Non-invasive Brain Stimulation in FTD
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04425148|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 11, 2020
Last Update Posted : June 11, 2020
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Frontotemporal Dementia||Device: Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation (tACS) Device: Sham Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation (sham tACS)||Not Applicable|
This is an interventional, multi-site, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of tACS in patients with FTD. The main aim of this study is to investigate the safety, tolerability and efficacy of gamma-tACS in patients with behavioral variant (bv)-FTD, demonstrating tACS potential mechanisms of action, target engagement, and thus informing the design of larger clinical trials.
Participants will be screened at trial sites for determination of eligibility to enter the study on the basis of diagnostic evaluations, according to current diagnostic criteria for probable bv-FTD and safety assessments.
Baseline assessments will consist of behavioral/cognitive evaluations, blood biomarkers, actigraphy, voice biomarkers, EEG and TMS-EEG and tACS with EEG measures, MRI, FDG-PET imaging (5-8 visits). Once participants have met all inclusion and exclusion criteria, they will be randomly assigned to either 6 weeks of daily tACS sessions or 6 weeks of daily Sham tACS sessions.
Post-intervention visits will include FDG-PET scans, MRI, cognitive testing, tACS with EEG, blood biomarkers and TMS-EEG (5-8 visits). A follow-up visit will occur 3 months after the post-invention visit. This visit will include an EEG registration, cognitive testing and behavioral markers.
tACS is a way of stimulating the brain externally using weak electric currents.
- Electrodes are placed into a cap that you wear on your head.
- A weak electrical current travels back and forth through the electrodes to your head.
- FDG-PET is a way of taking pictures of your brain using a special dye that is absorbed into your body. In this study, the dye will help us to see the glucose uptake in your brain. The PET scans for this study will be done at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH).
- TMS is a noninvasive way of stimulating the brain and will be used in this study to measure your brain's plasticity. Brain plasticity is the brain's ability to change and learn through experience. TMS uses a magnetic field to cause changes in the brain activity. The magnetic field is produced by a coil that is held next to your scalp. We will measure how your brain responds to the TMS before and after the tACS treatment.
- EEG is used in routine clinical care to measure the brain's electrical activity. EEG involves placing a cap with electrodes onto your head.
The investigators will enroll a sample of 20 age-matched healthy controls, who will undergo evaluations similar to the bv-FTD baseline assessment except for PET imaging. Healthy subjects will not have the tACS intervention.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||70 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Non-invasive Brain Stimulation for Gamma-induction and Cognitive Enhancement in FTD|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||September 2020|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||September 2023|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 2023|
40 Hz transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), 30 daily (Monday-Friday) 1-hour sessions
Device: Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation (tACS)
tACS is a noninvasive way of stimulating the brain externally using weak electric currents. Electrodes are placed into a cap that you wear on your head. A weak electrical current travels back and forth through the electrodes to your head.
Sham Comparator: Sham tACS
Sham transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), 30 daily (Monday-Friday) 1-hour sessions
Device: Sham Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation (sham tACS)
Sham (placebo) simulation of transcranial alternating current stimulation without receiving any real stimulation.
- Attrition (withdrawal) rate [ Time Frame: up to 6 months ]The rate of enrolled participants who withdraw from the study will be reported
- Change in Gamma activity [ Time Frame: up to 6 months ]Changes in oscillatory activity in the EEG gamma band will be evaluated before and after the tACS sessions
- Change in Cognition [ Time Frame: up to 6 months ]Change in Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale - Cognitive (ADAS-Cog) score will be reported. The score ranges from 0-85 with the higher score meaning greater cognitive impairment.
- Change in Cognition [ Time Frame: up to 6 months ]Change in Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) score will be reported. The scores range from 0-18 with a higher score meaning less cognitive impairment.
- Change in Brain Metabolism measured via FDG-PET [ Time Frame: up to 3 months ]Change in brain glucose metabolism will be measured via FDG-PET after the daily tACS sessions
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04425148
|Contact: Nainika Groverfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Molly O'Reillyemail@example.com|
|Principal Investigator:||Emiliano Santarnecchi, PhD||Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center|