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Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 BNT162b2 Vaccine Effectiveness Study - Kaiser Permanente Southern California

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04848584
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 19, 2021
Last Update Posted : September 22, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pfizer

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of this study is to determine the vaccine effectiveness of 2 doses of Pfizer-BioNTech BNT162b2 vaccine against COVID-19-associated hospitalization. There will be a large retrospective database study using two parallel study designs: a test-negative case-control design and a retrospective cohort design. Exploratory analyses of VE estimates by strain type will be conducted.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
COVID-19 Biological: Primary Exposure Status of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine

Detailed Description:

The primary objective of the study is to estimate vaccine effectiveness (VE) of 2 doses of Pfizer's BNT162b2 vaccine against acute respiratory illness (ARI) requiring hospitalization due to SARS-CoV-2 infection among KPSC members eligible for vaccination. VE will be evaluated using a test-negative design (TND), including all KPSC patients eligible for vaccination who are admitted to the hospital with (ARI) after 14 December 2020 (date of first vaccinations at KPSC), and who receive a PCR test for SARS-CoV-2. Secondary and exploratory objectives may examine VE for 1 dose vaccination, at least 1 dose, >2 doses as well as against ED admission, specific variants, mixed dosing schedules, durability, age cut-offs to align with regulatory authorizations/approvals and other populations of interest. Additionally, we will estimate VE using a full cohort design, including all KPSC members eligible for vaccination.

To assess VE, we propose a large retrospective database study using two parallel study de-signs: a test-negative case-control design and a retrospective cohort design. The TND will assess VE against COVID-19 hospitalization (primary endpoint) and ED admission. The retrospective cohort analysis may assess VE against COVID-19 hospitalization (primary), ICU admission, death, ED admission, and outpatient disease (with no subsequent hospitalization within 14 days). We may further conduct additional analyses of VE estimates by various patient characteristics and strain type

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 999 participants
Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 BNT162b2 Vaccine Effectiveness Study - Kaiser Permanente Southern California
Actual Study Start Date : May 15, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 31, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 31, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Fully vaccinated
2 doses of BNT162b2 received with ≥7 days between receipt of the 2nd dose and the index date. This group will serve as the 'exposed' group evaluated in the primary objective.
Biological: Primary Exposure Status of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine
Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine
Other Name: COVID VACCINE

Partially vaccinated
1 dose (only) of BNT162b2 received with ≥14 days between receipt of the 1st dose and the index date.
Biological: Primary Exposure Status of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine
Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine
Other Name: COVID VACCINE

Ever vaccinated
≥1 dose of BNT162b2 received with ≥14 days between index date and receipt of the 1st dose
Biological: Primary Exposure Status of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine
Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine
Other Name: COVID VACCINE

Never vaccinated
never received BNT162b2. This group will serve as the reference exposure group (i.e., 'unexposed' group) in all VE analyses
Biological: Primary Exposure Status of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine
Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine
Other Name: COVID VACCINE




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. VE calculated as 1 minus the odds ratio (OR) comparing the odds of being fully vaccinated (2 doses) with BNT162b2 for hospitalized cases and controls, multiplied by 100%. [ Time Frame: Dec 2020-Apr 2022, Through study completion, average of one month ]
    To estimate the effectiveness of 2 doses of BNT162b2 against hospitalization due to SARS-CoV-2 infection


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. VE calculated as 1 minus the OR comparing the odds of being fully vaccinated (2 doses) with BNT162b2 for ED cases and controls, multiplied by 100%. [ Time Frame: Through study completion, average of one month ]
    To estimate the effectiveness of 2 doses of BNT162b2 against ED admission (without subsequent hospitalization) ED admission due to SARS-CoV-2 infection

  2. VE calculated as 1 minus the HR comparing the incidence of 2 doses with BNT162b2 for ICU ad-mission due to SARS-CoV-2 infection and not, multiplied by 100%. [ Time Frame: Through study completion, average of one month ]
    To estimate the effectiveness of 2 doses of BNT162b2 against ICU admission due to SARS-CoV-2 infection

  3. VE calculated as 1 minus the HR comparing the incidence of (2 doses with BNT162b2 for death due to SARS-CoV-2 infection and not, multiplied by 100%. [ Time Frame: Through study completion, average of one month ]
    To estimate the effectiveness of 2 doses of BNT162b2 against death due to SARS-CoV-2 infection

  4. VE calculated as 1 minus the HR comparing the incidence of 2 doses with BNT162b2 for COVID-19 outpatient visits (without subsequent hospitalization within 14 days) due to SARS-CoV-2 infection and not, multiplied by 100%. [ Time Frame: Through study completion, average of one month ]
    To estimate the effectiveness of 2 doses of BNT162b2 against COVID-19 outpatient visits (without subsequent hospitalization within 14 days) due to SARS-CoV-2 infection

  5. VE calculated as 1 minus the HR comparing the incidence of only 1 dose of BNT162b2 for hospitalization, ED visit, death, and COVID-19 outpatient visits (without hospitalization within 14 days) due to SARS-CoV-2 infection and not, multiplied by 100%. [ Time Frame: Through study completion, average of one month ]
    To describe the effectiveness of only 1 dose of BNT162b2 (i.e., partially vaccinated) against hospitalization, ED admission, ICU admission, death, and outpatient visits (without subsequent hospitalization within 14 days) due to SARS-CoV-2 infection

  6. VE calculated as 1 minus the HR comparing the incidence ≥1 dose of BNT162b2 for hospitalization, ED visit, death, and COVID-19 outpatient visits (without subsequent hospitaliza-tion within 14 days) due to SARS-CoV-2 infection and not, multiplied by 100%. [ Time Frame: Through study completion, average of one month ]
    To describe the effectiveness of ≥1 dose of BNT162b2 (i.e., ever vaccinated) against hospitalization, ICU admission, ED admission, death, and outpatient visits (without subsequent hospitalization within 14 days) due to SARS-CoV-2 infection

  7. VE calculated as 1 minus the HR comparing the incidence of >2 doses of BNT162b2 for hospitaliza-tion, ED visit, death, and COVID-19 outpatient vis-its (without subsequent hospitalization within 14 days) due to SARS-CoV-2 infection, multiplied by 100%. [ Time Frame: Through study completion, average of one month ]
    To describe the effectiveness of >2 doses of BNT162b2 against hospitalization, ED admission, ICU admission, death, and outpatient visits (without subsequent hospital-ization within 14 days) due to SARS-CoV-2 infection.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   5 Years to 120 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
All members of KPSC who are eligible based on vaccination status and age.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria for Test Negative Design

  • KPSC patients eligible to receive BNT162b2 who are admitted to the hospital (primary objective and some secondary objectives) with acute respiratory infection (ARI; International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes) after 14 December 2020 (date of first vaccinations at KPSC), and who receive a PCR test for SARS-CoV-2.
  • For secondary objectives estimating VE against ED admission, the TND will include KPSC patients eligible to receive BNT162b2 who present to the ED with ARI after 14 December 2020, and who receive a PCR test for SARS-CoV-2.
  • We will include membership requirement of 1 year prior to index date, which is defined as the date of hospitalization or ED admission (allowing 31-day administrative gap), to facilitate accurate capture of comorbid conditions.

Inclusion Criteria for Cohort Design-

  • All KPSC members as of 14 December 2020 (date of first Pfizer vaccination at KPSC) eligible to receive BNT162b2.
  • For the cohort study, patients must have at least 1 year of membership (allowing 31-day administrative gap) prior to 14 December 2020 (index date, date vaccinations first began at KPSC) to facilitate accurate capture of comorbid conditions.

Exclusion Criteria Test Negative Design Patients who receive only another newly licensed or investigational SARS-CoV-2 vaccine or COVID-19 prophylactic agent other than Pfizer's COVID-19 vaccine prior to hospitalization (or ED, for secondary objective) will be excluded from the study population When estimating VE for BNT162b2 vaccination, patients receiving another newly licensed or investigational SARS-CoV-2 vaccine or COVID-19 prophylactic agent other than Pfizer's COVID-19 vaccine prior to hospitalization or ED will be excluded from the analysis. Patients will also be excluded if the index date is within certain time windows from vaccination date, outlined further in the exposure section below.

Exclusion Criteria for Cohort Design There will be no exclusion criteria for the cohort design, however patients will be censored for receiving any other newly licensed or investigational SARS-CoV-2 vaccine or COVID-19 prophylactic agent other than Pfizer's COVID-19 vaccine


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04848584


Contacts
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Contact: Pfizer CT.gov Call Center 1-800-718-1021 ClinicalTrials.gov_Inquiries@pfizer.com

Locations
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United States, California
Kaiser Permanente Southern California Recruiting
Pasadena, California, United States, 91101
Principal Investigator: Sara Tartof, PhD, MPH         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pfizer
Investigators
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Study Director: Pfizer CT.gov Call Center Pfizer
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Pfizer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04848584    
Other Study ID Numbers: C4591014
First Posted: April 19, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 22, 2022
Last Verified: January 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Pfizer will provide access to individual de-identified participant data and related study documents (e.g. protocol, Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP), Clinical Study Report (CSR)) upon request from qualified researchers, and subject to certain criteria, conditions, and exceptions. Further details on Pfizer's data sharing criteria and process for requesting access can be found at: https://www.pfizer.com/science/clinical_trials/trial_data_and_results/data_requests.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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COVID-19
Respiratory Tract Infections
Infections
Pneumonia, Viral
Pneumonia
Virus Diseases
Coronavirus Infections
Coronaviridae Infections
Nidovirales Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs