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Testing the Addition of an Anti-cancer Drug, BAY 1895344, to Usual Chemotherapy for Advanced Stage Solid Tumors, With a Specific Focus on Patients With Small Cell Lung Cancer, Poorly Differentiated Neuroendocrine Cancer, and Pancreatic Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04514497
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 17, 2020
Last Update Posted : July 28, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial investigates the side effects and best dose of BAY 1895344 when given together with usual chemotherapy (irinotecan or topotecan) in treating patients with solid tumors that have spread to other places in the body (advanced), with a specific focus on small cell lung cancer, poorly differentiated neuroendocrine cancer, and pancreatic cancer. BAY 1895344 may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Chemotherapy drugs, such as irinotecan and topotecan, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Adding BAY 1895344 to irinotecan or topotecan may help to slow the growth of tumors for longer than seen with those drugs alone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Lung Small Cell Carcinoma Metastatic Malignant Solid Neoplasm Metastatic Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Stage III Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage III Pancreatic Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIA Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIB Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIC Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IV Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVA Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVB Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Unresectable Lung Small Cell Carcinoma Unresectable Malignant Solid Neoplasm Unresectable Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Unresectable Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Drug: Elimusertib Drug: Irinotecan Hydrochloride Drug: Topotecan Hydrochloride Phase 1

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess safety and tolerability of each of the elimusertib (BAY 1895344) plus topoisomerase 1 (top1) inhibitor (irinotecan hydrochloride [irinotecan] or topotecan hydrochloride [topotecan]) combinations.

II. To estimate maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of each of the combinations.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To observe and record anti-tumor activity. II. To estimate objective response rate (ORR), progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and duration of response (DOR) in patients treated with each combination.

III. To estimate plasma pharmacokinetic (PK) characteristics of BAY 1895344 plus each top1 inhibitor (irinotecan or topotecan) when used in combination.

IV. To estimate changes in pharmacodynamic (PD) markers of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage (gamma-H2AX, phosphorylated [p]S343-NBS1) elicited by each combination from on-treatment tumor biopsies (in dose expansion cohorts only).

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate response outcomes (ORR, PFS, OS, DOR) in study patients by tumor ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) expression loss (assessed by immunohistochemistry [IHC]).

II. To estimate response outcomes (ORR, PFS, OS, DOR) in study patients with tumor DNA damage response (DDR) mutations (assessed by whole exome sequencing [WES], ribonucleic acid [RNA] sequencing [RNA Seq], and circulating tumor DNA [ctDNA] analysis).

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 cohorts.

COHORT I: Patients receive elimusertib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1 and 2 and irinotecan intravenously (IV) over 90 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

COHORT II: Patients receive topotecan IV over 30 minutes on days 1-5 and elimusertib PO BID on days 2 and 5. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 2 months for up to 6 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 87 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: BAY 1895344 Plus Topoisomerase-1 (Top1) Inhibitors in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors, Phase I Studies With Expansion Cohorts in Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (SCLC), Poorly Differentiated Neuroendocrine Carcinoma (PD-NEC) and Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma (PDA)
Actual Study Start Date : February 11, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 15, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 15, 2023


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort I (elimusertib, irinotecan)
Patients receive elimusertib PO BID on days 1 and 2 and irinotecan IV over 90 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Elimusertib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • ATR Inhibitor BAY1895344
  • ATR Kinase Inhibitor BAY1895344
  • BAY 1895344
  • BAY-1895344
  • BAY1895344

Drug: Irinotecan Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Campto
  • Camptosar
  • Camptothecin 11
  • Camptothecin-11
  • CPT 11
  • CPT-11
  • Irinomedac
  • Irinotecan Hydrochloride Trihydrate
  • Irinotecan Monohydrochloride Trihydrate
  • U-101440E

Experimental: Cohort II (elimusertib, topotecan)
Patients receive topotecan IV over 30 minutes on days 1-5 and elimusertib PO BID on days 2 and 5. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Elimusertib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • ATR Inhibitor BAY1895344
  • ATR Kinase Inhibitor BAY1895344
  • BAY 1895344
  • BAY-1895344
  • BAY1895344

Drug: Topotecan Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Hycamptamine
  • Hycamtin
  • SKF S-104864-A
  • Topotecan HCl
  • topotecan hydrochloride (oral)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) (Dose Escalation Phase) [ Time Frame: Up to 21 days ]
    Defined by occurrence of >= 2 dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) defined as grade 4 neutropenia lasting >= 7 days, grade 4 thrombocytopenia, grade 4 anemia, grade 3 neutropenia with fever, grade 3 thrombocytopenia with bleeding, any grade 3 hematologic toxicity lasting >= 7 days (counting from first day of toxicity grade recognition) or any non-hematologic grade >= 2 adverse events (AEs) lasting >= 7 days (with the exception of grade 2 [G2] fatigue, G2 nausea or G2 diarrhea) (counting from first day of toxicity grade recognition) in any dose level during cycle 1 (C1) of treatment. DLTs will be graded by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version (v)5.0.

  2. Occurrence of grade 4 hematologic AEs (Dose Expansion Phase) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months post-treatment ]
    Grade 4 hematologic toxicity will be monitored using the Bayesian approach of Thall, Simon, Estey as extended by Thall and Sung. Clinical safety data (e.g. AEs) will be tabulated and summarized using descriptive statistics as requested by the sponsor investigator, executive committee, medical monitor or Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) using methods described in the Data Safety Monitoring Plan (DSMP).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 weeks ]
    Will be estimated by measuring the number of patients who achieve complete response or partial response by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria on 12-week restaging computed tomography (CT) scans from the total number of patients who received the study treatment.

  2. Duration of response (DOR) [ Time Frame: From when a patient achieves disease control (complete response, partial response, stable disease) on a restaging scan to the time of radiographic progression, assessed up to 6 months post-treatment ]
    DOR will be estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method.

  3. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From when a patient starts treatment to when they demonstrate radiographic progression or succumb to the disease, assessed up to 6 months post-treatment ]
    PFS will be estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method.

  4. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From when a patient starts treatment to the date they succumb to the disease, assessed up to 6 months post-treatment ]
    OS will be estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method.

  5. Maximum concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, days 1, 2, 3, and 4 ]
    Will be estimated for each study drug based upon plasma collections from cycle 1 in all study patients.

  6. Area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, days 1, 2, 3, and 4 ]
    Will be estimated for each study drug based upon plasma collections from cycle 1 in all study patients.

  7. Changes in tumor expression patterns of gamma-H2AX [ Time Frame: Baseline up to cycle 1, day 6 ]
    Will be estimated for expansion cohort only study patients.

  8. Changes in tumor expression patterns of pS343-NBS1 [ Time Frame: Baseline up to cycle 1, day 6 ]
    Will be estimated for expansion cohort only study patients.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Tumor ATM expression loss [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Will assess the prevalence of tumor ATM expression loss in all patients. Will also estimate response outcomes (ORR, PFS, OS, DOR) in study patients by tumor ATM expression loss.

  2. Tumor deoxyribonucleic acid damage response (DDR) gene mutations present [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Will assess the specific tumor DDR gene mutations present in study patients. Will also estimate response outcomes (ORR, PFS, OS, DOR) in study patients with tumors with DDR gene mutations.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • DOSE ESCALATION COHORTS: Patients must have a biopsy-proven solid tumor that is metastatic or unresectable and has progressed on at least one line of standard therapy
  • DOSE ESCALATION COHORTS: Patients must have a solid tumor for which irinotecan or topotecan is considered standard of care
  • DOSE EXPANSION COHORTS: Patients must have biopsy proven metastatic or unresectable small cell lung cancer (SCLC), poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (PD-NEC) (any extrapulmonary neuroendocrine carcinoma with small cell or large cell histology) or pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDA) and have progressed on at least one line of standard therapy
  • DOSE EXPANSION COHORTS: Patients must have at least one measurable lesion outside of the lesion to be biopsied
  • Patients must be able to swallow pills
  • Age >= 18 years. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of BAY 1895344 in combination with irinotecan or topotecan in patients < 18 years of age, children are excluded from this study
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
  • Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin =< 2 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 3 x institutional ULN
  • Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial
  • For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated
  • Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load
  • Patients with treated brain metastases are eligible if follow-up brain imaging after central nervous system (CNS)-directed therapy shows no evidence of progression. Furthermore, these patients must be asymptomatic from previously treated brain metastases (e.g. not on steroids for neurologic symptoms within 30 days of study enrollment)
  • Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial
  • Patients with known history or current symptoms of cardiac disease, or history of treatment with cardiotoxic agents, should have a clinical risk assessment of cardiac function using the New York Heart Association Functional Classification. To be eligible for this trial, patients should be class 2B or better
  • The effects of BAY 1895344 on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason and because DNA-damage response inhibitors as well as other therapeutic agents used in this trial are known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation and for 6 months after completion of BAY 1895344 administration. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 6 months after completion of BAY 1895344 administration
  • Patient must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document. Participants with impaired decision-making capacity (IDMC) who have a legally-authorized representative (LAR) and/or family member available will also be eligible

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study
  • Patients who have not recovered from adverse events due to prior anti-cancer therapy (i.e., have residual toxicities > grade 1) with the exception of alopecia
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
  • The investigator(s) must state a medical or scientific reason if patients who have brain metastases will be excluded from the study
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to BAY 1895344 or other agents used in study
  • Patients receiving any medications or substances that are substrates of CYP3A4 with a narrow therapeutic window, or strong inhibitors/inducers of CYP3A4 are ineligible, if they cannot be transferred to alternative medication. Because the lists of these agents are constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult a frequently-updated medical reference. As part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the patient will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the patient is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product
  • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness
  • Patients with psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because BAY 1895344 is agent with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with BAY 1895344, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with BAY 1895344. These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study
  • Patients with an uncontrolled infection requiring IV antibiotics will not be eligible to participate in the study
  • Patients who have previously been treated with any of the study compounds will not be eligible to participate in the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04514497


Locations
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United States, Arizona
Mayo Clinic Hospital in Arizona Recruiting
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85054
Contact: Site Public Contact    855-776-0015      
Principal Investigator: Thorvardur R. Halfdanarson         
United States, Connecticut
Yale University Recruiting
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06520
Contact: Site Public Contact    203-785-5702    canceranswers@yale.edu   
Principal Investigator: Michael Cecchini         
United States, Florida
Mayo Clinic in Florida Recruiting
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32224-9980
Contact: Site Public Contact    855-776-0015      
Principal Investigator: Thorvardur R. Halfdanarson         
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic in Rochester Recruiting
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Contact: Site Public Contact    855-776-0015      
Principal Investigator: Thorvardur R. Halfdanarson         
United States, Missouri
Siteman Cancer Center at West County Hospital Not yet recruiting
Creve Coeur, Missouri, United States, 63141
Contact: Site Public Contact    800-600-3606    info@siteman.wustl.edu   
Principal Investigator: Nikolaos Trikalinos         
Washington University School of Medicine Not yet recruiting
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Contact: Site Public Contact    800-600-3606    info@siteman.wustl.edu   
Principal Investigator: Nikolaos Trikalinos         
Siteman Cancer Center-South County Not yet recruiting
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63129
Contact: Site Public Contact    800-600-3606    info@siteman.wustl.edu   
Principal Investigator: Nikolaos Trikalinos         
Siteman Cancer Center at Christian Hospital Not yet recruiting
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63136
Contact: Site Public Contact    800-600-3606    info@siteman.wustl.edu   
Principal Investigator: Nikolaos Trikalinos         
Siteman Cancer Center at Saint Peters Hospital Not yet recruiting
Saint Peters, Missouri, United States, 63376
Contact: Site Public Contact    800-600-3606    info@siteman.wustl.edu   
Principal Investigator: Nikolaos Trikalinos         
United States, Oklahoma
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center Recruiting
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73104
Contact: Site Public Contact    405-271-8777    ou-clinical-trials@ouhsc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Raid Aljumaily         
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI) Recruiting
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
Contact: Site Public Contact    412-647-8073      
Principal Investigator: Liza C. Villaruz         
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University/Ingram Cancer Center Recruiting
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Contact: Site Public Contact    800-811-8480      
Principal Investigator: Satya Das         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Satya Das Yale University Cancer Center LAO
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04514497    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2020-05958
NCI-2020-05958 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
10402 ( Other Identifier: Yale University Cancer Center LAO )
10402 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
UM1CA186689 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 17, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 28, 2022
Last Verified: June 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: NCI is committed to sharing data in accordance with NIH policy. For more details on how clinical trial data is shared, access the link to the NIH data sharing policy page.
URL: https://grants.nih.gov/policy/sharing.htm

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Lung Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine
Carcinoma, Small Cell
Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Digestive System Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Irinotecan
Topotecan
Camptothecin
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors