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Blinatumomab Bridging Therapy

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04556084
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 21, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 1, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Amgen
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Michael Burke, Medical College of Wisconsin

Brief Summary:
The investigator is testing the ability of a biologically active therapy in blinatumomab, an anti-CD19/CD3 bispecific T-cell engager, to further reduce residual leukemia immediately prior to HCT to improve post-HCT outcomes.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
B-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Refractory B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Relapsed B-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Drug: Blinatumomab Phase 2

Detailed Description:
The investigator is testing the ability of a biologically active therapy in blinatumomab, an anti-CD19/CD3 bispecific T-cell engager, to further reduce residual leukemia immediately prior to HCT to improve post-HCT outcomes. This Phase 2 study will determine the effectiveness of delivering 1 to 2 cycles of blinatumomab (Days 1-28) as bridging therapy in children, adolescent and young adults with relapse or persistent MRD B-ALL. Eligible subjects will receive 1 or 2, 28-day cycles of blinatumomab prior to proceeding to HCT. Centralized MRD assessment will be performed after completion of the 28-days of blinatumomab using both flow cytometry (University of Washington, Brent Wood, MD) and High-Throughput Deep Sequencing (HTS) MRD technologies (Adaptive Technologies, Seattle, WA). Subjects who achieve flow cytometry negative MRD (<0.01%) after a single cycle of blinatumomab can proceed directly to HCT whereas subjects who remain MRD positive by flow cytometry may receive a 2nd cycle of blinatumomab. Subjects who remain MRD positive by flow cytometry after a 2nd cycle of blinatumomab will come off study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 35 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Blinatumomab Bridging Therapy in High-Risk B-Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Phase 2 Study
Actual Study Start Date : January 1, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Blinatumomab
Up to 2 cycles of continuous infusion blinatumomab will be given based on the end of Cycle 1 disease response. Cycle 2 of blinatumomab can be given to subjects who have achieved remission (< 5% marrow blasts) after Cycle 1 but have persistent disease identified by multi-parameter flow cytometry (minimal residual disease (MRD) positive ≥ 0.01%) after Cycle 1.
Drug: Blinatumomab

Blinatumomab will be given as a 28-day continuous infusion with 14-days in between Cycle 1 and Cycle 2 as per the package insert and FDA approved labeling.

Patient weight greater than or equal to 45kg will receive 28 mcg/day

Patient weight less than 45kg will receive 15 mcg/m2/day





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Subjects in CR [ Time Frame: 42 Months ]
    The primary efficacy variable is the percent of subjects that remain in Complete Remission (CR) after completion of 1 or 2 cycles of blinatumomab.

  2. Percentage of Subjects FC-MRD Negative [ Time Frame: 42 Months ]
    The primary efficacy variable is the percent of subjects that become Flow Cytometry-MRD negative (FC-MRD negative) < 0.01% after completion of 1 or 2 cycles of blinatumomab.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Subjects that HTS-MRD Negative [ Time Frame: 42 Months ]
    The percent of subjects that achieve MRD negative by molecular High-Throughput Deep Sequencing (HTS-MRD negative) (MRD undetectable) after completion of 1 to 2 cycles of Blinatumomab.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 25 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of B-ALL in hematologic complete remission (defined as an M1 marrow, < 5% blasts) with MRD in the bone marrow (≥ 0.01%) by multi-parameter flow cytometry and that meets one of the following:

    • Patients in first relapse or greater;

OR

• Patients with very-high risk biology ALL that is proceeding to HCT in first remission (e.g. Induction failure, Severe-hypodiploidy, Ph-like ALL);

OR

• Patients who have persistent MRD after Consolidation therapy (End of Consolidation (EOC) MRD positive ≥ 0.01%);

AND with the intent of going on to an allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) independent of this study

  • Patients must have an available donor and have intention of proceeding directly to HCT after completion of 1 to 2 cycles of Bridging therapy with blinatumomab.
  • Age ≤ 25 years at time of study enrollment
  • Karnofsky Performance Status ≥ 50% for patients 16 years and older and Lansky Play Score ≥ 50 for patients under 16 years of age (see Appendix 1)
  • Have acceptable organ function as defined within 7 days of study registration:

Renal: creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73m2 or serum creatinine based on age/gender

Hepatic: ALT < 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) and total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age

Cardiac: left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 40% by ECHO/MUGA

  • At least 7 days must have elapsed from prior chemotherapy.
  • Patients who have experienced their relapse after HCT are eligible, provided they have no evidence of acute or chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease (GVHD) and are off all transplant immune suppression therapy for at least 7-days (e.g. steroids, cyclosporine, tacrolimus). Steroid therapy for non-GVHD and/or non-leukemia therapy is acceptable.
  • Biologic (anti-neoplastic agent): At least 7 days after the last dose of a biologic agent. For agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur. The duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair.
  • Monoclonal antibodies: At least 3 half-lives of the antibody must have elapsed after the last dose of monoclonal antibody (i.e. Inotuzumab = 12 days).
  • Immunotherapy: At least 42 days after the completion of any type of immunotherapy (e.g. tumor vaccines or CAR T-cell therapy).
  • XRT: Cranio or craniospinal XRT is prohibited during protocol therapy. ≥ 90 days must have elapsed if prior TBI, cranio or craniospinal XRT
  • Sexually active females of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (diaphragm, birth control pills, injections, intrauterine device [IUD], surgical sterilization, subcutaneous implants, or abstinence, etc.) for the duration of treatment and for 2 months after the last dose of chemotherapy. Sexually active men must agree to use barrier contraceptive for the duration of treatment and for 2 months after the last dose of chemotherapy.
  • Voluntary written consent before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of CNS3 disease and/or active central nervous system (CNS) disease (≥ CNS2)
  • Receiving concomitant chemotherapy, radiation therapy; immunotherapy or other anti-cancer therapy other than is specified in the protocol.
  • Systemic fungal, bacterial, viral, or other infection not controlled (defined as exhibiting ongoing signs/symptoms related to the infection and without improvement, despite appropriate antibiotics or other treatment)
  • Pregnant or lactating. The agents used in this study are known to be teratogenic to a fetus and there is no information on the excretion of agents into breast milk. All females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 7-days prior to the start of blinatumomab to rule out pregnancy.
  • Known allergy to blinatumomab
  • Participating in a concomitant Phase 1 or 2 study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04556084


Contacts
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Contact: Amberley Kemic, RN 414-266-2038 akemic@chw.org

Locations
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United States, Wisconsin
Medical College of Wisconsin Recruiting
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, 53226
Contact: Michael Burke, MD    414-955-4170    mmburke@mcw.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Michael Burke
Amgen
Investigators
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Study Chair: Michael Burke, MD Medical College of Wisconsin
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Responsible Party: Michael Burke, Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Hematology/Oncology/BMT, Medical College of Wisconsin
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04556084    
Other Study ID Numbers: Blina Part 1
First Posted: September 21, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 1, 2021
Last Verified: January 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Blinatumomab
Antineoplastic Agents