Try the modernized ClinicalTrials.gov beta website. Learn more about the modernization effort.
Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Atezolizumab in Combination With Chemotherapy for Pediatric Relapsed/Refractory Solid Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04796012
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : March 12, 2021
Last Update Posted : March 31, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Matthew Campbell, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Brief Summary:
This trial is a multi-center, non-randomized, open-label Phase II study evaluating the feasibility and efficacy of vincristine, irinotecan, temozolomide, and atezolizumab. The trial will enroll patients with pediatric relapsed/refractory solid tumors.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Solid Tumor Drug: Atezolizumab Drug: Vincristine Drug: Irinotecan Drug: Temozolomide Phase 2

Detailed Description:
In this study, we will test the combination of atezolizumab with chemotherapy for relapsed solid tumors in childhood. This combination has not been tested. Thus, in the first cohort, investigators will determine the feasibility of administering vincristine, irinotecan, temozolomide, and atezolizumab simultaneously in children with relapsed or refractory solid tumors, regardless of PD-L1 status. In the next cohort, investigators will determine the objective response rate (ORR), duration of response, and progression-free survival of children with PD-L1(+) relapsed or refractory solid tumors treated with vincristine, irinotecan, temozolomide, and atezolizumab.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Atezolizumab in Combination With Chemotherapy for Pediatric Relapsed/Refractory Solid Tumors: An Open-label, Phase II, Single-arm, Multi-center Trial
Estimated Study Start Date : July 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Atezolizumab with vincristine, irinotecan and temozolomide
Atezolizumab will be administered by intravenous (IV) infusion at a dose of 15 mg/kg (maximum 1200 mg) on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle, along with vincristine, irinotecan, and temozolomide at the above doses. Treatment will continue for up to 2 years or until the participant experiences disease progression or an unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Atezolizumab
15 mg/kg (max 1,200 mg) IV on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle

Drug: Vincristine
1.5 mg/m2 [max 2 mg] IV will be administered on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle

Drug: Irinotecan
50 mg/m2 IV or 90 mg/m2 PO will be administered on Days 1-5 of each 21-day cycle

Drug: Temozolomide
100 mg/m2 PO or IV will be administered on Days 1-5 if each 21-day cycle




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants with Dose-limiting Toxicities (DLTs) [ Time Frame: Beginning of cycle 3, or 30 days after the second cycle has started, whichever is earlier (each cycle is 21 days) ]
    DLT is defined as any event that is possibly, probably, or definitely attributable to the treatment regimen and exceeds the protocol defined threshold for severity

  2. Number of participants with Acute Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: 42 days post treatment. ]

    AE is defined as any untoward or unfavorable medical occurrence in a human research study participant, including any abnormal sign, symptom, clinical event, or disease, temporally associated with the subject's participation in the research, whether or not it is considered related to the subject's participation in the research.

    AEs will be graded by a numerical score according to the defined NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) Version 5.0. Adverse events not specifically defined in the NCI CTCAE will be scored on the Adverse Event log according to the general guidelines provided by the NCI CTCAE. Acute AEs are events occurring in the time period from the signing of the informed consent, through 42 days post treatment.


  3. Number of participants with Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: 48 months ]

    SAEs are those events, occurring at any dose, which meets any of the following criteria: 1) results in death, 2) is life-threatening, 3) results in inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, 4) results in a persistent or significant disability/incapacity, 5) results in a congenital anomly/birth defect in a neonate/infant born to a mother exposed to the IMP; or 6) based upon appropriate medical judgement, may jeopardize the subject's health and may require medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the other outcomes listed in this definition. SAE determination does not require the event to be related to the research.

    SAEs will be graded by a numerical score according to the defined NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) Version 5.0. Serious adverse events not specifically defined in the NCI CTCAE will be scored on the Adverse Event log according to the general guidelines provided by the NCI CTCAE.


  4. Objective response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 18 weeks post treatment ]
    ORR is the percentage of participants whose confirmed best overall response was either a partial response (PR) or a complete response (CR) based upon independent review and per RECIST v1.1, modified INRC, or RANO criteria as appropriate.

  5. Objective response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Week 18 up to 24 months post treatment ]
    ORR is the percentage of participants whose confirmed best overall response was either a partial response (PR) or a complete response (CR) based upon independent review and per RECIST v1.1, modified INRC, or RANO criteria as appropriate.

  6. Objective response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Month 24 up to end of study (approximately 48 months) ]
    ORR is the percentage of participants whose confirmed best overall response was either a partial response (PR) or a complete response (CR) based upon independent review and per RECIST v1.1, modified INRC, or RANO criteria as appropriate.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Duration of response [ Time Frame: Up to 18 weeks post treatment ]
    Measured from the time measurement criteria are met for CR or PR (whichever is first recorded) until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented (taking as reference for progressive disease the smallest measurements recorded since the treatment started)

  2. Duration of response [ Time Frame: Week 18 up to 24 months post treatment ]
    Measured from the time measurement criteria are met for CR or PR (whichever is first recorded) until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented (taking as reference for progressive disease the smallest measurements recorded since the treatment started)

  3. Duration of response [ Time Frame: Month 24 up to end of study (approximately 48 months) ]
    Measured from the time measurement criteria are met for CR or PR (whichever is first recorded) until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented (taking as reference for progressive disease the smallest measurements recorded since the treatment started)

  4. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 18 weeks post treatment ]
    PFS is defined as the interval between the first day of treatment and the date of disease progression or death due to any cause, whichever occurred first (taking as reference for progressive disease the smallest measurements recorded since the treatment started).

  5. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Week 18 up to 24 months post treatment ]
    PFS is defined as the interval between the first day of treatment and the date of disease progression or death due to any cause, whichever occurred first (taking as reference for progressive disease the smallest measurements recorded since the treatment started).

  6. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Month 24 up to end of study (approximately 48 months) ]
    PFS is defined as the interval between the first day of treatment and the date of disease progression or death due to any cause, whichever occurred first (taking as reference for progressive disease the smallest measurements recorded since the treatment started).

  7. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 18 weeks post treatment ]
    OS will be characterized as both the percentage of participants without event (death) as well as median time to event (death)

  8. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Week 18 up to 24 months post treatment ]
    OS will be characterized as both the percentage of participants without event (death) as well as median time to event (death)

  9. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Month 24 up to end of study (approximately 48 months) ]
    OS will be characterized as both the percentage of participants without event (death) as well as median time to event (death)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years to 30 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Signed informed consent
  2. Relapsed or refractory solid tumor after at least one prior course of therapy. Hodgkin lymphoma or non-Hodgkin lymphoma are not permitted. Patients with CNS malignancy or asymptomatic CNS metastases may be enrolled, provided all of the following criteria are met. No metastatic or primary disease affecting the brainstem, midbrain, pons, or cerebellum, or within 10 mm of optic nerve. No history of leptomeningeal disease No history of intracranial or spinal cord hemorrhage. No evidence of progression of neurologic deficit, in the investigator's judgment, within 7 days prior to initiation of study medications.
  3. Age ≥ 6 months and ≤ 30 years
  4. Lansky Performance Status (patients < 16 years old) or Karnofsky Performance Status (patients ≥ 16 years old) ≥ 50
  5. Ability to comply with the study protocol, in the investigator's judgment
  6. For efficacy cohort, disease must be measurable as defined by RECIST v1.1, mINRC, or RANO criteria (as appropriate). For the feasibility cohort, disease must be evaluable, but patients enrolled on the feasibility cohort will be prospectively assessed for measurable disease. If they are deemed to have measurable disease and PD-L1(+) staining, they will also be included in the efficacy cohort. Previously irradiated lesions can be considered as measurable disease only if progressive disease has been unequivocally documented at that site since radiation.
  7. For the efficacy cohort, PD-L1(+) tumor is required. Staining may be performed in the central site CAP/CLIA -certified laboratory using the 22c3 antibody for immunohistochemical analysis. PD-L1(+) status will be defined as staining on ≥1% of tumor cells or ≥1% of stroma. For the feasibility cohort, PD-L1 positivity is not required but will be performed centrally in all cases for exploratory biomarker studies.
  8. Availability of a tumor specimen suitable for determination of PD-L1 status, either from initial diagnosis or from a recurrence. For PD-L1 staining to be performed at the central site, a formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor specimen in a paraffin block (preferred) or at least 15 slides containing unstained, freshly cut, serial sections must be available along with an associated pathology report prior to study enrollment. Patients for whom the required number of slides are not available may still be eligible to enroll on study with PI approval
  9. Adequate organ and marrow function as defined by the following laboratory values obtained within 21 days prior to initiation of study medication.

    1. For patients without known bone marrow involvement: (1) Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.0 x 10^9 / L (1000/µL) without granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support (≥14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor such as pegfilgrastim, or 7 days after short-acting growth factor), (2) Absolute lymphocyte count ≥ 0.5 x 10^9 / L (500/µL), (3) Platelet count ≥ 75 x 10^9 / L (75,000/µL) without transfusion in the last 7 days.
    2. Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease will be eligible for the study if they meet the following criteria: (1) Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 750/mm3, (2) Absolute lymphocyte count ≥ 0.4 x 10^9 / L (400/µL), (3) Platelet count ≥ 50,000/mm3 (may receive transfusions provided they are not known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions).
    3. Total bilirubin ≤1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
    4. AST (SGOT) and ALT (SPGT) ≤ 2.5 x ULN for age
    5. Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN for age or creatinine clearance (or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate) ≥ 70 mL/min/1.73 m2 f Left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 50% or shortening fraction ≥ 30%
  10. Negative HIV and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) tests at screening
  11. For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive methods, and agreement to refrain from donating eggs, as defined below:

    1. Women must remain abstinent or use contraceptive methods with a failure rate of less than 1% per year during the treatment period and for 5 months after the final doses of atezolizumab, vincristine, and temozolomide. Women must refrain from donating eggs during this same period.
    2. A woman is considered to be of childbearing potential if she is postmenarchal, has not reached a postmenopausal state (12 or more continuous months of amenorrhea with no identified cause other than menopause), and has not undergone surgical sterilization (removal of ovaries and/or uterus), regardless of sexual orientation or marital status.
  12. For men who are not surgically sterile: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive measures, and agreement to refrain from donating sperm, as defined below:

    1. With a female partner of childbearing potential who is not pregnant, men must remain abstinent or use a condom plus an additional contraceptive method that together result in a failure rate of less 1% per year during the treatment period and for 5 months after the final doses of atezolizumab, irinotecan, and temozolomide. Men must refrain from donating sperm during this same period.
    2. The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or postovulation methods) and withdrawal are not adequate methods of contraception

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pregnancy or breastfeeding or intention of becoming pregnant during study treatment or within 5 months after the final dose of study treatment. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test result within 21 days prior to initiation of study treatment.
  2. Medical conditions that are excluded:

    1. Active or history of autoimmune disease or immune deficiency, including, but not limited to, myasthenia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, or Kawasaki syndrome with the following exceptions:

      • Patients with a history of autoimmune-related hypothyroidism who are on thyroid-replacement hormone are eligible for the study.
      • Patients with controlled Type 1 diabetes mellitus who are on an insulin regimen are eligible for the study.
      • Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus, or vitiligo with dermatologic manifestations only (e.g., patients with psoriatic arthritis are excluded) are eligible for the study provided all of following conditions are met at study initiation: (1) Rash must cover less 10% of body surface area, (2) Disease is well controlled at baseline and requires only low-potency topical corticosteroids, (3) No occurrence of acute exacerbations of the underlying condition requiring psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation, methotrexate, retinoids, biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors, or high-potency or oral corticosteroids within the previous 12 months
    2. Uncontrolled or symptomatic hypercalcemia (ionized calcium less than 1.5 mmol/L, calcium less than 12 mg/dL or corrected serum calcium less than ULN)
    3. Uncontrolled pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, or ascites requiring recurrent drainage procedures (once monthly or more frequently). Patients with indwelling catheters (e.g., PleurX) are allowed.
    4. Uncontrolled tumor-related pain. Patients requiring pain medication must be on a stable regimen at study entry for at least 2 weeks. Intermittent use of as needed medication is allowed during this period.
    5. Clinically significant gastrointestinal disorder that may interfere with absorption of orally administered drugs (at the discretion of the treating physician)
    6. History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia (e.g., bronchiolitis obliterans), drug-induced pneumonitis, or idiopathic pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest computed tomography (CT) scan. History of radiation pneumonitis in the radiation field (fibrosis) is permitted.
    7. Significant cardiovascular disease (such as New York Heart Association Class II or greater cardiac disease, myocardial infarction, or cerebrovascular accident) within 3 months prior to initiation of study treatment, unstable arrhythmia, or unstable angina
    8. History of severe asthma or uncontrolled asthma i Dyspnea at rest or requirement for supplemental oxygen

    j. Uncontrolled seizures. Patients taking a stable dose of anticonvulsants (for 2 weeks) are permitted, as long as they are not strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4.

    k. Any other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug, may affect the interpretation of the results, or may render the patient at high risk from treatment complications in the opinion of the treating investigator

  3. Washout periods from prior therapies:

    1. Myelosuppressive chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 21 days prior to starting study treatment. Subjects must have recovered from all acute prior treatment-related toxicities to grade 1 or baseline (excluding alopecia and clinically stable toxicities requiring ongoing medical management, such as hypothyroidism).
    2. Non-myelosuppressive cancer therapy, such as kinase inhibitors, within 7 days prior to study treatment.
    3. Treatment with monoclonal antibodies with long half-lives, within 3 half-lives prior to study treatment.
    4. Treatment with targeted cellular therapies within 28 days prior to starting study treatment.
    5. Major surgical procedure, other than for diagnosis, within 30 days prior to initiation of study treatment, or anticipation of need for a major surgical procedure during the first four cycles of the study.

      • Biopsy tissue collection or placement of a vascular access device is permitted if the site has healed prior to initiation of study medications.
      • For patients with CNS disease, no neurosurgical resection, brain biopsy, or stereotactic/whole-brain radiation within 30 days prior to Cycle 1, Day 1
    6. Treatment with a live, attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to initiation of study treatment, or anticipation of need for such a vaccine during atezolizumab treatment or within 5 months after the final dose of atezolizumab
    7. Treatment with investigational therapy within 21 days prior to initiation of study treatment or concurrent participation with another investigational agent
    8. Treatment with systemic immunostimulatory agents (including, but not limited to, interferon and interleukin 2 [IL-2]) within 4 weeks or 5 half-lives of the drug (whichever is longer) prior to initiation of study treatment
    9. Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medication (including, but not limited to, corticosteroids, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and anti-TNF-agents) within 2 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment, or anticipation of need for systemic immunosuppressive medication during study treatment, with the following exceptions:

      • Patients who received acute, low-dose systemic immunosuppressant medication or a one-time pulse dose of systemic immunosuppressant medication (e.g., 48 hours of corticosteroids for a contrast allergy) are eligible for the study after Principal Investigator confirmation has been obtained.
      • Patients who received mineralocorticoids (e.g., fludrocortisone), corticosteroids for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or asthma, or low-dose corticosteroids for orthostatic hypotension or adrenal insufficiency are eligible for the study.
      • Patients with CNS disease can be receiving concurrent treatment with corticosteroids with approval from the Principal Investigator. Patients must be receiving a stable or decreasing dose for ≥ 5 days prior to the baseline MRI scan and at the time of drug initiation. The Principal Investigator should be informed when steroid doses are increased because of declining patient status.
    10. Use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers or strong UGT1A1 inhibitors within 12 days of Cycle 1, Day 1.
    11. Treatment with high-dose chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem-cell rescue within 3 months prior to initiation of study drug
    12. Treatment with herbal cancer therapy within 1 week prior to initiation of study medications.
    13. Treatment with a long-acting hematopoietic growth factor (such as pegfilgrastim) within 2 weeks prior to initiation of study medications, or a short-acting hematopoietic growth factor (such as G-CSF) within 1 week prior to initiation of study medications.
  4. Prior treatments:

    1. Prior allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplantation
    2. Prior treatment with CD137 agonists or immune checkpoint blockade therapies to include all anti-PD-1, and anti-PD-L1 therapeutic antibodies
    3. Subjects must not have previously progressed while receiving regimens that include irinotecan or temozolomide. Patients who have received irinotecan or temozolomide and did not progress while on these medications are eligible.
  5. Known ongoing or untreated infection, including, but not limited to bacteremia, active tuberculosis, severe pneumonia, current treatment with anti-viral therapy for HBV, active hepatitis C

    a. Patients receiving prophylactic antibiotics (e.g., to prevent a urinary tract infection or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation) are eligible for the study.

  6. Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any component of the study medications

    1. History of severe allergic anaphylactic reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins
    2. Known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or to any component of the atezolizumab formulation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04796012


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Matthew Campbell, MD 214-456-6914 Matthew.Campbell@UTSouthwestern.edu
Contact: Kenneth Chen, MD 214-648-8291 Kenneth.Chen@UTSouthwestern.edu

Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, Texas
The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75235
Contact: Matthew Campbell, MD    214-456-6914    Matthew.Campbell@UTSouthwestern.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Matthew Campbell
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Matthew Campbell, MD UT Southwestern Medical Center
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Matthew Campbell, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04796012    
Other Study ID Numbers: SOL0620KC
First Posted: March 12, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 31, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Matthew Campbell, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center:
relapsed solid tumor
refractory solid tumor
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Neoplasms
Irinotecan
Vincristine
Temozolomide
Atezolizumab
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents