Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Transoral Robotic Surgery for Oropharyngeal Cancer. (NECTORS)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04277858|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 20, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 20, 2020
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Oropharynx Cancer Tonsil Cancer Throat Cancer Base of the Tongue Carcinoma||Drug: Docetaxel||Phase 2|
The current standard of care for advanced (AJCC-7 edition stage III and IV) oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma are concomitant chemoradiation, or surgery followed by adjuvant radiation therapy with or without concomitant chemotherapy. These approaches have persistent and significant lifelong side effects and sequelae related to treatment, and in particular related to radiotherapy. The side effects of radiotherapy (augmented with concomitant chemotherapy) include soft tissue fibrosis, loss of salivary function, dry mouth, life long disturbed taste function, poor dental health with rapidly decaying teeth, dysfunction of swallowing, significant loss of the mobility of the base of tongue and pharyngeal constrictors, loss of laryngeal elevation, esophageal stricture, and at times severe side effects such as soft tissue necrosis or osteoradionecrosis of the mandible. About 10% of the patients undergoing chemoradiation for oropharyngeal cancer develop long term swallowing dysfunction with feeding tube dependency. As a result , patient's quality of life (QOL) is adversely affected. Improvements in the side effect profile of treatment, the functional outcome, and the QOL remain very important areas of advancement in treating this patient population. Improvements in functional outcome need to be achieved while maintaining or improving the oncologic outcome and cure rates for cancer, compared to the standard of care.
Use of Taxane based chemotherapy along with Platinum drugs (Cisplatin and Carboplatin) in high dose neoadjuvant setting, coupled with Transoral Laser Microsurgery (TLM) or Transoral Robotic Assisted Surgery (TORS), allows potential for improved oncologic outcome as well as avoidance of long term sequelae of high dose radiation therapy to head and neck. These transoral surgical approaches (TLM and TORS) provide improved functional outcome compared with traditional open composite resections and complex reconstructive algorithms for oropharynx. TLM and TORS are currently in clinical use for early (stage T1 and T2 with N0 or N+ve) oropharyngeal cancer.
De-escalation treatment strategies of TORS followed by adjuvant radiotherapy are being investigated currently. However even without de-escalation there is overall 18-20% rate of treatment failure and half of failures are due to distant metastasis in the absence of loco-regional recurrence. In this study the investigators propose systemic escalation of treatment with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (docetaxel and cisplatin) followed by de-escalated locoregional treatment with transoral surgery and neck dissection reserving radiotherapy for salvage.
This approach has the potential for improved functional outcome by avoiding short and more importantly long term and permanent sequelae of radiation therapy in oropharyngeal cancer treatment. This approach is a new paradigm in treatment of oropharyngeal cancer, and can significantly improve the functional outcome of cancer treatment.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||60 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||neoadjuvant Docetaxel and Cisplatin and transoral surgery|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Phase II Study: Induction Chemotherapy Followed by Transoral Robotic Surgery and Neck Dissection for Definitive Management of Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma. (NECTORS Trial)|
|Actual Study Start Date :||August 14, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||August 2023|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||August 2025|
Experimental: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgery
Docetaxel and Cisplatin x 3 cycles followed by Transoral robotic surgery and neck dissection.
Carboplatin may be used instead of Cisplatin.
Subjects will be treated with neoadjuvant docetaxel and cisplatin for 3 cycles. This is followed by transoral robotic surgery (TORS) and neck dissection as definitive treatment, reserving radiotherapy for salvage.
Other Name: Cisplatin, Transoral robotic surgery
- Primary outcome: progression free survival. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]Subjects will be evaluated for cancer recurrence or persistence. Index cancer recurrence or persistence following completion of treatment at any site will be recorded as an event. Progression free survival will be calculated at 2 years according to the Kaplan Meier methods.
- Disease Specific Survival (DSS) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]The trial subjects will be followed for vital statistics (dead or alive) from the time enrolled in the trial. Any deaths that is caused by the index cancer will count as an event. DSS will be calculated with intention to treat analysis according to the Kaplan Meier methods at 5 years.
- Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]The trial subjects will be followed for vital statistics (dead or alive) from the time of enrolment. Death from any cause will be counted as an event. Overall survival will be calculated according to the Kaplan Meier methods at years.
- General Quality of Life (QOL) [ Time Frame: 12 months. ]Patient-reported general quality of life outcome will be measured according to The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) general quality of life questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) at 3 month, 6 months, and 12 months following the completion of treatment. These questionnaires are validated and an integrated system for assessing the quality of life (QoL) of cancer patients participating in clinical trials. Outcome score for functional scales at 12 months will be compared to pretreatment levels.
- Head and Neck Specific Quality of Life (QOL) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Patient-reported quality of life outcome will be measured according to EORTC head and neck specific questionnaire (QLQ-H&N35) prior to trial treatment (baseline), at 3 month, 6 months, and 12 months following the completion of treatment. These questionnaires are validated and an integrated system for assessing the quality of life (QoL) of head and neck cancer patients participating in clinical trials. Outcomes for symptom scales in H&N-35 at 12 months will be compared to pretreatment levels.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04277858
|Contact: Nader Sadeghi, MD||514-934-1934 ext email@example.com|
|Contact: Elizabeth Beaubien||514-934-1934 ext 34974|
|Study Chair:||Nader Sadeghi, MD||McGill University Health Centre/Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre|