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Sleep Coach: A Mobile App to Address Insomnia Symptoms Among Cancer Survivors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04827459
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 1, 2021
Last Update Posted : March 31, 2022
Breast Cancer Research Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This clinical trial will evaluate the adherence, usefulness, satisfaction and effect size for the Sleep Coach app as an intervention for insomnia in 30 adult post-treatment cancer survivors.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Insomnia Breast Cancer Prostate Cancer Colon Cancer Behavioral: Sleep Coach App Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Difficulty sleeping, falling and/or staying asleep, is common in people after they have been diagnosed and treated for cancer. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) is considered to be the preferred treatment but until now, there has been limited access for most people to CBT-I because it has required an in-person visit with a trained therapist. This research study is to test a mobile CBT-I app called MI Sleep Coach to deliver CBT-I. The goal of this study is to understand if people are willing to use the app, if they find it useful in helping with sleep difficulty and if they are satisfied with using it. The investigators hope to use information from this small feasibility study to study the effectiveness of the app in a larger group of cancer survivors and ultimately to help cancer survivors with sleep difficulties to sleep better.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Sleep Coach: A Mobile App to Address Insomnia Symptoms Among Cancer Survivors
Actual Study Start Date : May 12, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MI Sleep Coach Mobile Application
The Sleep Coach app includes evidence-based CBT-I strategies, interactive activities and a computerized dialogue agent to engage users in the adoption of and adherence to CBT-I strategies.
Behavioral: Sleep Coach App
Participants will be encouraged to interact with the mobile app daily for as much time as they wish, or for as little as 5 - 10 minutes, over a 7-week period.
Other Name: MI Sleep Coach

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of participants engaging with the app at least 4 days/week [ Time Frame: 7 weeks ]
    Adherence will be evaluated using data gathered from the application. Participants will be asked to interact daily with the application and will be deemed adherent if they interact with the app at least 4 times per week for the duration (7 weeks) of the study. Adherence rate will be the number of participants deemed adherent / total number of participants.

  2. Percentage of participants that find the intervention useful [ Time Frame: 7 weeks ]
    Usefulness will be assessed using a survey developed by the investigators of this study called the User Experience Survey, which is based upon the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT). The survey assesses perceived ease of use and usefulness of the Sleep Coach app as well as participant satisfaction with the app. To assess usefulness, participants are asked to rate the usefulness of 10 different features of the Sleep Coach app on a scale of 1 to 4, with higher scores indicating greater usefulness. Participants who rate at least one app feature 2 or greater will be considered as finding the intervention useful.

  3. Percentage of participants satisfied with the intervention [ Time Frame: 7 weeks ]
    Satisfaction will be assessed using 2 questions from the User Experience Survey: one to determine the level of overall satisfaction with the app and the other to determine the level of willingness to recommend the app to others. Satisfaction questions are rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with higher scores indicating greater agreement/satisfaction. Participants who rate both questions 4 or greater will be considered satisfied with the Sleep Coach app.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Effect size of the intervention as measured by the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). [ Time Frame: baseline to 7 weeks ]
    The ISI is a 7-item questionnaire used to measure a patient's perceptions of the nature, impact and severity of insomnia. Items are scored on a scale of 0 to 4, with higher scores indicating more severe insomnia. Cohen's d or f will be calculated from baseline to week 7 to assess the effect size of the intervention.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18 years of age or older
  • Has completed curative-intent treatment (chemo, surgery, RT) for prostate, colon or breast cancer at least three months and not more than 5 years prior to study entry. Note: Ongoing hormonal therapy (i.e., tamoxifen, aromatase inhibitors, casodex), Herceptin and maintenance therapies are allowed.
  • Ability to read and write English
  • Ability to complete questionnaire(s) by themselves or with assistance.
  • Reports trouble falling asleep or staying asleep on at least 3 nights per week (most weeks) for the last 3 months.
  • Own an Android phone version 8 or higher (The latest version of Android is 11.0) or an iPhone running iOS 11 or higher (The latest version of iOS is 14.3.)
  • Ability to provide informed written consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inability to read and write English
  • Diagnosis of a sleep disorder other than insomnia (e.g. sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome, narcolepsy)
  • Diagnosis of Insomnia prior to cancer diagnosis
  • Reports physical symptoms that interfere with sleep, such as shortness of breath, pain, hot flashes, frequent urination
  • Major psychiatric or medical condition other than cancer suspected to contribute to their sleep disturbance
  • Evidence of active cancer (i.e. not considered NED)
  • Currently or previously received CBT-I
  • Patients who are night shift workers or subject to other external restrictions on their opportunity to sleep at night.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04827459

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United States, Michigan
University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center Recruiting
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
Contact: Cancer AnswerLine    800-865-1125   
Principal Investigator: Noel Arring, DNP, PhD, RN         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center
Breast Cancer Research Foundation
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Principal Investigator: Noel Arring, DNP, PhD, RN University of Michigan
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Responsible Party: University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center Identifier: NCT04827459    
Other Study ID Numbers: UMCC 2021.004
HUM00194610 ( Other Identifier: University of Michigan )
First Posted: April 1, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 31, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center:
cancer survivor
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic
Sleep Wake Disorders
Nervous System Diseases
Mental Disorders