Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Abemaciclib With or Without Atezolizumab for mCRPC

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04751929
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : February 12, 2021
Last Update Posted : April 14, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Eli Lilly and Company
Genentech, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Atish Choudhury, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:
This trial is testing whether a molecularly targeted chemotherapy drug called abemaciclib and an immunotherapy drug called atezolizumab, alone or in combination, are effective in shrinking or preventing the growth of metastatic prostate cancer. The trial is also testing the safety of the combination of abemaciclib with atezolizumab.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostate Cancer Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer Drug: Abemaciclib Drug: Atezolizumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a multi-center, open label Phase II study of patients with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) who will be treated with abemaciclib and atezolizumab alone or in combination.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved abemaciclib or atezolizumab alone or in combination for use in prostate cancer. Abemaciclib is an orally administered molecularly targeted chemotherapy drug called a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, which acts to block the ability of cancer cells to divide and thus prevents tumors from growing. In the laboratory setting, this drug is effective in prostate cancer models that have become resistant to standard hormonal treatments, and this drug is currently being studied for its effectiveness in prostate cancer in other clinical trials. Atezolizumab is an intravenously administered drug called an immune checkpoint inhibitor, which acts to activate the immune system to kill cancer cells. Atezolizumab is ineffective on its own in most patients with prostate cancer, but is being tested in combination with other drugs for prostate cancer in other clinical trials. Multiple research groups have demonstrated in laboratory model systems that abemaciclib can may make immune checkpoint inhibitors more effective.

The research study procedures include screening for eligibility and study treatment including evaluations and follow up visits.

The study design divides study participants into two separate cohorts. The first cohort is a set of subjects whose tumors are not known to have mutations in the CDK12 gene (the "biomarker unselected cohort") - either because tumor tissue never underwent genetic profiling, or because genetic profiling was performed but did not demonstrate a mutation in the CDK12 gene. In this "biomarker unselected cohort," this study will be testing whether abemaciclib alone or in combination with atezolizumab is an effective treatment strategy.

The second cohort of participants is a set of subjects whose tumors are known to have mutations in the CDK12 gene based on genetic profiling of the tumor that occurred prior to enrollment on this study. Prior studies suggest that cancers with mutations in the CDK12 gene can shrink in response to immune checkpoint inhibitors. This study will be testing in study participants whose tumors are known to have mutations in CDK12 whether atezolizumab alone or in combination with abemaciclib is an effective treatment strategy.

In addition, the trial is testing the safety of the combination of the two drugs in both cohorts.

Participants will receive study treatment for as long as they do not have serious side effects and their disease does not get worse. Participants will be followed after completion of study treatment for up to 24 months

It is expected that about 75 people will take part in this research study.

Eli Lilly and Company is supporting this research study by providing funding for research and the study drug abemaciclib. Genentech, Inc. is supporting the study by providing the study drug atezolizumab.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 75 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Multi-Center Trial of Abemaciclib With or Without Atezolizumab in Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer
Estimated Study Start Date : August 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 20, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 20, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Biomarker-Unselected Abemaciclib Monotherapy (Randomized)

Participants in the Biomarker-Unselected Cohort, defined as those whose tumors are not known to have mutations in the CDK12 gene will be randomized to either receive Abemaciclib as monotherapy or in combination with Atezolizumab

  • Monotherapy : Participants will receive Abemaciclib orally 2x daily
Drug: Abemaciclib
Taken orally 2x daily
Other Name: Verzenio

Experimental: Biomarker-Unselected Abemaciclib + Atezolizumab (Randomized)

Participants in the Biomarker-Unselected Cohort, defined as those whose tumors are not known to have mutations in the CDK12 gene will be randomized to either receive Abemaciclib as monotherapy or in combination with Atezolizumab

  • Combination Therapy: Participants will receive Abemaciclib orally 2x daily and Atezolizumab intravenously Day 1 of each 21-Day cycle
Drug: Abemaciclib
Taken orally 2x daily
Other Name: Verzenio

Drug: Atezolizumab
Intravenously Day 1 of 21 day cycle
Other Name: Tecentriq

Experimental: CDK12 Mutation Atezolizumab Monotherapy (Non-Randomized)

Participants in the CDK12 Mutation Cohort defined as those whose tumors are known to have mutations in the CDK12 gene are not randomized but are assigned to receive either Atezolizumab monotherapy or in combination with Abemaciclib based on how many participants in this cohort previously received study treatment.

Atezolizumab monotherapy will be given to participants 1-5, these participants will receive Atezolizumab intravenously Day 1 of each 21-Day cycle

Drug: Atezolizumab
Intravenously Day 1 of 21 day cycle
Other Name: Tecentriq

Experimental: CDK12 Mutation Abemaciclib + Atezolizumab (Non-Randomized)

Participants in the CDK12 Mutation Cohort defined as those whose tumors are known to have mutations in the CDK12 gene are not randomized but are assigned to receive either Atezolizumab monotherapy or in combination with Abemaciclib based on how many participants in this cohort previously received study treatment.

Combination Therapy will be given to participants 6-21, these participants will receive Abemaciclib orally 2x daily and Atezolizumab intravenously Day 1 of each 21-Day cycle

Drug: Abemaciclib
Taken orally 2x daily
Other Name: Verzenio

Drug: Atezolizumab
Intravenously Day 1 of 21 day cycle
Other Name: Tecentriq




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. 6-month Progression free survival (PFS) rate [ Time Frame: from enrollment to 6 months after enrollment ]
    Assessed by RECIST1.1 and by PCWG3

  2. Objective response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: from enrollment to 6 months after enrollment ]
    Assessed by RECIST1.1 and by PSA reduction of >= 50%

  3. Rate of Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) [ Time Frame: from enrollment to end of treatment, up to 2 years ]
    Assessed by Bayesian Continuous Toxicity Monitoring

  4. Rate of Adverse Events [ Time Frame: from enrollment to end of treatment and 30 days thereafter, up to 2 years ]
    Assessed by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical benefit rate (CBR) [ Time Frame: from enrollment to end of treatment, up to 2 years ]
    Assessed by RECIST1.1, PCWG3 and PSA

  2. Duration of response (DOR) [ Time Frame: from enrollment to end of treatment, up to 2 years ]
    Assessed by RECIST1.1 and by PCWG3

  3. Duration of therapy (DOT) [ Time Frame: from enrollment to end of treatment, up to 2 years ]
    Assessed by RECIST1.1 and by PCWG3

  4. Time to progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: from enrollment to end of treatment, up to 2 years ]
    Assessed by RECIST1.1 and by PCWG3

  5. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: from enrollment to end of treatment and up to 24 months thereafter, up to 4 years ]
    Assessed by RECIST1.1



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), with histologic confirmation of adenocarcinoma of the prostate (without evidence of small cell carcinoma), with progressive disease at the time of study entry by either

    • Sequence of at least 2 rising PSA values at a minimum of 1-week intervals
    • Radiographic progression per RECIST1.1 for soft tissue and/or per PCWG3 for bone, with or without PSA progression
  • Adult males 18 years of age or older.
  • ECOG performance status of 0 or 1
  • Patients must have metastatic disease by bone scintigraphy or other nodal or visceral lesions on CT or MRI with a bone or soft tissue lesion amenable to image-guided percutaneous biopsy, and the patient must be evaluable for disease response by either

    • Baseline PSA ≥ 2.0 ng/mL OR
    • Measurable disease per RECIST 1.1
  • Past progression or intolerance to at least one novel antiandrogen therapy (abiraterone, enzalutamide, galeterone, apalutamide, darolutamide, orteronel, seviteronel or equivalent) in either the hormone-sensitive or castration-resistant disease setting.
  • Not a candidate for docetaxel or cabazitaxel chemotherapy due to:

    • progression within 12 months of completion or intolerance to prior taxane OR
    • refusal of taxane OR
    • contraindication to, or lack of fitness for taxane OR
    • Investigator assessment that taxane is not clinically indicated or preferred.
  • Maintenance of castration status, defined as serum testosterone level of less than 50 ng/dL. Patients must be surgically castrate or maintained on LHRH agonist or antagonist therapy for the duration of the study period.
  • Must have recovered from any treatment-related toxicities to ≤ CTCAE grade 1.

    • Patients with ≤ CTCAE grade 2 anorexia, alopecia, neuropathy, and/or fatigue however, are also permitted to enroll.
  • Participants must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • leukocytes ≥3,000/mcL
    • absolute neutrophil count ≥1,500/mcL
    • hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL (without transfusion or growth factor in prior 28 days)
    • platelets ≥100,000/mcL (without transfusion or growth factor in prior 28 days)
    • total bilirubin ≤1.5 × institutional upper limit of normal, unless the subject has known or suspected Gilbert's syndrome
    • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤1.5 × institutional upper limit of normal
    • creatinine clearance ≥30 mL/min/1.73 m2
  • Life expectancy of at least 6 months, as determined by a study Investigator.
  • Ability to swallow oral medications.
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign an IRB-approved informed consent.
  • Additional Inclusion Criteria (Arm C patients)

    • Must have documentation (via CLIA approved, CAP certified next generation sequencing [NGS] assay report) of genomic aberration resulting in CDK12 loss of function in metastatic tumor tissue.

      • Patients whose tumors have not previously undergone NGS are not eligible for Arm C but are eligible for the randomized unselected cohorts.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Clinical evidence of, or known and untreated metastatic CNS disease.
  • Concurrent active malignancy.

    • Patients with non-melanomatous skin cancer, cancer not needing active therapy for at least 2 years, cancer for which the treating investigator deems the subject to be in remission, or any prior malignancy that was treated with curative intent (no evidence of disease for at least 3 years) are also permitted to enroll.
  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to planned cycle 1 day 1 of study treatment.
  • Patients who have received oral anti-neoplastic intervention such as an oral hormonal agent, PARP inhibitor, AR targeted therapy, or oral experimental agent within 14 days prior to planned cycle 1 day 1 of study treatment.
  • Prior treatment with an inhibitor of CDK4 and/or 6.
  • Prior treatment with an inhibitor of PD-1, PD-L1, or PD-L2.
  • Patients on concurrent therapy with a moderate or strong CYP3A4 inducer or inhibitor which cannot be safely stopped at least five half-lives prior to initiation of therapy with abemaciclib.
  • Evidence of an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment within the last 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs).

    • Patients with conditions requiring replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) are permitted to enroll.
  • Live vaccine within 30 days of registration.
  • Active smoking or a history of smoking greater than 20 pack-years (i.e. # packs of cigarettes smoked per day × # of years patient has smoked > 20).
  • Prior history of radiation therapy to thorax (including to lungs/pleura, esophagus, intrathoracic lymph nodes, C7-L2 vertebrae, or ribs) for any reason and any duration/dose.
  • Any history of interstitial lung disease, pneumonitis or idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, regardless of remission or immunosuppression status.
  • Any history of lung cancer, regardless of stage or treatment
  • Any of the following abnormalities on pre-treatment pulmonary function testing:

    • FEV1/FVC < lower limit of normal (LLN) and FEV1 < 75% predicted OR
    • FVC < 70% of predicted, regardless of FEV1/FVC ratio OR
    • DLCO (corrected for hemoglobin) < 70% of predicted
  • Active bacterial or fungal infection, or known detectable viral infection (e.g., Human Immunodeficiency Virus [HIV] or viral hepatitis).
  • Arterial or venous thromboembolic event within the last 3 months.
  • Significant infection, medical condition, or social situation which, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude participation or limit the patient's ability to comply with study requirements.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04751929


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Atish Choudhury, MD, PhD (617) 632-6328 achoudhury@partners.org

Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, Massachusetts
Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Eli Lilly and Company
Genentech, Inc.
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Atish Choudhury, MD, PhD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Atish Choudhury, Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04751929    
Other Study ID Numbers: 20-701
First Posted: February 12, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 14, 2021
Last Verified: April 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The Dana-Farber / Harvard Cancer Center encourages and supports the responsible and ethical sharing of data from clinical trials. De-identified participant data from the final research dataset used in the published manuscript may only be shared under the terms of a Data Use Agreement. Requests may be directed to: [contact information for Sponsor Investigator or designee]. The protocol and statistical analysis plan will be made available on Clinicaltrials.gov only as required by federal regulation or as a condition of awards and agreements supporting the research.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: Data can be shared no earlier than 1 year following the date of publication
Access Criteria: Contact the Belfer Office for Dana-Farber Innovations (BODFI) at innovation@dfci.harvard.edu

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Atish Choudhury, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
Prostate Cancer
Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer
Abemaciclib
Atezolizumab
CDK4/6
Immunotherapy
PD-L1
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Prostatic Diseases
Atezolizumab
Antineoplastic Agents