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A Vaccine (MV-s-NAP) for the Treatment of Patients With Invasive Metastatic Breast Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04521764
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 21, 2020
Last Update Posted : September 10, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mayo Clinic

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial investigates the side effects and best dose of using a modified measles virus, MV-s-NAP, in treating patients with invasive breast cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Both the unmodified vaccination measles virus (MV-Edm) and this modified virus (MV-s-NAP) have been shown to multiply in and destroy breast cancer cells in the test tube and in research mice. MV-s-NAP has been altered by having an extra gene (piece of deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA]) so that virus can make a protein called helicobacter pylori neutrophil activating protein (NAP) which is normally expressed in inflammatory reactions. Monitoring blood, urine, tissue, and throat swab samples, and using imaging tests may help to determine whether MV-s-NAP has any impact on the amount of disease present in metastatic breast cancer patients.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anatomic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Invasive Breast Carcinoma Metastatic Breast Adenocarcinoma Prognostic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Recurrent Breast Carcinoma Biological: Oncolytic Measles Virus Encoding Helicobacter pylori Neutrophil-activating Protein Phase 1

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the maximally tolerated dose (MTD) of intratumoral administration of an Edmonston strain measles virus genetically engineered to express NAP (oncolytic measles virus encoding helicobacter pylori neutrophil-activating protein (modified virus strain neutrophil activating protein [MV-s- NAP) in patients with metastatic breast cancer.

II. To determine the safety and toxicity of one-time intratumoral administration of MV-s-NAP in patients with metastatic breast cancer.

III. To determine the safety and toxicity of serial intratumoral administration of MV-s-NAP in patients with metastatic breast cancer.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess in a preliminary fashion antitumor efficacy of this approach by following radiographic response and time to progression.

Ia. Response at and away from the site of MV-s-NAP administration will be evaluated.

CORRELATIVE OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess viremia, viral replication, and measles virus shedding/persistence following intratumoral administration.

II. To determine the time course of viral infection and viral gene expression in treated/untreated lesions.

III. To determine immune response development against MV, the therapeutic s-NAP transgene, and the tumor.

IV. To obtain preliminary assessments of PD-L1 expression in tumor cells and tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs).

OUTLINE:

Patients receive MV-s-NAP intratumorally (IT) on day 1 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After 1 cycle of treatment, patients who experience disease progression proceed to follow-up. Patients who achieve complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable disease (SD) receive MV-s-NAP IT every 21 days for up to 3 additional cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months during year 1, and then every 6 months during year 2.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 33 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Trial of Intratumoral Administration of a Measles Virus Derivative Expressing the Helicobacter Pylori Neutrophil-Activating Protein (NAP) (MV-s-NAP) in Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : September 23, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 10, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 10, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (MV-s-NAP)
Patients receive MV-s-NAP intratumorally (IT) on day 1 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After 1 cycle of treatment, patients who experience disease progression proceed to follow-up. Patients who achieve CR, PR, or SD receive MV-s-NAP IT every 21 days for up to 3 additional cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: Oncolytic Measles Virus Encoding Helicobacter pylori Neutrophil-activating Protein
Given IT
Other Names:
  • MV Encoding NAP
  • MV-s-NAP
  • Oncolytic Measles Virus Encoding H. pylori NAP




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose [ Time Frame: During the first cycle of treatment (each cycle = 21 days) ]
    This is defined as the highest dose level among those under consideration where at most one of 6 patients develops a dose limiting toxicity, and two or more of the 3-6 patients treated at the next higher dose level develop a dose limiting toxicity.

  2. Best tumor response [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    The best tumor response in the injected and non-injected lesion will be determined using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria. Results will be tabulated for the entire cohort and by breast cancer subtype in terms of whether there was response in none of the lesions, only the injected lesion, or both lesions.

  3. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    The maximum grade of each type of toxicity will be recorded for each patient. For each toxicity reported by dose level, the percentage of patients developing any degree of that toxicity, as well as the percentage of patients developing a severe (grade 3 or higher) toxicity, will be determined.

  4. Measles virus viremia [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Defined as detection of any titer of virus by quantitative real time-polymerase chain reaction performed with patient peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Viremia will be examined in terms of the day and dose level it was detected, as well as the time to recovery.

  5. Peripheral immune response [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Peripheral immune response specific to measles virus is defined as detection of serum IgG anti-measles antibody levels of > 20.0 EU/mL by the Enzyme Immunoassay. Peripheral anti-neutrophil activating protein (NAP) transgene response will be represented by antibody titers determined by an antigen-mediated enzyme linked immunosorbent assay against purified helicobacter pylori NAP antigen. Systemic induction of HMGB1 will also be determined. All of these factors will be examined in terms of the day and dose level they were detected, as well as the time to recovery. For each dose level, the point at which viral replication and measles virus shedding is no longer seen will be tabulated.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tumor response [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    The best tumor response in the injected and non-injected lesion will be determined using RECIST criteria. Results will be tabulated by dose level and whether there was a response in none of the lesions, only the injected lesion, or both lesions.

  2. Progression-free survival time [ Time Frame: From study entry to the documentation of disease progression, assessed up to 2 years ]
  3. Overall survival time [ Time Frame: From study entry to death due to any cause, assessed up to 2 years ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathologically confirmed invasive breast adenocarcinoma with documented estrogen receptor (ER)/progesterone receptor (PR)/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status and radiographic evidence of distant metastatic disease.
  • Radiographic evidence of distant metastatic disease (using 7th edition American Joint Committee on Cancer [AJCC] criteria) with two discrete sites of measurable disease
  • No available standard therapy that is considered curative.

    • NOTE: Patients with ER/PR positive, HER2 negative breast cancer must have progressed through at least one prior cytotoxic regimen for advanced disease and no longer be candidates for standard endocrine therapy (including combination therapy that includes palbociclib or everolimus). Patients with HER2 positive breast cancer irrespective of ER/PR status must have received or no longer be candidates for standard HER2 directed therapy (i.e., trastuzumab, pertuzumab, trastuzumab, emtansine, and lapatinib). Patients with ER/PR/HER2 negative breast cancer must have progressed through at least one prior cytotoxic regimen for advanced disease
  • At least one site of recurrent/metastatic disease that measures > 1 cm in greatest dimension (> 2 cm for lung lesions) and is amenable to safe percutaneous intratumoral administration of MV-s-NAP as determined by an interventional radiologist.

    • NOTE: In Phase I of the trial (single injection), only one lesion will be injected. In Phase II of the trial (3, every 3 weeks [Q3weekly] injections), the same lesion will be injected unless the interventional radiologist determines that lesion is not amenable to reinjection, in which case another lesion (if present and measuring > 1 cm in greatest dimension [> 2 cm for lung lesions]) will be injected
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/uL (=< 7 days prior to registration)
  • Platelets (PLT >= 100,000/uL) (=< 7 days prior to registration)
  • Total bilirubin =< institutional upper limit of normal (=< 7 days prior to registration)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (=< 7 days prior to registration)
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN (=< 7 days prior to registration)
  • Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL (=< 7 days prior to registration)
  • Negative pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration (for women of childbearing potential only)
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1 or 2
  • Ability to provide informed written consent
  • Willingness to return to the Mayo Clinic enrolling institution for follow-up
  • Willingness to provide biologic samples for correlative research purposes
  • Life expectancy >= 12 weeks
  • Concomitant administration of a bone modifying agent (e.g., zoledronic acid or denosumab) for the prevention or management of skeletal related events in patients with bone metastases and documentation of tolerability with prior exposures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known standard therapy for the patient's disease that is potentially curative or definitely capable of extending life expectancy
  • Clinical or radiographic suspicion of impending visceral crisis due to invasion or compression by tumor
  • Active infection =< 5 days prior to registration
  • History of tuberculosis or history of tuberculin skin test positivity
  • History of other malignancy =< 5 years except for non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • Any of the following prior therapies:

    • Chemotherapy =< 3 weeks prior to registration
    • Immunotherapy =< 4 weeks prior to registration
    • HER2 directed therapy =< 3 weeks prior to registration
    • Targeted therapy =< 2 weeks prior to registration (e.g., CDK4/6 inhibitors, everolimus)
    • Investigational agent =< 4 weeks prior to registration
    • Any viral or gene therapy prior to registration
  • Failure to fully recover from acute, reversible effects of prior systemic therapy regardless of interval since last treatment
  • New York Heart Association classification III or IV, known symptomatic coronary artery disease, or symptoms of coronary artery disease on systems review, or known cardiac arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation or supraventricular tachycardia [SVT])
  • Untreated or progressive central nervous system (CNS) metastases

    • NOTE: Patients with a history of treated brain metastases (surgical resection, whole brain radiation, and/or stereotactic radiosurgery) are eligible only if they are asymptomatic and have stable MRI scans for 3 consecutive months, including < 28 days of study entry
  • Standing requirement for blood product support
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive test result or history of other immunodeficiency
  • History of organ transplantation
  • History of chronic hepatitis B or C
  • Other concurrent chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiotherapy, or any ancillary therapy considered investigational (utilized for a non-Food and Drug Administration [FDA]-approved indication and in the context of a research investigation)
  • Any concurrent medications that the principal investigator determines could interfere with the trial
  • Treatment with oral/systemic corticosteroids, with the exception of topical or inhaled steroids
  • Exposure to household contacts =< 15 months old or household contact with known immunodeficiency
  • Allergy to measles vaccine or history of severe reaction to prior measles vaccination
  • History of receiving the measles vaccination with the "killed vaccine" between 1963-1967 without subsequent re-immunization (2 doses) with the active, live vaccination."

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04521764


Locations
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United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic in Rochester Recruiting
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Contact: Clinical Trials Referral Office    855-776-0015    mayocliniccancerstudies@mayo.edu   
Principal Investigator: Minetta C. Liu         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Minetta C Liu Mayo Clinic in Rochester
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Mayo Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04521764    
Other Study ID Numbers: MC1733
NCI-2020-06009 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
MC1733 ( Other Identifier: Mayo Clinic in Rochester )
P30CA015083 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 21, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 10, 2022
Last Verified: September 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases