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Pilot Study of Chemotherapy for HPV-Associated Oropharyngeal Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04572100
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 1, 2020
Last Update Posted : October 28, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Chicago

Brief Summary:
Doctors leading this study will give blood tests to head and neck cancer participants during the beginning of chemotherapy treatment (also known as induction therapy) to see if these blood tests can help predict tumor shrinkage after therapy and reduce the amount of additional radiotherapy or chemotherapy treatment the participant may need. This study will also examine ways to reduce overall side effects of treatment using robotic surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, or radiotherapy alone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Other: Transoral Robotic Surgery (TORS) or Radiotherapy Other: Chemotherapy and Low-Dose Radiotherapy Other: Chemotherapy and High-Dose Radiotherapy Drug: Paclitaxel Drug: Carboplatin Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 36 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Pilot Study of Induction Chemotherapy Followed by Risk and Response-Stratified Treatment for Locoregional HPV Associated Oropharyngeal Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : October 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 1, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 1, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group A - Low Risk
Participants who have low-risk cancer and significant reduction (greater than 50%) in tumor size following induction therapy will be assigned to this group.
Other: Transoral Robotic Surgery (TORS) or Radiotherapy
Participants assigned to this group will receive transoral robotic surgery (TORs) or radiotherapy. Radiotherapy is given once a day for 5 weeks. A percentage of subjects who undergo surgery may need further radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy based on the results of the surgery. TORs is surgery in which a robot with arms is used to remove cancer from hard-to-reach areas of the mouth and throat.

Experimental: Group B - Intermediate Risk
Participants who have low-risk cancer and intermediate reduction (30-50%) in tumor size or high-risk cancer with significant reduction (greater than or equal to 50%) in tumor size following induction therapy will be assigned to this group.
Other: Chemotherapy and Low-Dose Radiotherapy
Participants assigned to this group will receive 5 weeks of chemotherapy combined with low- dose radiotherapy.

Experimental: Group C - High-Risk
Participants who have high-risk cancer and less than a 50% reduction in their tumor size following induction therapy will be assigned to this group.
Other: Chemotherapy and High-Dose Radiotherapy
Participants assigned to this group will receive 7 weeks of chemotherapy combined with high- dose radiotherapy.

Experimental: Induction Therapy (Carboplatin and Paclitaxel)
All study participants will be assigned to this group to first receive induction therapy using a combination of carboplatin and paclitaxel. Participant response to this phase of therapy will determine which group (low-risk, intermediate risk or high-risk) the participant will be in.
Drug: Paclitaxel
This drug will be combined with carboplatin during induction therapy for 9 weeks.
Other Name: Taxol

Drug: Carboplatin
This drug will be combined with paclitaxel during induction therapy for 9 weeks.
Other Name: Paraplatin




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Feasibility of collection of serial HPV-DNA blood samples in patients undergoing treatment for Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    To determine if it is possible (feasibility) to measure HPV-DNA using blood tests among participants undergoing induction chemotherapy followed by a second round of response-based therapy for their HPV-associated cancer. This feasibility will be determined by measuring the proportion of patients who complete chemotherapy treatment and HPV-DNA assessments.

  2. Relationship Between HPV-DNA Found in Participant's Blood and Participant Response to Chemotherapy [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    To evaluate the relationship (aka correlation) between the amount of HPV-DNA found in a participant's plasma/blood and the participant's response to induction chemotherapy based on how their tumor responds to treatment.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in Blood Containing HPV-DNA During Response-Based Therapy [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    To evaluate changes in blood containing HPV-DNA during a second round of chemotherapy (known as response-based chemo-radiotherapy) that will be based on how the participant responded to their first/induction phase of chemotherapy treatment. This outcome will be measured by checking quantitative HPV DNA in plasma with each cycle of induction chemotherapy, weekly during radiation treatment, and following completion of radiation at set time points within the study.

  2. Side Effects of Cisplatin-Based Chemotherapy Treatment [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    To evaluate the side effects of weekly cisplatin-based treatment in participants receiving chemotherapy followed by a second round of response-based therapy for their HPV-associated cancer.

  3. Tumor Response Among Participants Undergoing Transoral Robotic Surgery [ Time Frame: 20 weeks ]
    To determine how participant's tumor/cancer responds when they are undergoing Transoral Robotic Surgery (TORS) following induction chemotherapy. TORs is surgery in which a robot with arms is used to remove cancer from hard-to-reach areas of the mouth and throat. Data about how patients' tumors respond in this study will be compared to similar data from a previous study.

  4. Time to Disease Recurrence [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Length of time participants remain without evidence of disease.

  5. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Length of time until participant death.

  6. Locoregional Control [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Number of participants who experience local control of their primary tumors after treatment.

  7. Distant Control [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Number of participants who experience control of metastatic disease (distant tumors) after treatment.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects must have clinically confirmed Human papillomavirus(HPV)-positive head and neck squamous cell cancer of the back of the mouth/throat (oropharynx). Confirmed HPV-positive disease of other subsites are uncommon but also eligible.
  2. HPV testing must be compliant with the following criteria:

    1. P16INK4a immunohistochemistry (p16 IHC) positivity is sufficient to enroll and initiate treatment (p16 IHC interpretation to follow guidelines by Jordan and Lingen et al72).
    2. p16 IHC positivity is to be validated using an HPV Polymerase chain reaction (PCR - a type of DNA copying method).
    3. HPV PCR must demonstrate HPV16 or HPV18 subtype
  3. Availability of greater than 10 unstained 5 micron slides (to be provided to HTRC at the University of Chicago). Patients who cannot fulfill this requirement will need to undergo a new biopsy prior to enrollment on study.
  4. Participants must be at least 18 years old.
  5. Participants with American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) (8th edition, 2018) N1 (>=3cm), N2-N3 nodal disease or T3-T4 primary tumor.
  6. Measurable disease (either primary site or nodal disease) according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST) 1.1 criteria.
  7. No previous radiation or chemotherapy for a head and neck cancer.
  8. No complete surgical resection for a head and neck cancer within 8 weeks of enrollment (although lymph node biopsy including excision of an individual node with presence of residual nodal disease, or surgical biopsy/excision of the tumor with residual measurable disease is acceptable.) No surgical procedures or biopsies will occur after baseline scans are performed and measurable lesions are identified.
  9. Eastern Cooperate Oncology Group performance status 0-1
  10. Normal organ function clinically confirmed by medical records.
  11. Participants must sign a study-specific informed consent form prior to study entry. Participants should have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  12. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 24 hours prior to the start of study drug.
  13. Women must not be breastfeeding.
  14. Women of childbearing potential must agree to follow instructions for method(s) of contraception for the duration of treatment.
  15. Men who are sexually active with women of childbearing potential must agree to follow instructions for method(s) of contraception for the duration of treatment with study drug(s).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Any sign of metastatic disease (M1 disease).
  2. Non-HPV16/18 subtype
  3. Unidentifiable primary site of cancer.
  4. Other medical illnesses that may impair the participant's ability to receive therapy or limit survival. This includes but is not limited to ongoing or active infection, immunodeficiency, symptomatic congestive heart failure, pulmonary dysfunction, cardiomyopathy, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance. Patients with clinically stable and/or chronically managed medical illnesses that are not symptomatic and/or are not expected to impact treatment on protocol are still eligible (conditions to be reviewed by the PI to confirm eligibility)
  5. Prior surgical therapy other than incisional/excisional biopsy or organ-sparing procedures such as debulking of airway-compromising tumors. Residual measurable tumor is required for enrollment as discussed above.
  6. Patients receiving other investigational agents.
  7. Prior systemic anti-cancer treatment within the last 8 weeks.
  8. Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer or any tumors that are not likely to influence life expectancy in the subsequent 3 years without active treatment.
  9. Has known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis.
  10. Has a history of HIV.
  11. Has known active Hepatitis B or hepatitis C. If eradicated, patient is eligible.
  12. Has received a live vaccine within 28 days of planned start of study therapy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04572100


Contacts
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Contact: Ari Rosenberg, MD 773-834-3398 arirosenberg@medicine.bsd.uchicago.edu

Locations
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United States, Illinois
University of Chicago Medical Center Recruiting
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
Contact: Ari Rosenberg, MD    773-834-3398    arirosenberg@medicine.bsd.uchicago.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Chicago
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ari Rosenberg University of Chicago
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Responsible Party: University of Chicago
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04572100    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB20-0713
First Posted: October 1, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 28, 2020
Last Verified: October 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University of Chicago:
Oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma
head and neck cancer
HPV
human papillomavirus
OPSCC
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Oropharyngeal Neoplasms
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Pharyngeal Neoplasms
Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Pharyngeal Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Paclitaxel
Carboplatin
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action