [ Time Frame: At the beginning of each Cycle (each cycle is 21 days) through End-of-treatment (EOT) visit (up to 2 years) ]
    Maximum BAL concentration

  8. To evaluate the PK of BAL - area under the drug concentration-time curve [ Time Frame: At the beginning of each Cycle (each cycle is 21 days) through End-of-treatment (EOT) visit (up to 2 years) ]
    Area under BAL concentration-time curve, per dosing cycle

  9. To evaluate the immunogenicity of BAL and to assess potential impact on study drug exposure and biological activity [ Time Frame: At the beginning of each Cycle (each cycle is 21 days) through 90-Day Safety Follow-up visit (3 months after last dose of BAL) ]
    Anti drug antibodies- incidence of anti-balstilimab antibodies including neutralizing antibodies.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Voluntarily agree to participate by giving written informed consent.
  2. ≥ 18 years of age.
  3. Diagnosis and prior systemic treatment:

    1. Has recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer (SCC, AC, or ASC histology) and has experienced disease progression during or after treatment with a standard platinum based therapy with or without bevacizumab.
    2. Has received at least 1 prior systemic therapy regimen for recurrent, persistent, and/or metastatic cervical cancer.

    Note: Chemotherapy administered in the adjuvant or neoadjuvant setting, or in combination with radiation therapy, should not be counted as a prior systemic therapy regimen for recurrent, persistent, and/or metastatic cervical cancer.

  4. Measurable disease - based on Investigator assessment.

    a. Radiological evidence of measurable disease on imaging based on RECIST v1.1 Note: Patients must have at least 1 "target lesion" to be used to assess response, as defined by RECIST v1.1. Tumors within a previously irradiated field will be designated as "non target" lesions unless progression is documented, or a biopsy is obtained to confirm persistence at least 90 days following completion of radiation therapy.

  5. Has a life expectancy of at least 3 months and an ECOG performance status of 0 or 1.
  6. Patients must have sufficient and adequate formalin-fixed tumor tissue sample available that is not older than 3 years; otherwise, a fresh biopsy is required. Archival tissue or fresh biopsy must be from a site not previously irradiated.
  7. Has adequate organ function as indicated by the following laboratory values:

    1. Adequate hematological function defined by absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 × 109/L, platelet count ≥ 100 × 109/L, and stable hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL (without transfusions within 1 week before first dose).
    2. Adequate hepatic function based by a total bilirubin level ≤ 1.5 × the upper limit of normal (ULN), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) level ≤ 2.5 × ULN, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level ≤ 2.5 × ULN, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ≤ 2.5 × ULN, and albumin ≥ 3.0 mg/dL. In the case of hepatic metastases, < 5 × ULN for AST/ALT and ALP.
    3. Adequate renal function defined as calculated creatinine clearance > 40 mL/min or a serum creatinine < 1.5 × ULN, per institutional standards (creatinine clearance should be calculated per institutional standards).
    4. Adequate coagulation defined by international normalized ratio or prothrombin time ≤ 1.5 × institutional upper limit of normal IULN unless the patient is receiving anticoagulant therapy) and activated partial thromboplastin time ≤ 1.5 × IULN (unless the patient is receiving anticoagulant therapy).
    5. Normal thyroid function (thyroid stimulating hormone) whether or not the patient is on supplemental thyroid hormone.
  8. Has no history of another primary malignancy except:

    1. Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease ≥ 5 years before the first dose of study drug and of low potential risk for recurrence.
    2. Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence of disease.
    3. Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease.
  9. Women of childbearing potential (WOCP) must have a negative serum pregnancy test at Screening (within 72 hours before first dose of study drug). Non-childbearing potential is defined as (by other than medical reasons):

    1. ≥ 45 years of age and has not menstruated for greater than 1 year.
    2. Definitive pelvic radiation for the treatment of cervical cancer.
    3. Whose status is post hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, or tubal ligation.
    4. WOCP must be willing to use 2 highly effective methods of contraception (defined in the informed consent form) throughout the trial, starting with the Screening Visit through 90 days after the last dose of study drug Note: Abstinence is acceptable if this is the established and preferred contraception for the patient.
  10. Is willing and able to comply with the requirements of the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a trial of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device within 4 weeks before the first dose of treatment.
  2. Has an inadequate period of time prior to first dose of study treatment that is defined as:

    1. Received systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy or biological therapy within 28 days before initiation of study treatment
    2. Received radiation therapy within 28 days before initiation of study treatment, except for palliative bone therapy, which can be received 2 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment
    3. Had major surgery within 4 weeks before initiation of study treatment
  3. Has received prior therapy with:

    a. Any antibody/drug targeting T-cell co-regulatory proteins (immune checkpoints) such as anti-programmed cell death protein 1 and anti-PD-L1 antibodies.

  4. Has persisting toxicity related to prior therapy of NCI-CTCAE v5.0 Grade ≥ 1 severity, with the exceptions noted below:

    1. Peripheral neuropathy Grade ≤ 2.
    2. Alopecia Grade ≤ 2.
  5. Is expected to require any other form of systemic or localized antineoplastic therapy while on trial (including maintenance therapy with another agent, radiation therapy, and/or surgical resection).
  6. Has known severe hypersensitivity reactions to fully human monoclonal antibodies (NCI CTCAE v5.0 Grade ≥ 3), any history of anaphylaxis, or uncontrolled asthma.
  7. Is receiving systemic corticosteroids ≤ 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment or receiving any other form of systemic immunosuppressive medication (corticosteroid use on trial for management of immune-related adverse events and/or as a premedication for intravenous [IV] contrast allergies/reactions is allowed). Patients who are receiving daily corticosteroid replacement therapy are an exception to this rule. Examples of permitted therapy are daily prednisone at doses of 5 to 7.5 mg or equivalent hydrocortisone dose and steroid therapy administered by topical, intraocular, intranasal, and/or inhalation routes.
  8. History of central nervous system tumor, metastasis(es), and/or carcinomatous meningitis identified either on the baseline brain imaging obtained during the Screening period or identified prior to consent.

    Note: Patients with a history of brain metastases that have been treated may participate provided they show evidence of stable supra-tentorial lesions at screening (based on 2 sets of brain images, performed ≥ 4 weeks apart, and obtained after the brain metastases treatment). In addition, any neurologic symptoms that developed either as a result of the brain metastases or their treatment must have resolved or be minimal and be expected as sequelae from treated lesions. For individuals who received steroids as part of brain metastases treatment, steroids must be discontinued ≥ 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug.

  9. Has active or history of autoimmune disease that requires systemic treatment within 2 years of the start of study drug (ie, with use of disease-modifying agents, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive drugs) Note: Patients with autoimmune conditions requiring hormone replacement therapy or topical treatments are eligible.
  10. Has had an allogeneic tissue/solid organ transplant requiring ongoing immunosuppressive treatment.
  11. Has or had known drug-induced interstitial lung disease, not fully resolved, or has had a history of pneumonitis that has required oral or IV corticosteroids.
  12. Has an active infection requiring IV systemic treatment.
  13. Has known history of HIV (HIV 1/2 antibodies).
  14. Has known untreated hepatitis B/hepatitis C virus (HBV/HCV) or tuberculosis. Active HBV is defined as a known positive hepatitis B surface antigen result. Active HCV is defined as a known positive hepatitis C antibody result and known quantitative HCV RNA results greater than the lower limits of detection of the assay.
  15. Has clinically significant (ie, active) cardiovascular disease: cerebral vascular accident/stroke or myocardial infarction within 6 months before enrollment, unstable angina, congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Class ≥ II), or serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication.
  16. Has other systemic conditions or organ abnormalities that in the opinion of the Investigator may interfere with the conduct and/or interpretation of the current trial.
  17. Has known psychiatric or substance use disorders that would interfere with cooperation or compromise participation with the requirements of the trial.
  18. Is legally incapacitated or has limited legal capacity.
  19. Is pregnant or breastfeeding.
  20. Has received a live/attenuated vaccine within 14 days of first dose of study treatment and other vaccines within 48 hours of first dose of study treatment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04943627


Contacts
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Contact: Agenus, Inc. Clinical Trial Information 781-674-4265 clinicaltrialinfo@agenusbio.com

Locations
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United States, New Mexico
Optimum Research (Southwest Women's Oncology Center) Recruiting
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 87109
Contact: Christy Draper    512-944-2879    cdraper@optimumresearchabq.com   
Principal Investigator: Karen Finkelstein, MD         
United States, Pennsylvania
West Penn Hospital of Allegheny Health Network Not yet recruiting
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15224
Contact: Christy Milburn    412-578-4388    Christy.Milburn@AHN.ORG   
Principal Investigator: Thomas Krivak, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Agenus Inc.
European Network of Gynaecological Oncological Trial Groups (ENGOT)
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Agenus Inc.
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Responsible Party: Agenus Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04943627    
Other Study ID Numbers: C-700-03
First Posted: June 29, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 4, 2021
Last Verified: August 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Agenus Inc.:
Advanced Cancer
Metastatic Cervical Cancer
Open-Label
Randomized
Monotherapy
Anti-PD-1
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Uterine Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Uterine Cervical Diseases
Uterine Diseases
Gemcitabine
Irinotecan
Pemetrexed
Topotecan
Vinorelbine
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents