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Estimate Serum Oxytocin PD Range in the Periphery

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04431193
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 16, 2020
Last Update Posted : June 16, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wake Forest University Health Sciences

Brief Summary:

The main purpose of this study is to define the maximum effect oxytocin (naturally occurring hormone that is made in the brain) has on pain from a 5 minute heat probe applied to the skin and to get an estimate for the relationship between the amount of pain relief at different amounts of oxytocin in the blood.

This is a study of participants that will receive an intravenous (IV) infusion of oxytocin (naturally occurring hormone that is made in the brain) with blood samples taken thereafter in order to create a formula to describe the concentrations of oxytocin in the blood over time (pharmacokinetics).

In this study healthy volunteers and people with knee arthritis so severe that there is a need for a joint replacement are recruited for a one day study. Each study participant will have 2 IV catheters placed (one in each arm). After placement of the IV catheters, 4 different levels of oxytocin will be given by IV infusion. Blood samples will be taken before the infusion begins and after each different level of the infusion. The blood will be drawn through the second IV catheter.

The study team will also do some tests to get a rough idea of how oxytocin changes perceptions on the skin and how this relates to the amount of oxytocin in the blood at the same time. The study team will study a painful perception by placing a probe on the skin and heating it to 113 degrees Fahrenheit for 5 minutes. Each study participant will score any pain that is experienced on a 0 to 10 scale.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteoarthritis, Knee Drug: Oxytocin Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is an unblinded, sequential study in which all participants will receive intravenous (IV) infusions of oxytocin in the same manner (except for safety reasons an adjustment at the highest level after review of the first 7 study participants as indicated in safety plan). In this study healthy people and with those with knee arthritis so severe that a joint replacement is needed are recruited for a one day study. Study participants will come to the Clinical Research Unit (CRU) and two IVs inserted; one in each forearm. Study participants will have an intravenous infusion of oxytocin at infusion rates that will result in a steady concentration of oxytocin in the blood for 15 minutes. The infusion rate will be increased every 15 minutes for a total of 4 targeted levels. Blood (5 millilitres (ml)) will be withdrawn through the IV not being used for infusion at the end of each of these infusion levels and the amount of oxytocin measured in the blood samples. This information will be analyzed by another group at Stanford University in the Pharmacokinetics/Pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) Core part of this application. The core group at Stanford University will use mathematics to test the accuracy of the infusion to target the blood concentration.

The main purpose of this study is to define the maximum effect oxytocin has on pain from a 5 minute heat probe applied to the skin and to get an estimate for the relationship between the amounts of pain relief at different amounts of oxytocin in the blood. The study team will use a commercially available device (Medoc TSA II) to heat a probe on the skin to 113 degrees Fahrenheit (45 degrees Celsius) for 5 minutes. Study participants will score any pain noted on a 0 to 10 scale, and most people find that pain rises during the 5 minutes, but remains mild, usually around only 1 or 2 on the 0 to 10 scale. The study team will do this 5 times during the study, once before the infusion and once during each of the 4 levels of infusion. From this the study team will calculate how the amount of oxytocin in the blood affects pain.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Oxytocin infused to maintain serum concentrations of 4, 16, 64, and 256 picogram/millilitre
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Estimate Serum Oxytocin Pharmacodynamic Range in the Periphery
Estimated Study Start Date : July 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Oxytocin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Oxytocin 4 picogram/millilitre
Oxytocin infused to maintain serum concentration of 4 picogram/millilitre
Drug: Oxytocin
Oxytocin infused to maintain serum concentrations of 4, 16, 64, and 256 picogram/millilitre
Other Name: Pitocin

Experimental: Oxytocin 16 picogram/millilitre
Oxytocin infused to maintain serum concentration of 16 picogram/millilitre
Drug: Oxytocin
Oxytocin infused to maintain serum concentrations of 4, 16, 64, and 256 picogram/millilitre
Other Name: Pitocin

Experimental: Oxytocin 64 picogram/millilitre
Oxytocin infused to maintain serum concentration of 64 picogram/millilitre
Drug: Oxytocin
Oxytocin infused to maintain serum concentrations of 4, 16, 64, and 256 picogram/millilitre
Other Name: Pitocin

Experimental: Oxytocin 256 picogram/millilitre
Oxytocin infused to maintain serum concentration of 256 picogram/millilitre
Drug: Oxytocin
Oxytocin infused to maintain serum concentrations of 4, 16, 64, and 256 picogram/millilitre
Other Name: Pitocin




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacodynamics of heat pain after oxytocin [ Time Frame: Baseline before any infusion 0 minutes ]
    Pain will be measured using a verbal Pain Scale 0-10. 0 is equivalent to NO PAIN and 10 is equivalent to WORST PAIN IMAGINABLE.

  2. Pharmacodynamics of heat pain oxytocin 16 pg/ml [ Time Frame: Before Oxytocin infusion 15 minutes after baseline ]
    Pain will be measured using a verbal Pain Scale 0-10. 0 is equivalent to NO PAIN and 10 is equivalent to WORST PAIN IMAGINABLE.

  3. Pharmacodynamics of heat pain oxytocin 64 pg/ml [ Time Frame: Before Oxytocin infusion 30 minutes after baseline ]
    Pain will be measured using a verbal Pain Scale 0-10. 0 is equivalent to NO PAIN and 10 is equivalent to WORST PAIN IMAGINABLE.

  4. Pharmacodynamics of heat pain oxytocin 256 pg/ml [ Time Frame: Before Oxytocin infusion 45 minutes after baseline ]
    Pain will be measured using a verbal Pain Scale 0-10. 0 is equivalent to NO PAIN and 10 is equivalent to WORST PAIN IMAGINABLE.

  5. Pharmacodynamics of heat pain oxytocin 4pg/ml [ Time Frame: After Oxytocin infusion 14 minutes after baseline ]
    Pain will be measured using a verbal Pain Scale 0-10. 0 is equivalent to NO PAIN and 10 is equivalent to WORST PAIN IMAGINABLE.

  6. Pharmacodynamics of heat pain oxytocin 16 pg/ml [ Time Frame: After Oxytocin infusion 29 minutes after baseline ]
    Pain will be measured using a verbal Pain Scale 0-10. 0 is equivalent to NO PAIN and 10 is equivalent to WORST PAIN IMAGINABLE.

  7. Pharmacodynamics of heat pain oxytocin 64pg/ml [ Time Frame: After Oxytocin infusion 44 minutes after baseline ]
    Pain will be measured using a verbal Pain Scale 0-10. 0 is equivalent to NO PAIN and 10 is equivalent to WORST PAIN IMAGINABLE.

  8. Pharmacodynamics of heat pain oxytocin 256 pg/ml [ Time Frame: After Oxytocin infusion 59 minutes after baseline ]
    Pain will be measured using a verbal Pain Scale 0-10. 0 is equivalent to NO PAIN and 10 is equivalent to WORST PAIN IMAGINABLE.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacokinetics of oxytocin in serum 4pg/ml [ Time Frame: After Oxytocin infusion 15 minutes after baseline ]
    Blood will be sampled at the end of each infusion targeted to a set blood concentration of oxytocin. Serum will be separated, rapidly frozen, and later analyzed for oxytocin concentration. The accuracy of the pharmacokinetics will be assessed by difference between targeted and observed oxytocin concentrations.

  2. Pharmacokinetics of oxytocin in serum 16 pg/ml [ Time Frame: After Oxytocin infusion 30 minutes after baseline ]
    Blood will be sampled at the end of each infusion targeted to a set blood concentration of oxytocin. Serum will be separated, rapidly frozen, and later analyzed for oxytocin concentration. The accuracy of the pharmacokinetics will be assessed by difference between targeted and observed oxytocin concentrations.

  3. Pharmacokinetics of oxytocin in serum 64pg/ml [ Time Frame: After Oxytocin infusion 45 minutes after baseline ]
    Blood will be sampled at the end of each infusion targeted to a set blood concentration of oxytocin. Serum will be separated, rapidly frozen, and later analyzed for oxytocin concentration. The accuracy of the pharmacokinetics will be assessed by difference between targeted and observed oxytocin concentrations.

  4. Pharmacokinetics of oxytocin in serum 256pg/ml [ Time Frame: After Oxytocin infusion 60 minutes after baseline ]
    Blood will be sampled at the end of each infusion targeted to a set blood concentration of oxytocin. Serum will be separated, rapidly frozen, and later analyzed for oxytocin concentration. The accuracy of the pharmacokinetics will be assessed by difference between targeted and observed oxytocin concentrations.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female > 18 and < 75 years of age, Body Mass Index (BMI) <40.
  2. Generally in good health as determined by the Principal Investigator based on prior medical history, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status 1, 2, or 3.
  3. For healthy volunteers, normal blood pressure (systolic 90-140 mmHg; diastolic 50-90 mmHg) resting heart rate 45-100 beats per minute) without medication. For knee arthritis subjects, normal blood pressure or, for those with hypertension, pressure controlled with anti-hypertensives and with a resting heart rate 45-100 beats per minute.
  4. Female subjects of child-bearing potential and those < 1 year post-menopausal, must be practicing highly effective methods of birth control such as hormonal methods (e.g., combined oral, implantable, injectable, or transdermal contraceptives), double barrier methods (e.g., condoms, sponge, diaphragm, or vaginal ring plus spermicidal jellies or cream), or total abstinence from heterosexual intercourse for a minimum of 1 full cycle before study drug administration.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Hypersensitivity, allergy, or significant reaction to any ingredient of Pitocin®
  2. Any disease, diagnosis, or condition (medical or surgical) that, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator, would place the subject at increased risk (active gynecologic disease in which increased tone would be detrimental e.g., uterine fibroids with ongoing bleeding), compromise the subject's compliance with study procedures, or compromise the quality of the data
  3. Women who are pregnant (positive result for serum pregnancy test at screening visit), women who are currently nursing or lactating, women that have been pregnant within 2 years
  4. Subjects with neuropathy, chronic pain, diabetes mellitus, or taking benzodiazepines or pain medications on a daily basis.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04431193


Contacts
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Contact: Regina Curry, RN 336-716-4294 RECURRY@WAKEHEALTH.EDU

Locations
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United States, North Carolina
Wake Forest Baptist Health
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157
Contact: Regina Curry, RN    336-716-4294    RECURRY@WAKEHEALTH.EDU   
Principal Investigator: James C Eisenach, M.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: James C Eisenach, MD Wake Forest University Health Sciences
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Responsible Party: Wake Forest University Health Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04431193    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00066130
First Posted: June 16, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 16, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Keywords provided by Wake Forest University Health Sciences:
advanced knee arthritis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Osteoarthritis, Knee
Osteoarthritis
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Oxytocin
Oxytocics
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs