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Efficacy and Safety of All-Oral Combination of Narlaprevir/Ritonavir and Sofosbuvir in Treatment-naïve Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C Genotype 1

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04246723
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 29, 2020
Last Update Posted : January 29, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Almedis
Scientific Center EFiS
ChromSystemsLab
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
R-Pharm

Brief Summary:
Multicenter, open-label, phase II safety and efficacy study of all-oral combination of narlaprevir/ritonavir and sofosbuvir in Treatment-naïve Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C Genotype 1.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Hepatitis c Genotype 1 Drug: Narlaprevir Drug: Ritonavir Drug: Sofosbuvir Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Two patient cohorts are anticipated in this study:

  1. Cohort A: 60 treatment-naive patients will be enrolled into narlaprevir/ritonavir/sofosbuvir treatment for 12 weeks.
  2. Cohort B: (exploratory): 25 treatment-naive patients with low viral load (HCV RNA<1000000 IU/L) will be enrolled into narlaprevir/ritonavir/sofosbuvir treatment for 8 weeks.

The enrollment of 25 treatment-naïve patients with low viral load into 8 week cohort will start after completion of enrollment of 60 treatment-naive patients into 12 week cohort.

The study will include 3 time periods:

  1. Screening period with duration up to 2 weeks during which study eligibility will be confirmed.
  2. Active treatment period (for 12 or 8 weeks): patients in the Cohort A will receive study therapy with narlaprevir/ritonavir/sofosbuvir for 12 weeks, in the Cohort B - during 8 weeks.

    If a patient has virologic breakthrough while receiving therapy, discontinuation of antiviral treatment is advised with appropriate clinical follow-up.

  3. Follow-up period during which patients do not receive any study medication. The duration of the follow-up period after the end of study treatment will be 24 weeks.

Overall, each patient will participate in the study for approximately up to 38 weeks from the time the patient signs the Informed Consent Form through the final visit.

If a patient is a screening failure, but is rescreened and subsequently enrolled, the reason for the original screening failure must be documented in the source documents. A new subject Identification number (ID) will be assigned to the patient.

The recruitment period in this study is planned to be up to 6 months. The total period of the study is anticipated to be approximately 1 year 3 months.

The patient is considered to be completed the study upon the completion of the last protocol specified visit. For those patients who do not complete the study, patient participation will be considered terminated upon the completion of the last visit or contact (e.g., phone contact with the investigator).

It is estimated that 85 patients meeting inclusion/exclusion criteria will be recruited from approximately 6 clinical sites in Russia

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 85 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy and Safety of All-Oral Combination of Narlaprevir/Ritonavir and Sofosbuvir in Treatment-naïve Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C Genotype 1
Actual Study Start Date : May 6, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 1, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 1, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort A (Narlaprevir + Ritonavir + Sofosbuvir for 12 weeks)

All of enrolled patients receive equal study therapy with Narlaprevir 200 mg Once a day (QD)/Ritonavir 100 mg QD/Sofosbuvir 400 mg QD orally for 12 weeks. Narlaprevir should be taken with ritonavir and food and should be taken at approximately the same morning time each day.

Sofosbuvir can be taken with or without meals.

Drug: Narlaprevir
100 mg oval shaped, concave, yellow film-coated tablets taken as 200 mg per os once daily. 28 tabs/36 tabs/ 56 tabs in bottle.

Drug: Ritonavir
100 mg tablets taken as 100 mg per os once daily. 30 tablets in bottle

Drug: Sofosbuvir
400 mg yellow, capsule-shaped film-coated tablets debossed with "GSI" on one side and "7977" on the other side, taken as 400 mg per os once daily. 28 tablets in bottle.

Experimental: Cohort B (Narlaprevir + Ritonavir + Sofosbuvir for 8 weeks)

All of enrolled patients receive equal study therapy with Narlaprevir 200 mg QD (once daily)/Ritonavir 100 mg QD/Sofosbuvir 400 mg QD orally for 8 weeks. Narlaprevir should be taken with ritonavir and food and should be taken at approximately the same morning time each day.

Sofosbuvir can be taken with or without meals.

Drug: Narlaprevir
100 mg oval shaped, concave, yellow film-coated tablets taken as 200 mg per os once daily. 28 tabs/36 tabs/ 56 tabs in bottle.

Drug: Ritonavir
100 mg tablets taken as 100 mg per os once daily. 30 tablets in bottle

Drug: Sofosbuvir
400 mg yellow, capsule-shaped film-coated tablets debossed with "GSI" on one side and "7977" on the other side, taken as 400 mg per os once daily. 28 tablets in bottle.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The proportion of patients achieved Sustained Virologic Response (SVR12) in treatment-naïve patients cohort, received study therapy during 12 weeks. [ Time Frame: Week 12 of follow-up period (SVR12) - week 24 of the study ]
    SVR12 - Undetectable HCV ( Hepatitis C Virus) RNA ( Ribonucleic Acid) by Lower limit Of Detection (LOD) 12 weeks following the end of treatment. LOD for HCV RNA <15 IU/mL


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The proportion of patients who achieved the Sustained Virological Response 24 weeks after the end of treatment (SVR24) in 12-week cohort [ Time Frame: 24 weeks after the end of the treatment or week 36 of the study ]
    HCV RNA undetectable by LOD; for 12-week cohort patients

  2. The proportion of patients achieved the End of treatment response (ETR) by LOD [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 12 of the study (cohort A) or week 8 of the study (cohort B) ]
    HCV RNA <LOD at the treatment end;

  3. The proportion of patients who achieved the Sustained Virological Response 4 weeks after the end of treatment (SVR4) by LOD [ Time Frame: 4 weeks after the end of treatment - week 16 of the study for cohort A and week 12 of the study for cohort B ]
    HCV RNA <LOD 4 weeks after the end of treatment

  4. The proportion of patients received 12 weeks of study treatment who developed viral breakthrough [ Time Frame: week 12 of the study ]
    applicable for cohort A patients only; viral breakthrough defined as greater than or equal to 1 log10 increase in HCV-RNA above nadir, or detectable HCV-RNA, while on treatment after an initial drop below detection in 12-week cohort. Viral breakthrough is an unsatisfactory therapeutic effect. in this case discontinuation of antiviral treatment is advised with appropriate clinical follow-up. Viral breakthrough will be summarized by patient cohort and treatment regimen. The number and proportion of patients achieving undetectable HCV RNA at each time point will be summarized. Time to breakthrough will be estimated using the Kaplan - Meier method if applicable

  5. The proportion of patients received 12 weeks of study treatment who developed relapse [ Time Frame: week 12 of the study and week 24 of the study ]
    applicable for cohort A patients only; relapse presence is defined as HCV RNA undetectable by LOD at the end of treatment with subsequent detectable HCV RNA at the end of the follow-up period (week 12) in 12-week cohort;


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. the proportion of treatment-naïve patients received 8 weeks of study treatment who achieve the SVR 12 by LOD [ Time Frame: week 20 of the study ]
    HCV RNA <LOD

  2. proportion of patients received 8 weeks of study treatment who achieved SVR24 by LOD [ Time Frame: week 32 of the study ]
    HCV RNA <LOD

  3. the proportion of treatment-naïve patients received 8 weeks of study treatment achieved the ETR by LOD [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 8 of the study (cohort B) ]
    HCV RNA <LOD at the treatment end;

  4. the proportion of treatment-naїve patients received 8 weeks of study treatment who achieve the SVR4 by LOD [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 12 of the study ]
    HCV RNA <LOD 4 weeks after the end of treatment;

  5. the proportion of patients who develop viral breakthrough in treatment-naïve patients received 8 weeks of study treatment; [ Time Frame: week 8 of the study ]
    applicable for cohort B patients only; viral breakthrough defined as greater than or equal to 1 log10 increase in HCV-RNA above nadir, or detectable HCV-RNA, while on treatment after an initial drop below detection in 12-week cohort. Viral breakthrough is an unsatisfactory therapeutic effect. in this case discontinuation of antiviral treatment is advised with appropriate clinical follow-up. Viral breakthrough will be summarized by patient cohort and treatment regimen. The number and proportion of patients achieving undetectable HCV RNA at each time point will be summarized. Time to breakthrough will be estimated using the Kaplan - Meier method if applicable

  6. he proportion of patients who develop relapse in treatment-naïve patients received 8 weeks of study treatment. [ Time Frame: week 8 of the study and week 20 of the study ]
    applicable for cohort B patients only; relapse presence is defined as HCV RNA undetectable by LOD at the end of treatment with subsequent detectable HCV RNA at the end of the follow-up period (week 12) in 8-week cohort;



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Are willing and able to provide written informed consent.
  • Have confirmed chronic HCV infection as documented by:

positive anti-HCV antibody (Ab) test or positive HCV RNA or positive HCV genotyping test at least 6 months prior to the Baseline/Day 1 visit

  • Have HCV genotype 1 at screening as determined by the Central Laboratory. Any nondefinitive results must exclude the subject from study participation.
  • Minimum HCV-RNA level of ≥ 10,000 IU at baseline;
  • Treatment-naive patients to be enrolled into 8 week cohort must have HCV-RNA level <1,000,000 IU/L at baseline;
  • No evidence of cirrhosis; availability at Baseline of at least one of the following tests negative results:

    1. Liver biopsy within 2 years of screening showing absence of cirrhosis
    2. Fibroscan® with a result of ≤ 12.5 kilopascal (kPa) within 6 months of baseline/Day1
    3. FibroTest® score of ≤ 0.48 AND Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)-to-Platelet Ratio Index (APRI) of ≤ 1 performed during screening

In the absence of a definitive diagnosis of the presence or absence of cirrhosis by the above criteria, a liver biopsy was required. Liver biopsy results supersede the results obtained by Fibroscan® or FibroTest®

  • Have a screening electrocardiogram (ECG) without clinically significant abnormalities (P wave < 0.1 s; PQ interval 0,12-0,2 s; QRS complex 0,06-0,1 s; QT interval 0,35-0,49 s).
  • Must have the following laboratory parameters at screening:

    1. alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 10 x the upper limit of normal (ULN)
    2. AST ≤ 10 x ULN
    3. Hemoglobin ≥ 12g/dL for male, ≥ 11g/dL for female subjects
    4. Platelets ≥ 50,000cells/mm^3 (for patients in 8-week study treatment group - ≥ 150,000 cells/mm3)
    5. International normalized ratio (INR) ≤ 1.5 x ULN unless subject has known hemophilia or is stable on an anticoagulant regimen affecting INR
    6. Albumin ≥ 3 g/dL;
    7. Direct bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN;
    8. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) ≤10%;

    e. Creatinine clearance (CLcr) ≥ 60 mL/min, as calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault equation.

  • Have not been treated with any investigational drug or device within 30 days of the screening visit.
  • A female subject is eligible to enter the study if it is confirmed that she is:

    1. Not pregnant or nursing;
    2. Of nonchildbearing potential (i.e., women who have had a hysterectomy, both ovaries removed, or medically documented ovarian failure, or are postmenopausal women >50 years of age with cessation [for ≥ 12 months ] of previously occurring menses), or
    3. Of childbearing potential (i.e., women who had not had a hysterectomy, both ovaries removed, or medically documented ovarian failure). Women ≤ 50 years of age with amenorrhea are considered to be of childbearing potential. These women must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening and a negative urine pregnancy test on the baseline/Day 1 visit prior to enrollment. They must also agree to one of the following from the screening until 6 months after last dose of the investigational drugs:

      • Complete abstinence from intercourse. Periodic abstinence from intercourse (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) is not permitted.
      • Consistent and correct use of 1 of the following methods of birth control listed below in addition to a male partner who correctly uses a condom from the date of screening until 6 months after the last dose of the investigational drugs. Women of childbearing potential must not rely on hormone-containing contraceptives as a form of birth control during the study. Female subjects using a hormone-containing contraceptive prior to screening must stop their contraceptive regimen use from the date of screening until 6 months after their last dose of investigational drugs.
      • intrauterine device (IUD) with a failure rate of < 1 %;
      • female barrier method: cervical cap or diaphragm with spermicidal agent
      • tubal sterilization
      • vasectomy in male partner
  • All male study participants must agree to consistently and correctly use a condom, while their female partner agrees to use either 1 of the nonhormonal methods of birth control listed above or a hormone-containing contraceptive listed below, from the date of screening until 6 months after their last dose of investigational drugs:

    • implants of levonorgestrel
    • injectable progesterone
    • oral contraceptives (either combined or progesterone only)
    • contraceptive vaginal ring
    • transdermal contraceptive patch
  • Male subjects must agree to refrain from sperm donation for at least 6 months after the last dose of investigational drugs.
  • Are in generally good health as determined by the investigator.
  • Are able to comply with the dosing instructions for study drug administration and are able to complete the study schedule of assessments.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Had prior exposure to Interferon (IFN), ribavirin (RBV), or other approved or experimental Direct-acting Antivirals (DAA) targeting the HCV.
  • Had prior exposure to amiodarone within 24 months before the screening
  • Are pregnant or nursing female or male with pregnant female partner.
  • Chronic liver disease of a non-HCV etiology (e.g., hemochromatosis, Wilson's disease, α1-antitrypsin deficiency, cholangitis).
  • Are infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or human immunodeficiency virus(HIV).
  • Have history of malignancy diagnosed or treated within 5 years; subjects under evaluation for malignancy are not eligible.
  • Have chronic use of systemically administered immunosuppressive agents (e.g., prednisone equivalent > 10 mg/day).
  • Have clinically relevant drug or alcohol abuse within 12 months of screening. A positive drug screen must exclude subjects unless it can be explained by a prescribed medication; the diagnosis and prescription must be approved by the investigator.
  • Have excessive alcohol consumption, defined as more than 3 drinks on any single day and more than 7 drinks per week for females, and > than 4 drinks on any single day and more than 14 drinks per week for males.
  • Have history of solid organ transplantation.
  • Have history of clinically significant illness or any other major medical disorder that may interfere with subject treatment, assessment, or compliance with the protocol by Investigators' opinion.
  • Have history of a gastrointestinal disorder (or postoperative condition) that can interfere with the absorption of the study drug.
  • Have history of difficulty with blood collection and/or poor venous access for the purposes of phlebotomy.
  • Usage of any prohibited concomitant medications as described in the protocol (Appendix 1 - list of drugs with expected drug-drug interactions due to concomitant ritonavir usage)
  • Have known hypersensitivity to the study investigational medicinal product, the metabolites, or formulation excipients.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04246723


Locations
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Russian Federation
FBIS CSRI of Epidemiology of Federal Service on Customers Recruiting
Moscow, Russian Federation, 111123
Contact: Vladimir Chulanov    +7 (925) 748 88 74    vladimir.chulanov@pcr.ru   
FSIS FRC of food and biotechnology Recruiting
Moscow, Russian Federation, 115446
Contact: Vasiliy Isakov    +7(916) 659 40 05    vasily.isakov@gmail.com   
SBEI HPE MSMDU n.a. A.I. Evdokimov of Ministry of Health of Russia Recruiting
Moscow, Russian Federation, 125367
Contact: Elena A. Klimova    +7 (910) 409 48 05    elena_klimova_@mail.ru   
FSBI HEI HPE Military Medical Academy n.a. S.M. Kirov Recruiting
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 193163
Contact: Konstantin Zhdanov    +7 (921) 939 82 95    zhdanovkv@rambler.ru   
SPb SBIH Center on preventiomn and treatment of AIDS and infectional deseases Recruiting
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Contact: Denis Gusev    +7 (921) 950 80 25    gusevden-70@mail.ru   
Sponsors and Collaborators
R-Pharm
Almedis
Scientific Center EFiS
ChromSystemsLab
Investigators
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Study Director: Mikhail Samsonov R-Pharm
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Responsible Party: R-Pharm
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04246723    
Other Study ID Numbers: CJ05013053
First Posted: January 29, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 29, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by R-Pharm:
hepatitis
HCV
antiviral
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hepatitis A
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C, Chronic
Hepatitis
Hepatitis, Chronic
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Ritonavir
Sofosbuvir
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors