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Phase 1 Trial of ST-001 nanoFenretinide in Relapsed/Refractory T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04234048
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : January 21, 2020
Last Update Posted : January 21, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Rush University Medical Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
SciTech Development, LLC

Brief Summary:
This study evaluates a fenretinide phospholipid suspension for the treatment of T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
T-cell Lymphoma Cutaneous/Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma, Not Classified Primary Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma, Unspecified Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma Follicular T-Cell Lymphoma Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma Sézary's Disease Mycosis Fungoides Drug: Fenretinide Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Fenretinide has been shown to be a relatively safe and effective anticancer therapy; however, dose limiting toxicities due to the excipients used in previous formulations has impeded its therapeutic utility. The product formulation in the current study (ST-001) is a phospholipid suspension of nanoparticle sized fenretinide. The current study is a Phase 1 trial in relapsed/refractory (R/R) T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in order to determine the safety profile, pharmacology, and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of ST-001 nanoFenretinide. Targeted T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (T-Cell NHL) indications include: (1) Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) including mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sézary Syndrome (SS); (2) non-cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (non-CTCL) subtypes: angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL), peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) not otherwise specified (NOS); and, follicular T-cell lymphoma (FTCL) as defined in the 2016 revision of the WHO classification of lymphoid malignancies.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 46 participants
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Dose escalation oncology Phase 1 with extended cohort study (1b); Up to 46 patients for the whole study: up to 8 patients for accelerated phase 1a (single patient cohort) + up to 18 patients for standard phase 1a (3+3 design) + 20 patients for phase 1b at the maximum tolerated dose (MTD)
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1a/1b Trial in Relapsed/Refractory T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma to Determine the Safety Profile, Pharmacology, and Maximum Tolerated Dose of ST-001, a Fenretinide Phospholipid Suspension (12.5 mg/mL) for Intravenous Infusion
Estimated Study Start Date : July 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2022


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Phase 1

Accelerated Phase 1a + Standard Phase 1a + Phase 1b

Accelerated Phase 1a

Up to 8 patients for accelerated phase 1a (single patient cohort); dose levels of ST-001 nanoFenretinide (mg/m^2/day X 5 days every 21 days):

Dose Level 1 1.25 (1 patient) Dose Level 2 2.5 (1 patient) Dose Level 3 5.0 (1 patient) Dose Level 4 10 (1 patient) Dose Level 5 20 (1 patient) Dose Level 6 40 (1 patient) Dose Level 7 80 (1 patient) Dose Level 8 160 (1 patient)

Standard Phase 1a

Up to 18 patients for standard phase 1a (3+3 design); dose level (mg/m2/day X 5 days every 21 days):

Dose Level 9 320 (3-6 patients) Dose Level 10 448 (3-6 patients) Dose Level 11 627 (3-6 patients)

Phase 1b

20 patients for phase 1b at the maximum tolerated dose (MTD)

Drug: Fenretinide

Accelerated Phase 1a 100% Dose escalation in 8 single-patient cohorts

Standard Phase 1a 40% Dose escalation in 3-patient cohorts X 3 cohorts

Phase 1b Dosed at MTD in 20 patients as disease-specific expanded cohort

Other Names:
  • nanoFenretinide
  • ST-001
  • 4-HPR
  • N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide
  • N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-all-trans-retinamide




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    To determine the MTD of ST-001 nanoFenretinide (12.5mg/mL) for IV infusion in patients with CTCL and other T-cell NHL.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    The number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by NCI CTCAE v4.0 will be determined. All patients who receive any dose of ST-001 will be evaluable for toxicity. The incidence rates of adverse events (AEs) will be tabulated by system organ class and preferred term, and by severity. All AEs with corresponding attributes will be displayed in a by-patient listing. The investigator at each site will determine the causal relationship between study medication and AEs. Subsets of AEs to be summarized include Severe Adverse Events (SAEs), suspected treatment-related AEs, and AEs that resulted in withdrawal of treatment or death.

  2. Number of participants with complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) to ST-001 [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Any patient who has at least one measurable disease site and has received at least on full cycle (5-day infusion) of ST-001 is eligible for response-to-treatment evaluation. The frequency and proportion of subjects with CR or PR will be calculated with a 95% Clopper Pearson confidence interval. CR + PR will constitute the overall response rate (ORR). The Global Response Scale (GRS) will be used to determine response of CTCL patients to ST-001. The GRS incorporates all components of the TNMB system (skin, lymph nodes, viscera, and blood). The International Working Group (IWG) Criteria for Response Assessment will be used to determine response in non-CTCL T-NHL patients.

  3. Fenretinide Cp(plateau), half-life (t1/2), and calculated parameters of Clearance and Volume of Distribution [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
    Pharmacokinetic (PK) evaluation of fenretinide Cp X t curves, Cp(plateau), and half-life (t1/2) as well as calculated parameters of Clearance and Volume of Distribution will be conducted at each dose level when all of its planned first cycle treatments have been completed. PK analysis will use descriptive statistics to characterize the range, median, and mean of calculated values of fenretinide clearance, volume of distribution, and distribution and elimination phase half-lives across all evaluable patients using individual patient C X t data. The relationship between dose and CpMAX and/or AUC will be examined as will their relationship to grade of toxicity.

  4. Activation of cytolytic T-lymphocytes (CTLs) and natural killer (NK) cells after ST-001 treatment. [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    The pharmcodynamic (PD) effect of ST-001 will be evaluated in tissue biopsies taken from tumorous skin lesions of CTCL patients. CTL and NK cell activation will be measured by expression of granzyme A and B, perforin, and NKG2D using immunohistochemical staining (IHC) of tissue biopsies. In addition, CTLs and NK cell tumor infiltration will be evaluated using CD8 and CD56 IHC staining, respectively. Biomarker analysis will use each patient's baseline (pre-treatment) values as the Control value and normalize PD changes as % change from baseline. In addition, the baseline PD biomarker values across all evaluable patients will be characterized as a distribution, and the on-treatment PD responses analyzed for values that are statistical outliers from the baseline distribution of values.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of the following specific types of T-cell lymphomas (TCL):

    1. Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL): mycosis fungoides (MF), Sézary Syndrome (SS), or primary cutaneous CD30+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma (cALCL).
    2. Nodal TCL: Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) not otherwise specified (NOS), angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL), or follicular T-cell lymphoma (FTCL) as defined in the 2016 revision of the WHO classification of lymphoid malignancies.
  • For standard phase 1a and expanded cohort (1b): Patients must all have at least one measurable disease site using criteria provided in section 11.
  • Relapsed or refractory (R/R) disease, after at least 2 prior systemic drug treatment regimens (oral bexarotene, interferon, any oral or IV HDAC inhibitor, any oral or IV chemotherapy drug). For CD30-expressing diseases for which brentuximab vedotin (BV) is approved, patients should have relapsed or refractory disease to BV or a BV-containing regimen or have either intolerance or contraindication to BV. For purpose of this study, total body electron beam radiation is not considered a systemic regimen. There is no upper limit on prior therapy.
  • Refractory disease is defined as lack of objective response (i.e., partial or complete response) to most recent therapy.
  • Relapsed disease is defined as recurrent disease after prior therapy that does not qualify as refractory disease.
  • For primary cutaneous lymphomas, stage IB, II, III and IV according to the TNMB system are eligible. For primary nodal lymphomas, patients with stages II-IV according to the Ann Arbor staging system are eligible.
  • Minimum of 4 weeks must have elapsed since last systemic treatment or radiation therapy (or 6 weeks for any nitrosourea-containing regimens), and patients must have recovered from all toxicity of last treatment.
  • Age ≥18 years. Both genders are included. However, women of childbearing potential must have a negative urine pregnancy test (UPT) and agree to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of the study. Lactating women are excluded. Male patients with significant others of childbearing age should also agree to use barrier methods of contraception for the duration of therapy
  • ECOG performance status 0-1 (Karnofsky ≥60%).
  • Life expectancy greater than 6 months.
  • Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    1. Leukocytes ≥ 3,000/μL
    2. Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/μL
    3. Platelets ≥ 100,000/μL
    4. Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits. Patients with total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X upper limit of normal are eligible
    5. AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) within institutional upper limit of normal
    6. Creatinine clearance ≥60 mL/min/1.73m^2 by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation
  • Triglyceride blood level (fasting) <200mg/dL at time of enrollment (normal: <150mg/dL; borderline high = 150-199mg/dL; high = 200-499mg/dL; very high = 500mg/dL or higher).
  • The effects of ST-001 nanoFenretinide on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason and because of the teratogenic effects of retinoids, women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation, as well as for 4 months after completion of ST-001 administration. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to enrollment in the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of ST-001administration.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents.
  • Patients with known or history of central nervous system (CNS) disease are excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because of concerns regarding toxicity attribution.
  • History of allergic reactions or sensitivity to retinoids or to any excipients of ST-001.
  • Concomitant drug administration.
  • Patients who require concurrent treatment with drugs that are strong CYP3A inducers are excluded from the trial. Patients who have been treated previously with strong CYP3A inducers may enroll in the trial and receive their first dose of ST-001 only after four weeks have elapsed since the last dose of the CYP3A inducer. Strong inducers of human CYP3A include barbiturates, bosentan, carbamazepine, efavirenz, enzalutamide, etravirine, systemic glucocorticoids, mitotane, modafinil, nevirapine, oxcarbazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, pioglitazone, rifabutin, rifampin, troglitazone as well as the OTC herbal product St John's Wort (https://www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources/druginteractionslabeling/ucm093664.htm#table2-3; http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/it-mmfiles/Cytochrome_P450_3A4_and_3A5_Known_Drug_Interaction_Chart.pdf; http://oncologypro.esmo.org/content/download/66542/1203090/file/CYP3A-inhibitors-inducers-DDI.pdf)
  • Patients who require concurrent treatment with drugs that are strong to moderate CYP3A inhibitors are excluded from the trial, and patients who have been treated previously with strong CYP3A inhibitors may enroll in the trial and receive their first dose of ST-001 only after four weeks have elapsed since the last dose of the CYP3A inhibitor. This group of inhibitors includes certain antivirals (boceprevir, danoprevir, paritaprevir; elvitegravir, indinavir, lopinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, telaprevir, tipranavir; ombitasvir, dasabuvir), macrolide antibiotics (e.g., clarithromycin, erythromycin, telithromycin, troleandomycin) and ciprofloxacin, antifungals (e.g., clotrimazole, fluconazole, ketoconazole, itraconazole, nefazodone, posaconazole, voriconazole), aprepitant, cimetidine, cobicistat, conivaptan, crizotinib, cyclosporine, diltiazem, dronedarone, idelalisib, luvoxamine, imatinib, tofisopam, suboxone and verapamil as well as dietary grapefruit juice and grapefruit (https://www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources/druginteractionslabeling/ucm093664.htm#table2-3; http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/it-mmfiles/Cytochrome_P450_3A4_and_3A5_Known_Drug_Interaction_Chart.pdf; http://oncologypro.esmo.org/content/download/66542/1203090/file/CYP3A-inhibitors-inducers-DDI.pdf)
  • If patients being treated with ST-001 require the use of drugs that are either strong inducers of CYP3A or strong to moderate inhibitors of CYP3A to treat a medical condition, all treatment with ST-001 should be discontinued immediately and no further treatment with ST-001 will be allowed.
  • Use of acetaminophen, cephalosporins and other known hepatotoxic agents is allowed with caution and close monitoring, due to known or potential interaction with ST-001 and potential increased risk of hepatotoxicity. Because the lists of these agents are constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult a frequently updated list such as http://medicine.iupui.edu/clinpharm/ddis/. Medical reference texts such as the Physicians' Desk Reference may also provide this information.
  • As part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the patient will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the patient is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product. Physician investigators should consult the websites listed above for the most current information regarding drug interactions via CYP3A isozymes.
  • Use of vitamin A supplements is prohibited. Standard multivitamin doses are allowed.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure (NY heart classification III/IV), unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, QTc interval >450 milliseconds on baseline triplicate ECG, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because ST-001is a retinoid agent with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with ST-001, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with ST-001.
  • HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with ST-001. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.
  • Patients with any active hepatitis infections.
  • Presence of nyctalopia (night blindness), or hemeralopia (defective vision in a bright light, 'day blindness') at enrollment, or any other retinal, ophthalmological condition (eg: retinitis pigmentosa, choroidoretinitis and xerophthalmia), and glaucoma.
  • Patients who have received prior fenretinide systemic therapy
  • Patients with T-cell lymphoma types other than those specified in section 3.1.1 are not eligible even if they have cutaneous dissemination. Similarly, patients with any type of natural killer (NK)- or B-cell lymphoma are not eligible regardless of sites of involvement by disease.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04234048


Contacts
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Contact: Louis M Scarmoutzos, PhD (617) 283-2182 lou@scitechdevelopment.com

Locations
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United States, Illinois
Rush University Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
Contact: Chrystal Johnston, MS    312-563-2312    chrystal_l_johnston@rush.edu   
Contact: Pamela A Sroka, BSN RN CCRC    (312) 942-5526    pamela_sroka@rush.edu   
Principal Investigator: Timothy M Kuzel, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
SciTech Development, LLC
Rush University Medical Center
Investigators
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Study Director: Ayad Al-Katib, MD SciTech Development, LLC
Principal Investigator: Timothy M Kuzel, MD Rush University Medical Center

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Responsible Party: SciTech Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04234048    
Other Study ID Numbers: ST-001-010
First Posted: January 21, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 21, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by SciTech Development, LLC:
Lymphoma
CTCL
Sézary syndrome
mycosis fungoides
PTCL
AITL
cALCL
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Mycoses
Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lymphoma, T-Cell
Mycosis Fungoides
Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral
Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous
Immunoblastic Lymphadenopathy
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Lymphadenopathy
Retinamide
Antineoplastic Agents