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Cabozantinib in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04588051
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 19, 2020
Last Update Posted : January 14, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Stephen Chan Lam, Chinese University of Hong Kong

Brief Summary:

There have been lack of clinical studies on the role of drug treatment in patients who develop progressive disease with immune checkpoint inhibitors. Amongst HCC patients who become intolerant or refractory to sorafenib, cabozantinib has been shown by phase III clinical trial (CELESTIAL) to prolong the overall survival of patients, as compared to placebo. It is expected more patients will be treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors in future, hence it is clinically important to study the efficacy and toxicity of cabozantinib after treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors.

Further, both MET activation and upregulation of regulatory T cells are implicated in resistance mechanism to immune checkpoint inhibitors. Immuno-modulatory effects of cabozantinib have been described in vitro and in murine models for several cancers. Moreover, cabozantinib appears to exert its effect on regulatory T cells (Tregs) via the HGF/c-Met pathway, where this receptor signaling cascade mediates multiple immune cell functions. HGF was shown to suppress DC function and in turn induce Tregs (CD4+ CD25+ FoxP3) in a murine central nervous system (CNS) autoimmunity model. HGF cultured monocytes differentiate into monocytic cells that produce soluble factors that favor immune suppressive conditions ideal for tumor progression. Above immunomodulatory effects could enable cabozantinib to reverse the immunosuppressive phenotype in patients after failure with immune checkpoint inhibitors.

The starting dose of cabozantinib of 60mg once daily in the current study is chosen in accordance with approved dose by FDA for treatment of advanced HCC

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HCC Drug: Cabozantinib Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 48 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Clinical Trial to Study the Efficacy of Cabozantinib in Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma Refractory to Checkpoint Inhibitors
Actual Study Start Date : November 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2026
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2027

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cabozantinib Drug: Cabozantinib
60mg daily

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Median Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Median Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  2. Survival rate at 1-year [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  3. Median time-to-progression [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  4. Radiological response rate (RR) according to RECIST 1.1 [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  5. Radiological disease control rate (DCR) according to RECISIT 1.1 [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  6. Rate of adverse events according to CTCAE v5.0 [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Diagnosis of HCC according to AASLD guidelines
  2. Disease that is not amenable to a curative treatment (e.g. surgery, transplant, radiofrequency ablation)
  3. Prior treatment with immune check-point inhibitor (including anti-PD1, anti-CTLA4, anti-PD1 plus anti-CTLA4, or above agents plus other targeted agents)
  4. For patients who stop immune check-point inhibitor due to progressive disease, the duration of immune check-point inhibitor must be 8 weeks or longer
  5. Recovery to ≤ Grade 1 from toxicities related to any prior treatments, unless the adverse events are clinically nonsignificant and/or stable on supportive therapy
  6. Life expectancy of 12 weeks or longer
  7. Age ≥ 18 years old
  8. ECOG performance status of 0, 1 or 2
  9. Adequate hematological function

    1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.2 x109/L
    2. Platelets ≥ 60 x 109/L
    3. Hemoglobin ≥ 8g/dL
  10. Adequate renal function

    1. serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 × upper limit of normal or calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 40 mL/min (using the Cockroft-Gault equation) AND
    2. urine protein/creatinine ratio (UPCR) ≤ 1 mg/mg (≤ 113.1 mg/mmol) or 24-hour urine protein < 1 g
  11. Child-Pugh Score of A5 or 6
  12. Total bilirubin ≤ 2 mg/dL (≤ 34.2 μmol/L)
  13. Serum albumin > 2 g/dL (> 20 g/L)
  14. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 3.0 upper limit of normal (ULN)
  15. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) ≤ 8%
  16. Antiviral therapy per local standard of care if active hepatitis B (HBV) infection
  17. Capable of understanding and complying with the protocol requirements and signed informed consent
  18. Sexually active fertile subjects and their partners must agree to use medically accepted methods of contraception (e.g., barrier methods, including male condom, female condom, or diaphragm with spermicidal gel) during the course of the study and for 4 months after the last dose of study treatment
  19. Female subjects of childbearing potential must not be pregnant at screening.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Fibrolamellar carcinoma or mixed hepatocellular cholangiocarcinoma
  2. Prior cabozantinib treatment
  3. More than two lines of systemic therapy (i.e. cabozantinib must be either 2nd line or 3rd line systemic treatment)
  4. Known brain metastases or cranial epidural disease unless adequately treated with radiotherapy and/or surgery (including radiosurgery) and stable for at least 3 months before randomization.
  5. Concurrent steroid use of prednisolone >10mg once daily
  6. Presence of thrombosis or tumor invasion in inferior vena cava
  7. Concomitant anticoagulation, at therapeutic doses, with anticoagulants such as warfarin or warfarin-related agents, low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), thrombin or coagulation factor X (FXa) inhibitors, or antiplatelet agents (eg, clopidogrel). Low dose aspirin for cardioprotection (per local applicable guidelines), low-dose warfarin (≤ 1 mg/day), and low dose LMWH are permitted.
  8. The subject has uncontrolled, significant intercurrent or recent illness including, but not limited to, the following conditions:

    a. Cardiovascular disorders including i. Symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, or serious cardiac arrhythmias ii. Uncontrolled hypertension defined as sustained BP > 150 mm Hg systolic, or > 100 mm Hg diastolic despite optimal antihypertensive treatment iii. Stroke (including TIA), myocardial infarction, or other ischemic event within 6 months iv. Thromboembolic event within 3 months. Subjects with thromboses of portal/hepatic vasculature attributed to underlying liver disease and/or liver tumour are eligible b. Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders including those associated with a high risk of perforation or fistula formation/bleeding: i. Tumours invading the GI tract, active peptic ulcer disease, inflammatory bowel disease, diverticulitis, cholecystitis, symptomatic cholangitis or appendicitis, acute pancreatitis or acute obstruction of the pancreatic duct or common bile duct, or gastric outlet obstruction ii. Abdominal fistula, GI perforation, bowel obstruction, intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months

  9. Major surgery within 2 months before randomization. Complete healing from major surgery must have occurred 1 month before randomization. Complete healing from minor surgery (eg, simple excision, tooth extraction) must have occurred at least 7 days before registration. Subjects with clinically relevant co d. Cavitating pulmonary lesion(s) or endobronchial disease
  10. Lesion invading a major blood vessel (eg, pulmonary artery or aorta)
  11. Clinically significant bleeding risk including the following within 3 months of registration: hematuria, hematemesis, hemoptysis of >0.5 teaspoon (>2.5 mL) of red blood, or other signs indicative of pulmonary hemorrhage, or history of other significant bleeding if not due to reversible external factors
  12. Subjects with untreated or incompletely treated varices with bleeding or high risk for bleeding are excluded with the following clarification: subjects with history of prior variceal bleeding must have been treated with adequate endoscopic therapy without any evidence of recurrent bleeding for at least 6 months prior to study entry and must be stable on optimal medical management (e.g. non-selective beta blocker, proton pump inhibitor) at study entry.
  13. Moderate or severe ascites (Radiologically detected but clinically insignificant ascites is allowed)
  14. Corrected QT interval calculated by the Fridericia formula (QTcF) > 500 ms within 21 days of registration Note: If the QTcF is > 500 ms in first ECG, a total of 3 ECGs should be performed. If the average of these 3 consecutive results for QTcF is ≤ 500 ms, the subject meets eligibility in this regard.
  15. Previously identified allergy or hypersensitivity to components of the study treatment formulations
  16. Pregnant or lactating females
  17. Diagnosis of another malignancy within 2 years before randomization, except for superficial skin cancers, or localized, low-grade tumors deemed cured and not treated with systemic therapy
  18. Other clinically significant disorders that are judged by investigators to be unsuitable for the clinical trial

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04588051

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Contact: Stephen Chan, MD, FRCP 3505 2166
Contact: Nicole Yim, RN 3505 1046

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Hong Kong
Department of Clinical Oncology, Prince of Wales Hospital Recruiting
Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Contact: Stephen Chan, MD, FHKCP    3505 2166   
Contact: Nicole Yim, RN    3505 1046   
Korea, Republic of
ASAN Medical Center Recruiting
Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Contact: Changhoon Yoo, MD, Phd   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stephen Chan Lam
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Responsible Party: Stephen Chan Lam, Associate Professor, Department of Clinical Oncology, Chinese University of Hong Kong Identifier: NCT04588051    
Other Study ID Numbers: HCC063
First Posted: October 19, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 14, 2021
Last Verified: January 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases